• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Definition and usage of the Dutch conditional perfect 

    The Dutch conditional perfect is used to describe a future hypothetical situation in the past. At that point in time in the past, but the situation is already in the future. It is mostly used in an ‘if’ scenario. Besides that the conditional perfect is sometimes used to express doubt about a certain situation.  

    Situation Example Translation
    You want to describe a hypothetical situation in the past.
    • Als Kim beter had opgelet, zou ze hebben gemerkt dat niemand luisterde.  
    • Als ik wist dat je kwam, zou ik hebben gewacht.
    • If Kim had paid more attention, she would have noticed that no one was listening.
    • If I knew you were coming, I would have waited. 
    You want to express doubt about a certain situation or event. 
    • Zij zou zijn vreemdgegaan.  
    • Kim zou hebben afgekeken tijdens de toets.  
    • She would have been cheating.
    • Kim would have cheated during the test.

    Conjugation of the Dutch conditional perfect 

    The conjugation of the Dutch conditional perfect is very similar to the conjugation of future perfect tense. The following rule is used to form the conditional perfect: 

    ‘zouden’ (past tense of ‘zullen (to shall)) + hebben / zijn + past participle  

    Have a look at the table below to see how the conditional perfect is formed.  

    Subject Form Antwoorden (to answer) Wachten (to wait)
    Ik (I) zou + hebben / zijn + infinitive  zou hebben geantwoord zou hebben gewacht
    Jij (you) zou + hebben / zijn + infinitive  zou hebben geantwoord zou hebben gewacht
    Hij, zij, het (he, she, it) zou + hebben / zijn + infinitive  zou hebben geantwoord zou hebben gewacht
    Wij (we) zouden + hebben / zijn + infinitive  zouden hebben geantwoord zouden hebben gewacht
    Jullie (you) zouden + hebben / zijn + infinitive  zouden hebben geantwoord zouden hebben gewacht
    Zij (they) zouden + hebben / zijn + infinitive  zouden hebben geantwoord zouden hebben gewacht

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    'Hebben' or 'zijn'? 

    To form the conditional perfect, the verbs 'hebben' or 'zijn' are used in combination with a past participle. The verb 'hebben' (to have) is always used with the past participle to create the conditional perfect.
    In some cases the verb 'zijn'  (to be) is used:

    1) 'Zijn' is used together with these verbs in the past participle tense:

    • 'zijn' (to be)
    • 'worden' (to become)
    • 'blijven' (to remain)
    • 'blijken' (to appear)
    • 'lijken' (to seem)
    • 'heten' (to be named 
    • 'schijnen' (to appear)
    • 'dunken' (to seem)
    • 'voorkomen' (to prevent)

    2) and to form the past participle of verbs that express movement, development of change. For example:

    • 'beginnen' (to start)
    • 'gaan' (to go)
    • 'groeien' (to grow) 

    Train your skills by doing the exercises about the Dutch conditional perfect below!