• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Dutch personal pronouns refer to a person, group of people or an object. As you will see below, there are different pronouns for subjects and objects. 

    1) Dutch subject pronouns 

    The subject in a sentence is the one that performs the action. There are two forms of subject pronouns:

    • Stressed subject pronouns are used when the emphasis lies on the pronoun in the sentence.
    • However, unstressed subject pronouns are used more often. 
    Stressed subject pronoun Unstressed subject pronoun Translation
    Ik Ik I
    Jij Je You
    U U You (formal)
    Hij Hij He
    Zij Ze She
    Dit/dat Het It (het-nouns)
    Deze/die Hij It (de-nouns)
    Wij We We
    Jullie Jullie You
    Zij Ze They
    Deze/die Ze They (lifeless objects)

    enlightenedYou can replace the personal pronoun by a name if you are not sure – if it cannot be replaced by a name it is not a personal pronoun.  

    enlightenedThe stressed subject pronouns are used when the emphasis lies on the pronoun in the sentence: 

    • Je hoeft niet naar school toe vandaag. You don't have to go to school today.  
    • Jij hoeft niet naar school toe vandaag (maar ik wel). You don't have to go to school today (but I do).  
    Subject pronoun Example Translation
    Ik
    • Ik ga naar school. 
    • I go to school. 

    Jij (stressed)

    Je

    • Jij maakt het huiswerk. 
    • Je loopt naar de winkels. 
    • You do the homework. 
    • You walk to the stores. 
    U
    • Pardon, kunt u mij de weg vertellen?
    • Excuse me, could you tell me the way?
    Hij
    • Hij gaat naar huis. 
    • He goes home. 

    Zij (stressed)

    Ze

    • Zij is weer te laat. 
    • Ze is er vandaag niet. 
    • She is late again. 
    • She is not here today. 

    Dit/dat (het-nouns) (stressed)

    Het (het-nouns)

    • Dat (het mes) kan je toch niet gebruiken. 
    • Het (het shirt) is nu te koop in de winkels.
    •  You cannot use that (the knife). 
    • It (the shirt) is now available in stores. 

    Deze/die (de-nouns)
    (stressed)

    Hij (de-nouns)

    • Die (de broek) heb ik net nieuwe gekocht. 

    • Hij (de film) komt volgende week in de bioscoop. 

    • I just bought these (the jeans).
    • It (the movie) is in the cinema next week.

    Wij (stressed)

    We

    • Wij gaan morgen hardlopen. 
    • We kwamen te laat op school.
    • We are going to run tomorrow. 
    • We were late for school.
    Jullie
    • Jullie eten veel.
    • You eat a lot. 

    Zij (stressed)

    Ze

    • Zij zijn altijd vrolijk. 
    • Ze luisteren niet. 
    • They are always happy.
    • They don't listen. 

    Deze/die (lifeless object)
    (stressed)

    Ze (lifeless object)

    • Deze (oorbellen) wil ik niet. 
    • Ze (de schoenen) zijn te groot.
    • I don't want these (earrings). 
    • They (the shoes) are too big. 

    enlightened'Dit'/'dat' and 'deze'/'die' are demonstrative pronouns 

    2) Dutch object pronouns 

    We use an object pronoun when the personal pronoun is not the subject in the sentence. There are two forms of object pronouns:

    • Stressed object pronouns are used when the emphasis lies on the pronoun in the sentence.
    • However, unstressed object pronouns are used more often. 
    Stressed object pronouns Unstressed object pronouns Translation
    Mij Me Me
    Jou Je You
    U U You (formal)
    Hem Hem Him
    Haar Haar Her
    Dit/dat het It (het-nouns)
    Deze/die hem It (de-nouns)
    Ons Ons Us
    Jullie Jullie You
    Hun/hen Ze Them
    Deze/die Ze Them

    enlightened'Dit'/'dat' and 'deze'/'die' are demonstrative pronouns.

    Object pronoun Example Translation

    Mij (stressed)

    Me

    • Ze heeft dat aan mij verteld (en niet tegen jou). 
    • Ze heeft me dat verteld.  
    • She has told that to me (and not to you).  
    • She has told that to me.  

    Jou (stressed)

    Je

    • Ik heb jou gister geholpen (en niet haar). 
    • Ik heb je gister geholpen. 
    • I have helped you yesterday (and not her). 
    • I have helped you yesterday. 
    • Ik liep met u mee. 
    • I walked with you. 
    Hem
    • Ik ging met hem mee naar huis. 
    • I went home with him.
    Haar
    • Ik praat met haar. 
    • I talk with her.

    Dit/dat (het-noun)
    (stressed)

    Het (het-nouns)

    • Ik heb dat (het tasje) meegenomen.  
    • Ik heb het (het huis) gekocht. 
    • I have taken that (the bag).  
    • I have bought it (the house). 

    Deze/die (de-nouns)
    (stressed)

    Hem (de-nouns)

    • Deze (de lepel) heb ik niet nodig, maar het mes wel.  

    • Ik hoef hem (de pen) niet.  

    • I don't need this (the spoon), but I do need the knife.  

    • I don't need it (the pen).  

    Ons
    • Hij vertelde het verhaal gisteren aan ons. 
    • He told us the story yesterday. 
    Jullie
    • Wij voetballen vaak met jullie. 
    • We often play soccer with you. 

    Hun/hen (stressed)

    Ze

    • Ik ging met hen mee.  
    • Ik ging met ze naar de dierentuin.  
    • I went with them.  
    • I went with them to the zoo.  

    Deze/die (lifeless object)
    (stressed)

    Ze (lifeless object)

    • Deze (de bananen) vind ik niet lekker.  
    • Ik vind ze (de appels) lekker.  
    • I don't like these (the bananas).  
    • I like them (the apples). 

    Train your skills with the exercises below!