The Dutch future perfect is not used very often in Dutch, they rather use the present perfect instead. This tense is used to describe an action that will have been completed before another point or action in the future.
|To describe an action that will have been completed in the future.||
The following rule is used to form the future perfect:
'zullen' (to shall) + 'hebben'/'zijn' + past participle
The verb 'hebben' is always used with the past participle.
In some cases the verb 'zijn' (to be) is used:
- 'Zijn' is used together with these verbs in the past participle tense:
- To form the past participle of verbs that express movement, development of change. For example:
|Subject||Form||Wachten (to wait)||Blijven (to stay)|
|Ik (I)||zal + hebben/zijn + past participle||zal hebben gewacht||zal zijn gebleven|
|Jij, u (you)||zal + hebben/zijn + past participle||zal hebben gewacht||zal zijn gebleven|
|Hij, zij, het (he, she, it)||zal + hebben/zijn + past participle||zal hebben gewacht||zal zijn gebleven|
|Wij (we)||zullen + hebben/zijn + past participle||zullen hebben gewacht||zullen zijn gebleven|
|Jullie (you)||zullen + hebben/zijn + past participle||zullen hebben gewacht||zullen zijn gebleven|
|Zij (they)||zullen + hebben/zijn + past participle||zullen hebben gewacht||zullen zijn gebleven|
Keep in mind: when the verb has 'ij' in the infinitive the past participle gets an 'e'.
Train your skills with the exercises about the future perfect below!
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