The Dutch present perfect is used to express an action or event that happened in the past and already ended. This is actually very similar to the simple past and often mixed up by the Dutch themselves.
The present perfect does not have rules for when to use it, but only tips for guidance when to use this tense.
|To express an action or event in the past that ended.|
The verb 'hebben' (to have) is always used with the past participle to create a present perfect sentence.
In some cases the verb 'zijn' (to be) is used:
- To form the past participle of the link verbs:
- and to form the past participle of verbs that express movement, development of change. For example:
The next rule is used to form the past participle of weak verbs:
ge- (prefix) + stem + t/d (ending
If the stem already ends in '-t' or '-d', the extra '-t' or '-d' does not have to be added.
The table below shows examples of forming the present perfect with the verb 'hebben' (to have) and a verb ending in '-d' and ending in '-t'.
|Subject||Form||antwoorden (to answer)||wachten (to wait)|
|Ik (I)||heb + past participle||heb geantwoord||heb gewacht|
|Jij, u (You)||hebt + past participle||hebt geantwoord||hebt gewacht|
|Hij, zij, het (He, she, it)||heeft + past participle||heeft geantwoord||heeft gewacht|
|Wij (We)||hebben + past participle||hebben geantwoord||hebben gewacht|
|Jullie (You)||hebben + past participle||hebben geantwoord||hebben gewacht|
|Zij (They)||hebben + past participle||hebben geantwoord||hebben gewacht|
The next formula is used to form the past participle of strong verbs:
ge- (prefix) + stem + -en (ending)
Remember: if the verbs begin with the prefixes: 'ge-', 'be-', 'er-', 'her-', 'ver-' and 'ont-' the 'ge-' does not have to be added.
The table below shows examples of forming the present perfect with the verb 'zijn' (to be) and the past participle.
|Subject||Form||beginnen (to start)||sterven (to die)|
|Ik||ben + past participle||ben begonnen||ben gestorven|
|Jij, u||bent + past participle||bent begonnen||bent gestorven|
|Hij, zij, het||is + past participle||is begonnen||is gestorven|
|Wij||zijn + past participle||zijn begonnen||zijn gestorven|
|Jullie||zijn + past participle||zijn begonnen||zijn gestorven|
|Zij||zijn + past participle||zijn begonnen||zijn gestorven|
Strong verbs that have an 'i' in the infinitive, get an 'o' in the past form.
Strong verbs that have an 'e' in the infinitive, get 'o' in the past form.
Train your skills by doing the exercises below!
Learn to communicate in Dutch from the first lesson! Enjoyable classes with teaching materials tailored to your needs. First 30 min. class for free. My name is Karin and I'm from Holland, but I live on the Canary Islands. I love teaching DUTCH and have done so for more than 20 years. I have a Diploma in English Philology. I also have two methodology degrees: the CELTA (Certificate of English Language Teaching to Adults of the University of Cambridge) and the FCTBE (Foundation Certificate for Teachers of Business English of the London Chamber of Commerce and Industry).
I have taught at a Business School and ten companies. In the last two years I've mainly been giving private lessons and I've developed a variety of online self-study DUTCH courses. My schedule is flexible and I adapt myself to the needs and interests of my students so that they reach their objectives in the shortest possible time.
Enjoyable classes, with teaching materials tailored to your needs.
How do the classes work? A class lasts 45 minutes. I'll send you the materials we are going to use in class beforehand so you can print them. After the class I'll send you audios of the notes we made, vocabulary etc. My speciality is communication, from beginner level to advanced. So, you will speak some Dutch in the first class already! Why wait any longer? Let's get started! :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
My name is Anco Peeters,. I am born in The Netherlands and a native speaker of the Dutch language..
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I am also an NLP Practitioner
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Would love to see you for a trial lesson
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
I want to help people to improve the level of their chosen language.
Thank you Thibaut for your kind words. It was a pleasure to be able to help you.
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I am from a small country in Europe called the Netherlands
I am a TEFL certified English teacher with experience in teaching both children and adults.
Although I am a non-native speaker, I have learned English since high school, and practicing it on a daily basis from then on
I have over 30 years of working experience in several international companies on a high professional work and think level.
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Thank you for your kind review Astrid. I hope we will have many fun and educational lessons together.
As non-native parents it is certainly not easy to teach your children Dutch or to help with the fluency of the new language. Who wants some extra exercise for his children? I can help you with that. As their vocabulary becomes more and more extensive and their sentences become increasingly fluid, your children will get more and more self-confident. To speak well the Dutch language will surely benefit them now and later.
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Even as non-native-speaking adults, it is sometimes difficult to have enough exercise. That is why also adults who want to make progress in speaking the Dutch language are welcome here! We can practice the everyday language together.
I was born in the Netherlands and was living there for most of my life. I did a bachelor in Economics and Languages. That means I can help anyone with Dutch. From Recreational to Business use of Dutch, I will make sure we get to your goals.
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There's a lot of information on that method online. Basically it's getting to know the structure Dutch and English through simple conversation. (questions about 1 or several sentences on any topic)
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Your needs and progress as a student are central.
Please indicate before the first lesson what you would like to work on so that I can prepare myself for the lesson. A number of options are:
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As a beginner you start with the basics, the alphabet and some basic words. We extend this so that you can start simple conversations in situations of everyday life and that you become an advanced!
It took me a long time to find my real passion in my (work) life. After studying in two universities, graduating in two bachelors, travelling the world and working abroad for several years I realized public education is where my heart lies. I went for the third time back to the university to get my teachers degree.
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