• Dutch grammar
    0%
  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure [0/12]
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs)

    Exercises

    0%
    1. Exercise to practice Dutch irregular verbs 1 Score -/-
    2. Exercise to practice Dutch irregular verbs 2 Score -/-

    Definition of irregular verbs

    Irregular verbs, also known as strong verbs, differ from the conjugation of the regular verbs (weak verbs). These verbs usually differ in the past simple tense and the past participle, and are conjugated differently. However, also in this are exceptions as you will see below. 

    Conjugation of irregular verbs

    The Dutch irregular verbs are conjugated the same way as the regular verbs in the present tense. Therefore, it is only necessary to remember: 

    • the past simple singular 
    • past simple plural  
    • past participle 

    Dutch has many different strong verbs, but they can be grouped together to make it easier to remember how to conjugate them. Take a look at the groupings in the past simple of the irregular verbs.  

    For the explanation of the different tenses: present simple, past simple, present perfect, past perfect, visit these pages. 

    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    Conjugation of completely irregular verbs

    The table below shows a list of Dutch irregular verbs. These are 6 completely irregular verbs.  

    Verb Translation Present simple (I-form) Past simple (I-form) Present perfect (I-form) Pastperfect(I-form)
    zijn to be ik ben ik was ik ben geweest ik was geweest
    hebben to have ik heb ik had ik heb gehad ik had gehad
    kunnen to be able to ik kan ik kon ik heb gekund ik had gekund
    mogen to be allowed to ik mag ik mocht ik heb gemogen ik had gemogen
    willen to want ik wil ik wilde ik heb gewild ik had gewild
    zullen to will ik zal ik zou ik heb gezuld* ik had gezuld*

    *'gezuld' is rarely used

    enlightenedGo to the present simple and past simple if you want the complete overview of the 6 completely irregular verbs. 

    Other exceptions of irregular verbs

    There are 5 other exceptions: 

    • 'Gaan' (to go) 
    • 'slaan' (to hit) 
    • 'staan' (to stand) 
    • 'zien' (to see) 
    • 'doen' (to do) 

    These are actually not completely irregular, but strong verbs. These Dutch verbs do not end in '-en', that is why they are mentioned them here.  

    1) Conjugation of 'gaan' (to go) 

    Subject Present simple Past simple Present perfect Past perfect
    Ik (I) ga ging ben gegaan was gegaan
    Jij, u (You) gaat ging bent gegaan was gegaan
    Hij, zij, het (He, she, it) gaat ging is gegaan was gegaan
    Wij (We) gaan gingen zijn gegaan waren gegaan
    Jullie (You) gaan gingen zijn gegaan waren gegaan
    Zij (They) gaan gingen zijn gegaan waren gegaan

    2) Conjugation of 'slaan' (to hit)

    Subject Present simple Past simple Present perfect Past perfect
    Ik sla sloeg heb geslagen had geslagen
    Jij, u slaat sloeg hebt geslagen had geslagen
    Hij, zij, het slaat sloeg heeft geslagen had geslagen
    Wij slaan sloegen hebben geslagen hadden geslagen
    Jullie slaan sloegen hebben geslagen hadden geslagen
    Zij slaan  sloegen hebben geslagen hadden geslagen

    3) Conjugation of 'staan' (to stand)

    Subject Present simple Past simple Present perfect Past perfect
    Ik sta stond heb gestaan had gestaan
    Jij, u staat stond hebt gestaan had gestaan
    Hij, zij, het staat stond heeft gestaan had gestaan
    Wij staan stonden hebben gestaan hadden gestaan
    Jullie staan stonden hebben gestaan hadden gestaan
    Zij staan stonden hebben gestaan hadden gestaan

    4) Conjugation of 'zien' (to see)

    Subject Present simple Past simple Present perfect Past perfect
    Ik zie zag heb gezien had gezien
    Jij, u ziet zag hebt gezien had gezien
    Hij, zij, het ziet zag heeft gezien had gezien
    Wij zien zagen hebben gezien hadden gezien
    Jullie zien zagen hebben gezien hadden gezien
    Zij zien zagen hebben gezien hadden gezien

    5) Conjugation of 'doen' (to do)

    Subject Present simple Past simple Present perfect Past perfect
    Ik doe deed heb gedaan had gedaan
    Jij, u doet deed hebt gedaan had gedaan
    Hij, zij, het doet  deed hebt gedaan had gedaan
    Wij doen deden hebben gedaan hadden gedaan
    Jullie doen deden hebben gedaan hadden gedaan
    Zij doen deden hebben gedaan hadden gedaan

    Irregularity in the stem of the verb komen

    The verb 'komen' (to come) has a regular conjugation. Only the stem is different than normally. 

    Subject Present simple Past simple
    Ik kom kwam
    Jij, u komt kwam
    Hij, zij, het komt kwam
    Wij komen kwamen
    Jullie komen kwamen
    Zij komen kwamen

    enlightenedAccording to the rule 'Long vowel verbs have long vowel stems', the stem of 'komen' should be 'koom', but in this case it has a short vowel stem 'kom'. 

    Train your skills by doing the exercises below! 

    Next lessons

    1 Conjugation of kunnen Learn all conjugations of kunnen.
    2 Conjugation of mogen Learn all the conjugations of the verb mogen.
    3 Conjugation of willen Learn all the conjugations of the verb willen.
    4 Conjugation of zullen Learn all the conjugations of the verb zullen.
    5 List of Dutch irregular verbs Learn tables of irregular verbs