Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te')
What is the infinitive in Dutch?
The infinitive in Dutch is the not conjugated verb in the present. Most Dutch infinitives end in '-en', such as 'lopen' (to walk), 'werken' (to work), 'eten' (to eat). There are some exceptions that end in '-n', for example:
- Slaan (to hit)
- Gaan (to go)
- Staan (to stand)
- Zijn (to be)
Infinitive verbs with ‘te’
The table below shows you the situations where 'te + infinitive' is used.
|1. The verbs 'lopen', 'staan', 'zitten','liggen' and 'hangen' are used to describe another action in combination with the 'te' + infinitive construction.||
|2. When the adjective indirectly says something about the infinitive 'te + infinitive' is used.||
|3. The construction 'te' + infinitive is used to say that something is possible.||
|4. 'Te' in combination with an infinitive is used in subclauses.||
|5. The infinitive with 'te' is used after prepositions.||
Infinitive verbs without ‘te’
The table below shows the situations in which infinitive verbs without 'te' are used.
|1. You want to describe how an action (infinitive) is carried out.||
|2. The infinitive without 'te' is used when there is a transitive verb in the sentence.||
|3. You want to describe a continuous action with 'zijn' + 'aan het' + infinitive.||
|4. The modal verb is used to describe the action (infinitive) that is being carried out. The action is in this case the infinitive.||
Other categories of infinitives without 'te'
1) Transitive verbs and the bare infinitive
The transitive verbs describe the recognition of someone else performing an action (infinitive).
- Zij hoort hem praten.
- Hij zag haar rennen.
2) 'Zijn' + 'aan het' + infinitive
This rule is used to describe a continuous action (infinitive). The verb 'zijn' has to be conjugated, followed by 'aan het'. The infinitive is normally at the end of the sentence.
- Jullie zijn de borden aan het afwassen.
- Ik ben aan het lezen.
Other uses of the Dutch infinitive
The Dutch infinitive is sometimes used as a noun. The articles 'de/het' (the) and 'een' (a) can be added to this noun.
- Het roken van sigaretten is niet goed voor je.
- Het eten van te veel eieren kan ongezond zijn.
Train your skills with the exercises about the infinitive below!
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Dutch lessons for non-native speakers and (non-native) children.
I teach: Dutch, Persian
As non-native parents it is certainly not easy to teach your children Dutch or to help with the fluency of the new language. Who wants some... extra exercise for his children? I can help you with that. As their vocabulary becomes more and more extensive and their sentences become increasingly fluid, your children will get more and more self-confident. To speak well the Dutch language will surely benefit them now and later. Do your children need some help with their homework, especially with their Dutch, then I can help with that. Even as non-native-speaking adults, it is sometimes difficult to have enough exercise. That is why also adults who want to make progress in speaking the Dutch language are welcome here! We can practice the everyday language together. Read more
Hello, I offer personalized one-on-one lessons for all levels
I teach: Dutch, English, French, Italian
Hello,I would love to help you improve your knowledge of English.I adapt the lessons following your wishes : are you a beginner and need to get... some basic knowledge with grammar and easy texts or do you want to improve your conversation skills. I can help you either way.Looking forward to meeting you ! Read more
I teach: Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Russian
Hello! I will be glad to be your teacher in Bulgarian, Russian, Dutch and English. Level that you can cover under the EU certificate through my... training is: 1. Bulgarian and Russian - С1 2. Dutch and English - A2 An individual approach from my part and a good motivation and diligence on your part is the way to success. I'm waiting for you! Stanka Stoyanova Read more