• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs)

    In this chapter you will learn about the Dutch subjunctive. It is not used very often in the current Dutch language, but it is a archaic form of language use. 

    Definition and usage of the Dutch subjunctive

    The 'aanvoegende wijs' or the 'conjunctive' in Dutch is the subjunctive in English. This verb form expresses a wish (wens), concession (toegeving), direction (aanwijzing) or an encouragement (aansporing). In the modern Dutch language this verb form is mostly used in fixed expressions.  

    Situation Example Translation
    Wish God zij met ons. God be with us.
    Concession Hoe het ook zij, ze gaat naar school.  However it may be, she is going to school.
    Direction  Men neme een ei om deze vervolgens te bakken.   You take an egg to then bake it. 
    Encouragement Voor meer informatie, wende men zich tot het hoofdkantoor. For more information, turn to the  main office. 

    Fixed expressions that require the subjunctive

    These fixed expressions are mostly used in the present tense with the singular form of 'hij, zij, het'. Only the verb 'zijn' (to be) can have a subjunctive in the past tense. The rule to form this tense is: 

    Infinitive minus 'n' 

    The table below shows the fixed expressions.  

    Example Translation
    Kome wat komen zal. What will happen, will happen.
    Koste wat het kost.  At all costs. / No matter what.
    Redde wie zich redden kan.  Drastic times call for drastic measures, so safe yourself first.  
    Leve de koning!  Long live the king!  
    Het ga je goed.  Best wishes. 

    Train your skills with the exercises below! 

    Exercises

    Exercise Dutch subjunctive 1

    Exercise Dutch subjunctive 2

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