• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Plural in Dutch

    Definition and usage of the Dutch plural

    The plural noun is used when people want to describe more than one object, person, animal, event, place or idea. The following endings are used for plural nouns in Dutch: 

    • '-en'  
    • '-s' 
    • '-'s' 
    • '-eren' 

    Plural with '-en' 

    Most nouns get '-en' at the ending to form the plural. The following rule is used to form plural nouns: 

    noun + en 

    Examples: 

    Noun Plural noun Example Translation
    Het bord (the plate) De borden (the plates) Ik zet de borden in de kast. I put the plates in the cupboard.
    De fiets (the bike) De fietsen (the bikes) Er staan fietsen op straat. There are bikes on the street.
    De dief (the thief) De dieven (the thieves) Zij zijn dieven. They are thieves.
    De mok (the mug) De mokken (the mugs) Wij gaan meer mokken kopen. We are going to buy more mugs.

    Mind the following rules when forming the plural nouns: 

    1. Short vowels stay short and long vowels stay long.  

    Example: kop (mug) - koppen (mugs)  

    2. In the plural form, the double vowel from the last syllabe disappears.  

    Example: heer (sir) - heren (sirs)  

    3. If a singular noun ends in 'f' or 's', these consonants change into 'v' or 'z'. 

    Example: reus (giant) - reuzen (giants) 

    Plural with '-s'

    Besides in '-en' plural nouns can also end in '-s.   

    noun + s  

    Nouns that end in '–el', '-em', '-en', '-er', '-je' mostly end in '-s'. The table below shows some examples:  

    Noun Plural noun Example Translation
    Het hondje (the little dog) De hondjes (the little dogs) Hij heeft drie hondjes. He has three little dogs.
    De kalender (the calendar) De kalenders (the calendars) Kijk even naar die kalenders. Have a look at those calendars.
    De kogel (the bullet) De kogels (the bullets) Hij heeft geen kogels. He ran out of bullets.
    Het meisje (the girl) De meisjes (the girls) Meisjes letten jullie op? Girls do you pay attention?

    Plural with apostrophe '-s'

    Nouns that end in the single vowels '–a', '-i', '-o', '-u', '-y' get a '-'s' when forming the plural. The apostrophe is added to keep the long single vowel at the end long.  

    Take a look at the table below to see how the plural with '-'s' is formed: 

    Noun Plural noun Example Translation
    De baby (the baby) De baby's (the babies) Zij past op drie baby's. She babysits three babies. 
    De auto (the cars) De auto's (the cars) De auto's rijden snel. The cars drive fast.
    De pinda (the peanut) De pinda's (the peanuts) Ik eet veel pinda's. I eat a lot of peanuts.
    De hobby (the hobby) De hobby's (the hobbies) Wij hebben veel hobby's. We have a lot of hobbies.

    Other plural forms of Dutch nouns

    1. '-heid' 

    Nouns that end in '-heid' in the single form, end in '– heden' in the plural.  

    Examples:  

    • De beroemdheid (the celebrity) - de beroemdheden (the celebrities)  
    • De gruwelijkheid (the horror) - de gruwelijkheden (the horrors)
    • De minderheid (the minority) - de minderheden (the minorities)  

    2. '-eren' 

    Some plural nouns end in –eren. 
    Examples:  

    • Het lied (the song) – de liederen (the songs) 
    • Het ei (the egg) - de eieren (the eggs) 
    • Het blad (the leaf) - de bladeren (the leafs)  

    3. '-a' 

    Nouns that end in the Latin suffix '–um', get an ending in '-a' in the plural. 
    Examples:  

    • Het podium (the stage) - de podia (the stages)  
    • Het centrum (the centre) – de centra (the centres)  
    • Het museum (the museum) - de musea (the museums) 

    Train your skills by doing exercises below!

    Exercises

    Exercise Dutch plural 1

    Exercise Dutch plural 2

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