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List of Dutch irregular verbs

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Complete list of irregular verbs in Dutch

These 'primitive tenses' must be known by heart if you want to be able to conjugate irregular verbs correctly in Dutch. Verbs highlighted in yellow are always accompanied by the auxiliary 'zijn'.

InfinitivePast simplePast participleTranslation

  bakken

bakte

gebakken

bake

  bedriegen

bedroog

bedrogen

dupe

  beginnen

begon

begonnen

begin, start

  beschrijvenbeschreefbeschrevendescribe
  besluitenbeslootbeslotendecide
  bestaanbestondbestaanexist

  bevelen

beval, bevalen

bevolen

order, command

  bewegenbewoogbewogenmove
  bezoekenbezochtbezochtvisit

  bidden

bad, baden

gebeden

pray

  bieden

bood

geboden

offer, present

  bijten

beet

gebeten

bite

  binden

bond

gebonden

tie up, bind

  blazen

blies

geblazen

blow

  blijken

bleek

gebleken

appear

  blijven

bleef

gebleven

stay, remain

  blinken

blonk

geblonken

glow

  breken

brak, braken

gebroken

break

  brengen

bracht

gebracht

bring

  buigen

boog

gebogen

bend

  denken

dacht

gedacht

think

  doen

deed

gedaan

do

  dragen

droeg

gedragen

support, bear / wear

  drijven

dreef

gedreven

float / drive

  drinken

dronk

gedronken

drink

  duiken

dook

gedoken

dive

  dwingen

dwong

gedwongen

force, oblige

  eten

at , aten

gegeten

eat

  fluiten

floot

gefloten

flute

  gaan

ging

gegaan

go

  gelden

gold

gegolden

count

  genezen

genas, genazen

genezen

heal, cure

  genieten

genoot

genoten

enjoy

  geven

gaf, gaven

gegeven

give

  gieten

goot

gegoten

pour

  glijden

gleed

gegleden

slide

  glimmen

glom

geglommen

glow, glisten

  graven

groef

gegraven

dig

  grijpen

greep

gegrepen

grab

  hangen

hing

gehangen

hang

  hebben

had

gehad

have

  heffen

hief

geheven

lift, raise

  helpen

hielp

geholpen

help

  heten

heette

geheten

be named

  houden

hield

gehouden

hold

  jagen

joeg

gejaagd

hunt

  kiezen

koos

gekozen

choose

  kijken

keek

gekeken

see, look

  klimmen

klom

geklommen

climb

  klinken

klonk

geklonken

sound

  komen

kwam

gekomen

come

  kopen

kocht

gekocht

buy

  krijgen

kreeg

gekregen

receive

  krimpen

kromp

gekrompen

contract, shrink

  kruipen

kroop

gekropen

crawl

  kunnen

kon, konden

gekund

be able to

  lachen

lachte

gelachen

laugh

  laden

laadde

geladen

load

  laten

liet

gelaten

let

  lezen

las, lazen

gelezen

read

  liegen

loog

gelogen

lie (tell lies)

  liggen

lag, lagen

gelegen

lie (be laid)

  lijden

leed

geleden

suffer

  lijken

leek

geleken

look like

  lopen

liep

gelopen

walk

  meten

mat, maten

gemeten

measure

  moeten

moest

gemoeten

have to

  mogen

mocht

gemogen

be allowed to

  nemen

nam, namen

genomen

take

  ontbijtenontbeetontbetenhave breakfast

  ontmoeten

ontmoette

ontmoet

meet

  ontvangenontvingontvangenreceive, welcome

  prijzen

prees

geprezen

praise

  raden

raadde

geraden

guess

  rijden

reed

gereden

drive

  roepen

riep

geroepen

call, shout

  ruiken

rook

geroken

smell

  scheiden

scheidde

gescheiden

separate, divorce

  schelden

schold

gescholden

rail

  schenken

schonk

geschonken

donate

  scheppen

schiep

geschapen

create

  scheren

schoor

geschoren

shave

  schieten

schoot

geschoten

shoot, kick

  schijnen

scheen

geschenen

shine

  schrijven

schreef

geschreven

spell

  schrikken

schrok

geschrokken

be scared

  schuiven

schoof

geschoven

shove

  slaan

sloeg

geslagen

hit, strike

  slapen

sliep

geslapen

sleep

  slijten

sleet

gesleten

wear

  sluiten

sloot

gesloten

close, shut

  smelten

smolt

gesmolten

melt

  smijten

smeet

gesmeten

throw

  snijden

sneed

gesneden

cut, slice

  snuiven

snoof

gesnoven

snort

  spannen

spande

gespannen

tauten

  spijtenhet speet (me)het heeft (me) gespetenregret

  splijten

spleet

gespleten

split

  spreken

sprak, spraken

gesproken

speak

  springen

sprong

gesprongen

jump

  spuiten

spoot

gespoten

eruct

  staan

stond

gestaan

stand

  steken

stak, staken

gestoken

sting

  stelen

stal, stalen

gestolen

steal

  sterven

stierf

gestorven

die

  stijgen

steeg

gestegen

rise

  strijden

streed

gestreden

compete

  strijken

streek

gestreken

iron

  treden

trad, traden

getreden

step

  treffen

trof

getroffen

encounter

  trekken

trok

getrokken

pull

  vallen

viel

gevallen

fall

  vangen

ving

gevangen

catch

  varen

voer

gevaren

sail

  vechten

vocht

gevochten

fight

  verbergenverborgverborgenhide
  verbiedenverboodverbodenforbid
  verbindenverbondverbondenconnect, join
  verblijvenverbleefverblevenstay

  verdwijnen

verdween

verdwenen

disappear

  vergelijkenvergeleekvergelekencompare

  vergeten

vergat

vergeten

forget

  verkopenverkochtverkochtsell
  verlatenverlietverlatenleave

  verliezen

verloor

verloren

lose

  verschijnen verscheenverschenenappear
  verslijtenversleetversletenwear
  verslindenverslondverslondendevour
  verstaanverstondverstaanunderstand
  vertrekkenvertrokvertrokkenleave
  verzendenverzondverzondensubmit, ship

  verzinnen

verzon

verzonnen

invent, make up

  vinden

vond

gevonden

find

  vliegen

vloog

gevlogen

fly

  voorzienvoorzagvoorzienforesee

  vragen

vroeg

gevraagd

ask

  vriezen

vroor

gevroren

freeze

  wassen

waste

gewassen

wash

  wegen

woog

gewogen

weigh

  werpen

wierp

geworpen

throw

  weten

wist

geweten

know

  wijten

weet

geweten

blame, attribute to

  wijzen

wees

gewezen

point, indicate

  willenwilde/wou, wildengewildwant

  winnen

won

gewonnen

win

  worden

werd

geworden

become

  wreken

wreekte

gewroken

avenge

  wrijven

wreef

gewreven

chafe

  wringen

wrong

gewrongen

writhe

  zeggen

zei, zeiden

gezegd

say

  zenden

zond

gezonden

send

  zien

zag, zagen

gezien

see

  zijn

was, waren

geweest

be

  zingen

zong

gezongen

sing

  zinken

zonk

gezonken

sink

  zitten

zat, zaten

gezeten

sit

  zoeken

zocht

gezocht

search

  zuigen

zoog

gezogen

suck

  zullenzou, zouden/will

  zwellen

zwol

gezwollen

bloat

  zwemmen

zwom

gezwommen

swim

  zweren

zwoer

gezworen

swear

  zwerven

zwierf

gezworven

ramble

  zwijgen

zweeg

gezwegen

be silent

enlightenedTo get the plural form of the past simple, just add '-en' to the singular form.

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4.94/5
Elena is an excellent teacher and a very nice person. I have been training in Spanish with Elena for quite some time now after her being recommended to me by a friend, and have consistently been very pleased with our lessons. While I do not consider myself to be very good at learning foreign languages, Elena is very patient and adapts the lessons to my ability, making me feel at ease. In fact, I find her to be extremely skilled at assessing exactly where I am at any given time with respect to my individual learning situation, and structuring the lessons accordingly. I think I probably would have given up trying to learn Spanish had I not began my study with Elena; and that would have been a shame considering where I am now with the language. Because of Elena's skilled help, I am extremely pleased to not only be conversant in basic Spanish, but also have confidence that I will one day reach full proficiency with the language. No other learning method I tried before meeting Elena compares to the one-on-one, personalized instruction I receive from her, which comprises reading; writing; developmental exercises; and most importantly, conversation. To be able to look at Spanish now and have it appear largely familiar is extremely satisfying. I even plan to study Italian with Elena after reaching my desired level in Spanish. These are not things I ever imagined would occur at the beginning stages of my studies. I am a native English speaker and find Elena's English to be excellent. She had no difficulty instructing me from the very beginning levels where it was necessary that a lot of English be spoken in our lessons, to where we are now with much less English being spoken. The friend who recommended Elena to me learned Dutch from her, and is equally pleased with their experience. I would not hesitate to learn from Elena any of the languages she teaches. I give Elena my highest recommendations and thank her for all the help she has provided me.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
5/5
Hands down one of the best teachers I've had the pleasure of working with. Very knowledgeable in all aspects of Bulgarian (grammar rules, expressions, ...) but also in both English and French, which helps whenever you have a more in-depth question on the how or why something is the way it is in Bulgarian. Furthermore he has his own material and always comes prepared, but he is equally open to changing the subject of a lesson to suit your needs. He is patient, positive and not too scholarly, which is what you need as an adult learning day- to- day Bulgarian.I have been working with him for 18 months now and still look forward to our lessons every week.
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
5/5
Again a lesson full of fun anf full of learning opportunities. I really like Angels patience and ability to adapt to my learning process.
This student is one of the best ones I ever had in my long teaching career. She is always so diligent and willing to learn more and more. I am so happy to work with her and see the immense progress she has made since we first started working together. Thank you Silke!
5/5
I would highly recommend Tove. Her lessons are fantastic and I learn exactly what I'm interested in. Tove is very friendly, our chemistry goes well together and I really enjoy being tought by her.
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
5/5
We are an Italian family residing in France for 3 months, we have two 10 year old children who have just started attending CM1. We asked Natalia to give the children two lessons a week to speed up their learning. We are super happy with the choice. Nous sommes une famille italienne résidant en France depuis janvier, nous avons deux enfants de 10 ans qui viennent de commencer la CM1. Nous avons demandé à Natalia de leur donner deux leçons par semaine pour accélérer leur apprentissage. Nous sommes super contents de Natalia. We are an Italian family living in France since 3 months, we have two 10 year old children who have just started attending CM1. We asked Natalia to give the kids two lessons a week to speed up their learning. We are super happy with this choice.
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Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
5/5
Daniela is a very pleasant and brisk teacher who has the talent to make you feel at ease immediately. Her lessons are a nice mix of conversation and theory. Again and again it is a nice hour to look forward to !! Thank you Daniela !!
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Dear Hilde, thank you very much for your words. I'm glad you are satisfied with our time together. I will continue to do my best to make you practice your beautiful Italian in a cheerful and peaceful way :-)
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5/5
It is always a pleasure to have English lessons with Corinne. The lessons are always a lot of fun and extremely interesting concerning on current affairs and unfortunately the time always ends too early. Very recommended.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
5/5
Carmen is really prepared and very very nice. She takes you by the hand and introduces you to portuguese language in a really pleasant way. I learned 3-4 sentences already on the first lesson!
Fabia is a very nice student and learns very quickly. It is a pleasure to teach her as she really likes to learn a difficult language like Portuguese and improved a lot.
5/5
It was very nice to take a lesson from Theano (Anny). She is adaptable to the student's level and is prepared to help the student as necessary. She is a friendly and caring teacher!
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
5/5
Marissa is a very professional teacher who can put the student at ease. It is precise, effective and oriented towards achieving the objectives: highly recommended.
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Thanks so much Paola!!! I LOVE working with you guys and have enjoyed every moment. Even after this brief period, we can already start to see some changes. :-)
5/5
I have had many lessons with Luisa and I always look forward to them. We begin by chatting about the past week's events and them move to Espresso which I find very useful as a good review of material I have done in the past. There is often additional words used I had not met before. Luisa is always a pleasure to talk with and is a kind and pleasant teacher. She corrects me gently and offers useful words or meanings when appropriate.
Dear Martin thank you so much ! It's my pleasure taking class with you. And thanks a lot for your suggestion about Us movies ( Just Mercy) or Us books
5/5
I had my first lesson a couple of days ago and everything went super good! Karin was attentive, transmiting her positivism and helping me with every doubt I had. She really focus on teaching how to pronounce and talk a language, so this is really interesting for me, to practise it & be able to use it in my day by day. I really recommend her to everyone willing to learn a new language :)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
5/5
A prepared and kind teacher, ready to teach with patience and good humor. He provided me with very useful materials to study and review even after the lesson. I recommend it to anyone who wants to learn a language with a smile. Thanks Silvia :)
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Thank you so much for the Chiara review! It was a real pleasure to have this lesson with you. I wish you a nice trip with the German language!
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5/5
The lesson with Celia was perfect! She was puntcual, kind and her teaching method is effective and funny. She started the class with some "games" to get to know eachother and then we discussed about an article she provided. The time of the class passed really fast and I learned new vocabulary. Absolutely raccomended.
Thank you so much, Remark! I´m happy to know you enjoyed our lesson and I´m looking forward to having more in the near future! Cheers!
5/5
Ekaterina writes new words and sentences learnt during the lesson. She has got a very nice attitude and great accent! A pleasure to work with... yes, even in German!!!!!
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
5/5