• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Gender of Dutch nouns (male / female / neuter)

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise gender of Dutch nouns (male/female/neuter) 1 Score -/-
    2. Exercise gender of Dutch nouns 2 Score -/-

    The difference between the gender of the nouns has disappeared over the years in the Dutch language. Masculine and feminine nouns are now both 'de' and 'het' is still the article of a neuter noun. However, there are no exact rules that can help determine when to use which article.  

    How to distinguish between female, male and neutral Dutch nouns?

    The article 'de' can be used for female and male nouns. It is not really important to know if a noun is female or male. The article 'het' is used for neutral nouns. You can find the gender of the nouns in the dictionary. 

    There are obvious genders of nouns, because it is already in the meaning: 

    • De vrouw (the woman) → female
    • De koning (the king) → male
    • De man (the man) → male

    How to make masculine nouns feminine?

    To make Dutch masculine nouns female, a suffix is added to the nouns:

    Masculine Feminine Example Translation
    De Deen
    (the Danish man)
    De Deense
    (the Danish woman)  
    De Deense woont in Amsterdam.  The Danish woman lives in Amsterdam. 
    De zanger
    (the singer)
    De zangeres
    (the female singer)
    De zangeres kan goed zingen. The female singer can sing very well.
    De leeuw
    (the lion)
    De leeuwin
    (the lioness)
    De leeuwin is boos.  The lioness is angry. 
    De speler
    (the player) 
    De speelster
    (the female player)
    De speelster speelt goed.  The female player plays well. 

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    Neuter nouns in Dutch (Het-nouns)

    As explained above there are no rules. There are some guidelines to remember: 

    When? Example Translation
    All diminutives
    • Het meisje
    • Het broekje
    • the little girl
    • the little trousers
    The infinitives used as a noun 
    • Het hebben van een laptop is leuk
    • Het hebben van een zus is gezellig.
    • Having a laptop is fun.
    • Having a sister is nice.
    All nouns ending in '-aat' (that do not refer to a person), '-um', '-isme' 
    • Het museum
    • Het resultaat
    • the museum
    • the result
    Most nouns that begin with the prefix 'be-', 'ver-', 'ge-', but do not end in '-ing' 
    • Het begin
    • Het verkeer
    • the beginning
    • the traffic
    All nouns that say 'the good thing is ...', 'the bad thing is ...' 
    • Het mooie is ...
    • Het stomme is …
    • The nice thing is …
    • The stupid thing is …

    Male and female nouns (De-nouns)

    There are a few tips for the 'de-nouns' to be able to remember when to use them: 

    When? Examples Translation
    All plural nouns 
    • De schoenen 

    • De boten 

    • the shoes
    • the boats
    Obvious feminine or masculine nouns 
    • De vrouw 

    • De man 

    • the woman
    • the man
    Nouns that end in '-ing' 
    • De groepering

    • De uitnodiging

    • the grouping
    • the invitation
    Nouns that end in '-tie', '-thie', '-sie' 
    • De politie

    • De telepathie

    • the police
    • the telepathy
    Nouns that end in '-or' 
    • De motor

    • De professor

    • the motor
    • the professor
    Persons (except het kind) 
    • De zus

    • De vader

    • the sister
    • the father
    Nouns that end in '-aar' 
    • De tovenaar

    • De leraar

    • the wizard
    • the teacher
    Nouns that end in '-eur' 
    • De acteur

    • De regisseur

    • the actor
    • the director
    Words ending in '-er' 
    • De dokter

    • De schrijver

    • the doctor
    • the writer
    Nouns that are obviously female
    • De danseres

    • De actrice

    • the dancer
    • the actress

    Train your skills with the exercises below!