• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure [0/12]
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Comparative and superlative of Dutch adjectives

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise Dutch comparative Score -/-
    2. Exercise Dutch superlative Score -/-

    Definition and usage of the comparative and superlative of Dutch adjectives 

    'De trappen van vergelijking' (the steps of comparison) are used to turn the adjective into a comparative or into a superlative. The comparative and superlative are formed by adding suffixes to the adjective.

    Situation Example Translation
    To turn an adjective into a comparative.
    • De slimmere jongen.  
    • Het grotere huis. 
    • The smarter boy. 
    • The bigger house. 
    To turn an adjective into a superlative. 
    • De slimste jongen. 
    • Het grootste huis. 
    • The smartest boy. 
    • The biggest house. 

    1) Forming the comparative of Dutch adjectives 

    The Dutch comparative compares the characteristics of two objects with each other that are not equal. These are formed by adding the suffix '-er' or '-ere'. 

    • Een vreemder huis. (A weirder house.) 
    • De schonere lucht. (The more clean air.) 

    enlightenedNote that a vowel disappeared in 'schonere' that is derrived form 'schoon' (clean). This has to do with a change in the syllables, because the stress is now somewhere else in the word. 

    enlightenedIf the adjective ends in '-r', '-der' or '-dere' will be added: Het raardere meisje. (The weirder girl.) 

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    2) Forming the superlative of Dutch adjectives 

    The Dutch superlative compares an object with other objects which surpasses everything. These are formed by adding the suffix '-st' or '-ste'. The definite articles 'de' or 'het' are always before the superlative. 

    • Het vreemdste huis. (The weirdest house.) 
    • De schoonste lucht. (The cleanest air.) 

    Dutch irregular comparatives 

    The Dutch language has some adjectives that don't follow the regular rules when forming the comparative and superlative. The following table shows a list of Dutch adjectives that are irregular:  

    Adjective Comparative Superlative Example Translation
    Goed 
    (good) 
    Beter 
    (better) 
    Best
    (best) 
    Jan is beter in tennis dan Henk.   Jan is better at tennis than Henk. 
    Graag
    (gladly)
    Liever 
    (rather)
    Liefst 
    (preferably)
    Zij eten het liefst vis.  They prefer to eat fish. 
    Veel 
    (much)
    Meer 
    (more)
    Meest 
    (most)
    Hij eet het meest. He eats the most. 
    Weinig
    (little)
    Minder
    (less)
    Minst
    (least)
    Jij hebt minder les dan ik.  You got less class than me. 

    enlightened In Dutch you can also use 'meer' (more) or 'meest' (most) to form the comparative, but is not used as frequently as in English. It is only used for long words, that are hard to pronounce in another form or to emphasize something: 

    • Hij is het meest fantastisch van hen allemaal. (He is the most fantastic of all of them.) 
    • Zij heeft de meest praktische aanpak. (She has the most practical approach.)  

    Train your skills by doing the exercises below.