Dutch conditional perfect
Definition and usage of the Dutch conditional perfect
The Dutch conditional perfect is used to describe a future hypothetical situation in the past. At that point in time in the past, but the situation is already in the future. It is mostly used in an ‘if’ scenario. Besides that the conditional perfect is sometimes used to express doubt about a certain situation.
|You want to describe a hypothetical situation in the past.||
|You want to express doubt about a certain situation or event.||
Conjugation of the Dutch conditional perfect
The conjugation of the Dutch conditional perfect is very similar to the conjugation of future perfect tense. The following rule is used to form the conditional perfect:
‘zouden’ (past tense of ‘zullen (to shall)) + hebben / zijn + past participle
Have a look at the table below to see how the conditional perfect is formed.
|Subject||Form||Antwoorden (to answer)||Wachten (to wait)|
|Ik (I)||zou + hebben / zijn + infinitive||zou hebben geantwoord||zou hebben gewacht|
|Jij (you)||zou + hebben / zijn + infinitive||zou hebben geantwoord||zou hebben gewacht|
|Hij, zij, het (he, she, it)||zou + hebben / zijn + infinitive||zou hebben geantwoord||zou hebben gewacht|
|Wij (we)||zouden + hebben / zijn + infinitive||zouden hebben geantwoord||zouden hebben gewacht|
|Jullie (you)||zouden + hebben / zijn + infinitive||zouden hebben geantwoord||zouden hebben gewacht|
|Zij (they)||zouden + hebben / zijn + infinitive||zouden hebben geantwoord||zouden hebben gewacht|
'Hebben' or 'zijn'?
To form the conditional perfect, the verbs 'hebben' or 'zijn' are used in combination with a past participle. The verb 'hebben' (to have) is always used with the past participle to create the conditional perfect.
In some cases the verb 'zijn' (to be) is used:
1) 'Zijn' is used together with these verbs in the past participle tense:
- 'zijn' (to be)
- 'worden' (to become)
- 'blijven' (to remain)
- 'blijken' (to appear)
- 'lijken' (to seem)
- 'heten' (to be named
- 'schijnen' (to appear)
- 'dunken' (to seem)
- 'voorkomen' (to prevent)
2) and to form the past participle of verbs that express movement, development of change. For example:
- 'beginnen' (to start)
- 'gaan' (to go)
- 'groeien' (to grow)
Train your skills by doing the exercises about the Dutch conditional perfect below!
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Dutch language lessons from beginner to advanced
I teach: Dutch
Hi! I live in Germany since 2014, I live in the Frankfurt am Main area. I teach German to refugees since the beginning of 2017 and I have been... teaching Dutch at several language schools, at peoples homes and in-house at several companies. I passed the C1-level Test for German at the Goethe Institut. It is my goal to adapt my lessons as much as possible to the wishes of the student. This means that, besides offering regular learning methods, I am open to initiatives like talking about subjects that are of interest to the student, for example reading and discussing articles, watching and discussing educational videos and/or current happenings in the world. I look forward to meeting you online! Read more
English and Dutch Classes
I teach: Dutch, English
Hello!My name is Danique de Jong and I am a 20 year old student living in the Netherlands. I am Dutch, but grew up in Austria, Germany and... Portugal and I speak English and Dutch fluently and German proficiently. I am currently studying to become an international primary school teacher. Additionally, I currently tutor several students in my neighborhood for math and English. Growing up in many cultures and learning several languages, means I can teach you about the grammar, spelling, sentence structure etc. of a language, as well as the cultural influences on the langauge.I offer a trial lesson to get to know each other, determine what I can do for you and create a plan. I really enjoy teaching other people so I hope you'll join me for a lesson. Read more
Dutch and Spanish teacher.
I teach: Dutch, Spanish
Hi, I'm Adriaan. I have been teaching for seven years Dutch and Spanish to students of all levels, from absolute beginners to students who... only need conversation. My students are of all ages, from 9 to 76 years old and from all continents. With each student I create a Google doc in which I put all the grammatical information, exercises and homework after each class. I can help you if you want to learn the language for fun, for work, or to prepare for an exam. Languages are my passion! See you soon! Read more