• Bulgarian grammar
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  • 1 Bulgarian sentence structure
  • 2 Bulgarian pronouns [0/10]
  • 3 Bulgarian nouns [0/6]
  • 4 Bulgarian verbs [0/16]
  • 5 Bulgarian prepositions [0/2]
  • 6 Bulgarian adjectives [0/6]
  • 7 Bulgarian adverbs [0/2]
  • Future tense in Bulgarian

    Exercises

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    1. Fill in the right form of the verb Score -/-
    2. Choose the right signal word Score -/-

    1. When to use the future tense?

    Knowing when and how to use the future tense will help you talk about future events.It will make it easier for you to express your thought and feeling and to understand people even better.

    We use it about: actions that will be performed after the moment of speaking.

    Утре ще ходя на училище.  Utre shte hodya na uchilishte.

     Tomorrow I will go to school.        

    В неделя отивам на почивка.  V nedelya otivam na pochivka.   On Sunday I am going on a vacation.
    След две седмици ще имам книжка.  Sled dve sedmici shte imam knizhjka.   In two weeks I will have a driving license. 

     

    enlightenedNotice that, unlike in English, in Bulgarian we do not have a tense agreement in reported speech.

    • Той ми каза , че ще дойде.
    • He told me that he would come.

    enlightenedThe Bulgarian future tense can be translated into English using Simple Future Tense, Future Continuous Tense or with the phrase "going to + infinitive".

    2. Signal words

    Usually it is very easy to understand when and how to use the future tense. Here are some time markers that will help you to use it properly.

       
    довечера  tonight
    тази вечер  this evening
    утре  tomorrow
    следващата година  next year
    следващия уикенд  next weekend
    следващото лято  next summer

     

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    3. Formation and verb conjugation

    Affirmative form of the future tense

    We usually form the future tense by using the participle "Ще"  (which is the same as "Will") and the present tense form of the verb.

                            enlightenedЩе (Will) + present tense form of the verb

         
    Ще купя хляб.   Shte kupya hlyab.   I will buy bread.
    Ще ходя в Испания.   Shte hodya v Ispniya.   I will go to Spain. 
    Ще уча френски.   Shte ucha Frenski.  I will learn French

     

    Negative form of the future tense

    We usaully form negative forms of the future tense using "Няма да" (Wont') and the present form of the verb.

                              enlightenedНяма да (Won´t) + present form of the verb

    Verb: Ходя - To walk

    (+) (+) (-) (-)
    Аз ще ходя.  I will go. Аз няма да ходя.  I won't go.
    Ти ще ходиш.  You will go. Ти няма да ходиш.  You won't go.
    Той/тя/то ще ходи  He/she/it will go. Той/тя/то няма да ходи.  She/he/it won't go. 
    Ние ще ходим.  We will go. Ние няма да ходим.  We won't go.
    Вие ще ходите.  You will go. Вие няма да ходите.  You won't go.
    Те ще ходят.  They will go. Те няма да ходят.  They won't go.

     

    4. Conjugation of reflexive verbs

    Pay attention to the reflexive pronouns that we already have mentioned in the leson for the present tense - "Се" and "Си".

    Verb: Връщам се - to return/come back

    (+) (+) (-) (-)
    Аз ще се върна.  I will come back.  Аз няма да се върна.  I won't come back.
    Ти ще се върнеш.  You will come back. Ти няма да се върнеш.  You won't come back. 
    Той/тя/то ще се върне  He/she/it will come back.  Той/тя/то няма да се върнат.  He/she/it won't come back. 
    Ние ще се върнем.  We will come back. Ние няма да се върнем.  We won't come back.
    Вие ще се върнете. You will come back. Вие няма да се върнете.  You won't come back.
    Те ще се върнат. They will come back Те няма да се върнат.  They won't come back.

     

    Verb: Мия си - To wash

    (+)

    (+)

    (-) (-)
    Аз ще си мия  I will wash myself  Аз няма да си мия   I won't wash myself 
    Ти ще си миеш   You will wash yourself  Ти няма да си миеш   You won't wash yourself
    Той/тя/то ще си мие 

     He/she/it will wash himself/herself/itself

    Той няма да си мие  He/she/it won´t wash himself/herself/itself
    Ние  ще си мием  We will wash ourselves Ние няма да си мием  We won't wash ourselves
    Вие ще си миете  You will wash yourselves Вие няма да си миете   You won't wash yourselves
    Те ще си мият  They will wash themselves  

    Те няма си мият

     They won't wash themselves.