• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure [0/12]
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • Dutch reflexive pronouns (wederkerend voornaamwoord)

    Exercises

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    1. Exercise Dutch reflexive pronouns (stressed) Score -/-
    2. Exercise Dutch reflexive pronouns (unstressed) Score -/-

    The Dutch reflexive pronouns are used to indicate that the subject and object in a sentence are the same person. There are two forms of reflexive pronouns in Dutch, stressed and unstressed. However, the stressed form with 'zelf' is not used very often.  

    Stressed reflexive pronoun Unstressed reflexive pronoun Translation
    Mezelf Me Myself
    Jezelf Je Yourself
    Uzelf Zich Yourself
    Zichzelf Zich Himself
    Zichzelf Zich Herself
    Zichzelf Zich Itself
    Onszelf Ons Ourselves
    Jezelf Je Yourselves
    Zichzelf Zich Themselves

    In the table you will find examples of the reflexive pronouns and their translations.

    Reflexive pronoun Example Translation
    Mezelf, me
    • Ik heb mezelf gewassen. 
    • Ik heb me verslapen.
    • I have washed myself. 
    • I overslept. 
    Jezelf, je
    • Je hebt jezelf buitengesloten.  
    • Je hebt je omgekleed.  
    • You have locked yourself out. 
    • You have changed your clothes.   
    Uzelf, zich
    • Hebt u uzelf bezeerd? 
    • Heeft u zich gewassen? 
    • Have you hurt yourself?  
    • Have you washed yourself? 
    Zichzelf (hij), zich (hij)
    • Hij heeft zichzelf geschoren vanochtend.  
    • Hij versliep zich.  
    • He has shaved this morning. 
    •  He overslept.  
    Zichzelf (zij), zich (zij)
    • Kim heeft zichzelf opgemaakt.  
    • Zij heeft zich misdragen gister.  
    • Kim did her make-up.  
    • She misbehaved yesterday.  
    Zichzelf (het), zich (het)
    • Het lost zichzelf meestal op.  
    • Als het zich nog een keer voordoet, ondernemen we actie.  
    • It usually works out in the end.  
    • If it occurs again, we take action.  
    Onszelf, ons
    • We hebben onszelf vermaakt.  
    • Wij hebben ons verloofd.  
    • We have entertained ourselves.  
    • We got engaged.  
    Jezelf (jullie), je (jullie)
    • Jullie hebben jezelf uitgenodigd op het feest. 
    • Jullie hadden je goed schuilgehouden.  
    • You have invited yourselves to the party.  
    • You have kept yourselves well hidden.  
    Zichzelf (zij), zich (zij)
    • Zij  verwondden zichzelf aan een glasscherf.  
    • Kim en Loes verheugen zich op het feest.  
    • They wounded themselves because of a glass shard.  
    • Kim and Loes are looking forward to the party.  

    2) How to use the Dutch reciprocal pronoun?

    To express the reciprocity of action, 'each other' is translated by:

    • ‘elkaar’ in Dutch
    • ‘mekaar’ (familiar).

    For example:

    • We hebben elkaar 15 jaar geleden ontmoet. = We met 15 years ago. (each other)
    • Ze misten elkaar = They missed each other.
    • We geloofden in elkaar = We believed in each other.

    Train your skills with the exercises below.