Dutch reflexive pronouns (wederkerend voornaamwoord)
The Dutch reflexive pronouns are used to indicate that the subject and object in a sentence are the same person. There are two forms of reflexive pronouns in Dutch, stressed and unstressed. However, the stressed form with 'zelf' is not used very often.
|Stressed reflexive pronoun||Unstressed reflexive pronoun||Translation|
In the table you will find examples of the reflexive pronouns and their translations.
|Zichzelf (hij), zich (hij)||
|Zichzelf (zij), zich (zij)||
|Zichzelf (het), zich (het)||
|Jezelf (jullie), je (jullie)||
|Zichzelf (zij), zich (zij)||
2) How to use the Dutch reciprocal pronoun?
To express the reciprocity of action, 'each other' is translated by:
- ‘elkaar’ in Dutch
- ‘mekaar’ (familiar).
- We hebben elkaar 15 jaar geleden ontmoet. = We met 15 years ago. (each other)
- Ze misten elkaar = They missed each other.
- We geloofden in elkaar = We believed in each other.
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