• Dutch grammar
  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Past participle in Dutch

    Definition and usage of the Dutch past participle  

    The past participle is the form of verbs that is used to form the present perfect and past perfect tenses. It also helps to build the passive form. 

    1) The past participle of Dutch weak verbs 

    The following rule is used to form the past participle:   

    ge- (prefix) + stem + t/d (ending) 

    • Prefix: if the verb starts with a prefix '(ge-', 'be-', 'er-', 'her-', 'ver-' and 'ont-), the 'ge-' does not have to be added.   
    • Ending: To determine whether the past participle has a '-t' or '-d' ending, the stem of the verb is looked at.  If the consonant of the ending of the stem can be found in the word 't exKofschip, the past participle gets a '-t'. The other verbs end in '-d'  

    enlightenedKeep in mind: if the stem already ends in '-t' or '-d', the extra '-t' or '-d' of the part participle does not have to be added.  


    Weak verb Past participle Example Translation
    Leven (to live) Geleefd Zij heeft in Nederland geleefd.  She has lived in the Netherlands. 
    Antwoorden (to answer) Geantwoord Ik had gisteren op je e-mail geantwoord,  voor ik naar de supermarkt ging. I had answered your e-mail yesterday before I went to the supermarket. 
    Haten (to hate) Gehaat Zij worden op veel plekken gehaat.  They are hated in many places. 
    Werken (to work)  Gewerkt 

    Ik heb vandaag hard gewerkt. 

    I have worked hard today. 

    2) The past participle of Dutch strong verbs

    The following rule is used to form the past participle:  

    Ge- (prefix) + stem + -en (ending) 

    enlightenedHere again applies: if the verbs start with one of the prefixes:'ge-', 'be-', 'er-', 'her-', 'ver-' and 'ont-' the suffix 'ge-' does not have to be added. 


    Strong verbs Past participle Example Translation
    Lezen (to read) Gelezen Ik heb het hele artikel gelezen. I have read the whole article. 
    Eten (to eat) Gegeten Wij hebben bij dat nieuwe restaurant gegeten. We have eaten at that new restaurant. 
    Helpen (to help) Geholpen Zij hadden de leraar na school geholpen, voordat ze naar huis gingen.  They had helped the teacher after school, before they went home.
    Lopen (to walk) Gelopen Hij is naar de stad gelopen. He has walked to the city. 

    3) Dutch irregular verbs

    The table below shows you the past participle of the 6 Dutch irregular verbs

    Verb Past participle Example Translation
    hebben gehad Ik heb het erg naar mijn zin gehad. I have enjoyed myself very much.
    kunnen gekund Ik had toen naar school gekund.  I could have been able to go to school. 
    mogen gemogen Ik had dat niet gemogen. I would not have been allowed. 
    willen gewild Ik had daar graag naar toe gewild.  I would have liked to go there.
    zijn geweest Ik ben naar Spanje geweest. I have been to Spain.
    zullen gezuld Ik had naar werk gezuld. I shall have gone to work.

    enlightened'gezuld' is usually not used in Dutch. 

    Train your skills by doing the exercises about Dutch past tenses below!  


    Exercise to practice Dutch past participle (weak verbs)

    Exercise past participle in Dutch (completely irregular verbs)

    Exercise to practice the past participle (strong verbs)

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