In this chapter you will learn about the Dutch subjunctive. It is not used very often in the current Dutch language, but it is a archaic form of language use.
The 'aanvoegende wijs' or the 'conjunctive' in Dutch is the subjunctive in English. This verb form expresses a wish (wens), concession (toegeving), direction (aanwijzing) or an encouragement (aansporing). In the modern Dutch language this verb form is mostly used in fixed expressions.
|Wish||God zij met ons.||God be with us.|
|Concession||Hoe het ook zij, ze gaat naar school.||However it may be, she is going to school.|
|Direction||Men neme een ei om deze vervolgens te bakken.||You take an egg to then bake it.|
|Encouragement||Voor meer informatie, wende men zich tot het hoofdkantoor.||For more information, turn to the main office.|
These fixed expressions are mostly used in the present tense with the singular form of 'hij, zij, het'. Only the verb 'zijn' (to be) can have a subjunctive in the past tense. The rule to form this tense is:
Infinitive minus 'n'
The table below shows the fixed expressions.
|Kome wat komen zal.||What will happen, will happen.|
|Koste wat het kost.||At all costs. / No matter what.|
|Redde wie zich redden kan.||Drastic times call for drastic measures, so safe yourself first.|
|Leve de koning!||Long live the king!|
|Het ga je goed.||Best wishes.|
Train your skills with the exercises below!
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