• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Dutch demonstrative pronouns (aanwijzend voornaamwoord)

    The Dutch demonstrative pronouns are 'dit' (this), 'dat' (that), 'deze' (this, these) and 'die' (that, those). To be able to understand when we use which, we have two types of demonstrative pronouns.  

    1) Dependent demonstrative pronouns 

    • Dependent demonstrative pronouns refer to a specific person or thing.  
    • The dependent demonstrative pronoun is always followed by the noun it refers to.  
    • 'Dit' and 'dat' are singular and 'deze' and 'die' are singular and plural. When to use which of these depends on if a 'het-noun' or 'de-noun' follows.  
    Dependent demonstrative pronouns Example Translation
    Dit (het-noun) Dit huis is klein.  This house is small.
    Dat (het-noun) Dat gebouw is groot. That building is big.
    Deze (de-noun) Deze auto is rood. This car is red.
    Die (de-noun) Die fiets is snel. That bike is fast.
    Deze (plural) Deze fietsen zijn snel. These bikes are fast.
    Die (plural) Die auto's zijn rood. Those cars are red.

    2) Independent demonstrative pronouns

    • Independent demonstrative pronouns are used the same way as the dependent demonstrative pronouns, but the nouns are left out.  
    • 'Dit' and 'dat' are singular and 'deze' and 'die' are singular and plural. When to use which of these depends on if a 'het-noun' or 'de-noun' follows.  
    Independent demonstrative pronouns Example Translation
    Dit (het-noun) Dit is klein. This is small.
    Dat (het-noun) Dat is groot. That is big.
    Deze (de-noun) Deze is rood. This is red.
    Die (de-noun) Die is snel. That is fast.
    Deze (plural) Deze zijn snel. These are fast.
    Die (plural) Die zijn rood. Those are red. 

    When an independent demonstrative pronoun is linked to a noun with a linking verb: we always use 'dit' or 'dat'. 

    enlightenedEven though a 'de-noun' follows the independent demonstrative pronoun. 

    Independent demonstrative pronouns Example Translation Change Translation
    Deze (de-noun) Deze man is mijn vriend. This man is my boyfriend. Dit is mijn vriend. This is my boyfriend.
    Die (de-noun) Die vrouw is mijn moeder. That woman is my mother. Dit is mijn moeder. That is my mother.
    Deze (plural) Deze mensen zijn mijn ouders. These people are my parents. Dit zijn mijn ouders. These are my parents.
    Die (plural) Die jongens worden profvoetballers.  Those boys will become professional football players. Dat worden profvoetballers.

    Those will become professional football players. 

    Train your skills with the exercises below.

    Exercises

    Dutch demonstrative pronouns exercise with dit, dat, deze, die

    Exercise to practice the Dutch demonstrative pronouns

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