• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure [0/12]
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Dutch prepositions

    Exercises

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    1. Practice the Dutch prepositions Score -/-
    2. Practice Dutch prepositions Score -/-
    3. Exercise Dutch prepositions Score -/-

    In this chapter you will learn about the Dutch prepositions. It gives you an overview of the different prepositions and how to use them. The Dutch language has three categories of prepositions. In the subchapters you can study these different categories of prepositions. 

    Definition and usage of Dutch prepositions  

    Prepositions are used to indicate a connection between words in the sentence. A preposition is never an independent part of the sentence, it belongs (almost) always to a noun. 

    enlightened Tip: you can remember prepositions as so called 'kast-woordjes' (closet-words).  This is a way to test if a word is a preposition. The Dutch prepositions can (almost) always be combined with the word 'kast' (closet).  
    For example: 

    • Het boek ligt in de kast. - The book is in the closet.  
    • Het boek ligt op de kast.-  The book is on the closet.  

    The Dutch language has four categories of prepositions: 

    1) Prepositions of place

    Prepositions of place  indicate a relationship related to space or location.

    • Zij is nog thuis. = She is still at home.
    • We studeren aan de universiteit. = We study at the university.

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    2) Prepositions of movement 

    Prepositions of movement  are used to indicate direction.

    • Zij fietsen naar de supermarkt.  = They cycle to the supermarket. 
    • Ik wandel langs een rivier. = I walk along a river. 

    3) Prepositions of time

    Prepositions of time refer to a time relationship.

    • Jullie moeten hier om 8.00 zijn. = You must be here at 8.00 a.m.
    • Je bent een arts sinds 2010. = You have been a doctor since 2010.

    Fixed prepositions

    There are Dutch verbs that have a fixed preposition. The verb is always combined with the same preposition. In this case, the preposition is irreplaceable. The preposition is important for the meaning of the verb.  

    Example: 

    • Ik wacht op mijn hamburger (wachten op) – I am waiting for my hamburger.  
    • Hij is bang voor spinnen. (bang zijn voor) - He is afraid of spiders.  
    • Kim is dol op ijs. (dol zijn op) - Kim  loves ice-cream. 

    Prepositional expressions

    Dutch has a couple prepositional expressions. This means that multiple prepositions are used to express something. These have a 'fixed' structure: 

    preposition + noun+ preposition 

    Example: 

    • Er hebben belangrijke ontwikkelingen plaatsgevonden met betrekking tot het klimaat. (Important developments have taken place with regard to/concerning the climate.) 
    • Ik ging naar school in plaats van naar huis. (I went to school instead of to my home.) 
    • Veel mensen hebben zich aangemeld door middel van het aanmeldformulier. (Many people have signed up by means of the registration form.  

    Separable verbs  

    Sometimes words look like prepositions in a sentence, but they actually are a part of a separable verb. 

    Example: 

    • Hij bakt de kip aan. (aanbakken) - He is baking the chicken. 
    • Wij geven ons op voor de quiz. (opgeven) - We are sigining up for the quiz.  
    • Ze stellen vaak voor om naar het strand te gaan. (voorstellen) - They often propose to go to the beach. 

    Take a look at the preposition list to study all the prepositions. Also take a look at the other chapters to learn more about the different categories of prepositions. 

    Next lessons

    1 Dutch prepositions of place (tussen, naast) Overview of the prepositions of place
    2 Dutch prepositions of movement (over, naar) Learn the Dutch prepositions of movement with this overview.
    3 Dutch prepositions of time (sinds, tot) Learn the Dutch prepositions of time with this overview.
    4 Dutch preposition list A list of the common prepositions in Dutch