• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch Score -/-
    2. Exercise to practice Dutch separable and inseparable verbs Score -/-

    Definition and usage of separable verbs in Dutch

    Separable verbs are a combination of a verb and a prefix, for example: 'aantrekken' (to put on). The verb and the prefix can sometimes be separated in a sentence.  

    In the present and past tenses, the first part of the separable verb is situated at the end of the sentence and the second part, the verb, takes its usual place. 

    The past participle of the separable verbs is formed by putting '-ge-' between the suffix and the verb. For example, the past participle of 'opgeven' (to give up) is 'opgegeven' (given up) 

    Example

    Separable verb Translation Example Translation
    Aantrekken To put on Ik trek mijn schoenen niet aan vandaag.  I will not put my shoes on today. 
    Volstoppen To stuff Ze stopt de tas vol met snoep. She stuffs the bag with candy. 
    Binnenkomen To enter Kim komt de kamer binnen. Kim enters the room. 

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    Definition and usage of inseparable verbs in Dutch

    An inseparable verb has the same present simple and present past as every other regular verb. The past participle is different, because the prefix replaces the prefix 'ge-', which you usually get when forming the past participle. 

    prefix + stem + d/t 

    E.g. The verb 'bedreigen' (to threaten), will be 'ik heb bedreigd' (I have threatened) 

    Examples 

    Inseparable verb Translation  Example Translation
    Doorstaan To endure Wij doorstaan de tocht door de woestijn. We endure the trip through the desert. 
    Omhelzen To hug De meisjes omhelzen elkaar. The girls hug each other. 
    Ondertekenen To sign Wij ondertekenen het contract morgen. We will sign the contract tomorrow. 

    How do you know whether a verb is separable or inseparable?  

    You have to listen to the verb. Separable verbs have stressed prefixes and inseparable verbs have stressed verbs. Besides that, inseparable verbs can only appear with certain prefixes: 

    • 'mis-' (miss) 
    • 'vol-' (full) 
    • 'onder-' (under) 
    • 'weer' (again) 
    • 'aan-' (on) 
    • 'acher-' (behind) 
    • 'over-' (over) 
    • 'door-' (through) 
    • 'voor' (for) 
    • 'om-'  (around)  

    Separable verbs can also begin with the previous listed prefixes. Verbs that start with the prefixes:  

    • 'bij-' (at) 
    • 'in-' (in) 
    • 'na-' (after) 
    • 'uit-' (out) 
    • 'op-' (on) 
    • 'af-' (off) 
    •  'mee-'  (with) 
    • 'tegen-' (against) 
    • 'tussen-' (between) 
    • 'terug-' (back) 

    Train your skills with the exercises below!