• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure [0/12]
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Active and passive voice in Dutch

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise passive voice in Dutch Score -/-
    2. Exercise active and passive voice in Dutch Score -/-

    Active and passive are not tenses. However, the verbs in the passive and active voice can have all the tenses, for example present simple or past perfect. Active and passive voice is about the structure of the sentence and differ in who is performing the action in the sentence

    1) Active voice  

    Definition and usage of the Dutch active voice 

    The Dutch active voice is used when the subject in the sentence is performing the action. This form is mainly used in the Dutch language.  

    Examples

    Active sentence Explanation Translation
    Ik heb dat boek gelezen.
    • 'Ik' is the subject in the sentence. 
    • 'Dat boek' is the direct object. 
    I have read that book.
    De hond had het stuk vlees opgegeten. 
    • 'De hond' is the subject in the sentence. 
    • 'Het stuk vlees' is the direct object.
    The dog had eaten the piece of meat. 
    Het meisje drinkt water.
    • 'Het meisje' is the subject in the sentence.
    • 'Water' is the direct object.
    The girl drinks water.

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    2) Passive voice  

    Definition and usage of the Dutch passive voice 

    The Dutch passive voice is used when the subject in the sentence is not performing the action. In a passive sentence the focus is on the action and not on the subject. The passive is mostly used when it is not important who performed the action of the sentence. The following rule is used to form the passive:  

    'zijn' / 'worden' + past participle 

    • 'Worden' is used when the action is still going on at that moment.  
    • 'Zijn' is used when the action has finished at that moment.  

    The following steps show the change from an active sentence to a passive sentence: 

    1. The subject becomes the adverbial clause in the sentence, starting with 'door' (by someone or something). 
    2. The direct object becomes the subject in the sentence. 
    3. 'zijn' or ''worden' are added.  

    Examples  

    Passive sentence Explanation Translation
    Het boek werd door mij gelezen.
    • 'Het boek' is the subject in the sentence.
    • 'Mij' is the indirect object.
    The book was read by me.
    Het stuk vlees is door de hond opgegeten.
    • 'Het stuk vlees' is the subject in the sentence.
    • 'De hond' is the indirect object.
    The piece of meat has been eaten by the dog. 
    Het water wordt door het meisje gedronken.
    • 'Het water' is the subject in the sentence.
    • 'Het meisje' is the indirect object. 
    The water is drunk by the girl. 

    enlightenedCompare the examples of the passive voice to the examples of the active voice and notice the difference: the subjects of the passive voice become objects in the active voice. 

    Train your skills with the exercises below!