Bulgarian reflexive verbs
According to grammar, a reflexive verb is a verb whose direct object is the same as the subject, like in the example: "I wash myself."
How to form the reflexive verbs in Bulgarian
In the Bulgarian language one verb is transformed into reflexive simply by adding the reflexive personal pronouns: "Се" or "Си".
Reflexive verbs with "Се"
Usually these verbs express the following notions:
- The subject is the doer of the action and is also affected by it.
|Аз се обличам.||I am dressing myself.|
|Аз се храня.||I am eating.|
- There are more than two subjects that perform the action and the object is direct.
Мария обичам Иван. Иван обича Мария.
Те се обичат.
Maria loves Ivan. Ivan loves Maria.
They love one another.
Some of the most frequently used verbs with "Се"
|влюбвам се||to be in love|
|гордея се||to be proud of|
|обаждам се||to call|
|смея се||to laugh|
|срамувам се||to be ashamed|
|шегувам се||to joke|
Reflexive verbs with "Си"
Usually these verbs express the following notions:
- The verb is followed by an object
|Аз си слагам ризата.||I am putting on my shirt.|
|Той си мие зъбите.||He is washing his teeth.|
There are more than two subjects performing the action and the object of the action is indirect.
Мария говори на Иван. Иван говори на Мария.
Те си говорят.
Maria talks to Ivan. Ivan talks to Maria.
They talk to each other.
- The subject performs the action on himself.
|Често си купувам дрехи.||Often I buy clothes for myself.|
|Обичам да си похапвам сладолед.||I love eating.|
Verbs frequently used with "Си"
|мисля си||to think to oneself|
|говоря си||to talk to oneself|
|пия си||to drink|
|играя си||to play|
|купувам си||to buy|
Some verbs change their meaning when they become reflexive.
|казвам||to tell, to say||казвам се||to be called|
|карам||to drive||карам се||to have an argument|
|намирам||to find||намирам се||to be located|
|разбирам||to understand, to find out||разбирам се||to get along|
|смея||to dare||смея се||to laugh|
There is also a difference in the meaning when we change the reflexive pronoun.
|представям||to introduce||казвам||to tell|
|представям се||to introduce oneself||казвам се||to be called|
|представям си||to imagine||казвам си||to tell oneself|
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My name is Monika and I am fluent Bulgarian and English speaker. I can help you to learn Bulgarian and/or English if you are a beginner or... if you want to prepare for your exams in Bulgarian grammar. I am passionate about languages because I found it easy to study languages in general. I took my final exam in Bulgarian grammar and literature with A. I also graduated Glasgow Caledonian University, which of course required IELTS.I would discribe myself as a very patient, supportive and highly motivated person. I don't like to put pressure on my students because the brain works better when the focus goes on the learning materials, not on the stress.I want to help everyone, who wants to learn Bulgarian and/or English without any struggle.Hope to see you soon. Здравейте, казвам се Моника и перфектно владея български и английски език. Мога да ти помогна да научиш български и/или английски, ако си начинаещ или да те подготвя за изпит по български език. Харесвам да уча езици, защото го намирам за нещо, с което се справям лесно. Средното си образование завърших с 5.80 на матурата по български език и литература. След него, завърших и бакалавър в Glasgow Caledonian University, който разбира се изискваше езиков изпит по английски - IELTS. Бих описала себе си като много спокоен, насърчителен и силно мотивиран човек. Не обичам да подлагам учениците си под напрежение, тъй като мозъкът работи по-добре, когато фокусът е насочен към учебната дейност, а не към стреса. Искам да помогна на всеки, който желае да научи български и/или английски без трудности. Надявам се да се видим скоро. Read more
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