• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure [0/12]
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Dutch alphabet

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise Dutch words Score -/-
    2. Exercise pronunciation Dutch alphabet Score -/-

    The 26 letters of the Dutch alphabet

    a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z  

    The table below shows you the letters and their pronunciation.  

    Letters (capital) Letters (small) Pronunciation Example
    A a Pronounced as 'aa'. Appel (apple)
    B b Pronounced as 'bee'.  Beker (mug)
    C c Pronounced as 'cee'. Cirkel (circle)
    D d Pronounced as 'dee'. Deur (door)
    E e Pronounced like the English 'a'. Eten (to eat)
    F f Pronounced as 'ef'. Fiets (bike)
    G* g Pronounced as 'g'. Grappen (to joke)
    H h Pronounced as 'haa'. Helpen (to help)
    I i Pronounced like the English 'e'. Irritant (annoying)
    J j Pronounced like the English 'y' in 'you'. Jaren (years)
    K k Pronounced as 'kaa'. Konijn (rabbit)
    L l Pronounced as 'el'. Laars (boot)
    M m Pronounced as 'em'. Moeder (mother)
    N n Pronounced as 'en'. Noten (nuts)
    O o Pronounced like the English 'o'. Ogen (eyes)
    P p Pronounced as 'pee'.  Praten (to talk)
    Q q Pronounced as 'kuu'. Quiz (guiz)
    R r Pronounced as 'er'. Rennen (to run)
    S s Pronounced as 'es'. Slang (snake)
    T t Pronounced as 'tee'. Tafel (table)
    U u Pronounced as 'uu'. Huur (rent)
    V v Pronounced as 'vee'. Vriendelijk (friendly)
    W w Pronounced like a combination of the English 'v' and 'w'. Water (water)
    X x Pronounced as 'iks'. Xylofoon (xylophone)
    Y y Pronounced as 'ij'. Yoghurt (yoghurt)
    Z z Pronounced as 'set'. Zon (sun)

    *The pronunciation of the 'g' is different per region in the Netherlands. The northern parts use a more hard 'g' sound and in the southern parts a more soft 'g' sound is used.  

    enlightenedJust like in English, the pronunciation of the letters will change per word.  

    The Dutch vowels

    The pronunciation of Dutch vowels depends on if it is an open or closed syllable. It is a closed syllable when it is between two consonants. An open syllable is when it is not. 

    • 'De rat' (The rat) → closed syllable 
    • 'De aap' (The monkey) → open syllable 

    The pronunciation of the cominbation of vowels and of consonants can be found on the Dutch pronunciation page.