Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs)
What is a regular verb in Dutch?
The regular verbs, also called 'weak verbs', are the verbs that have no change of vowel in the stem in a different tense.
Conjugation of Dutch regular verbs
To be able to conjugate a regular verb, you need to know the stem of the verb. Dutch regular verbs always end in '-en'. The stem is found when you leave out the '-en' part.
stem = infinitive without '-en'
There are some extra rules to keep in mind when finding the stem:
1. Long vowel verbs have long vowel stems.
The verb lopen (to walk) : the I-form will be 'ik loop' instead of 'ik lop'.
2. The stem never ends with two identical consonants, therefore, the last one will just disappear.
The verb pakken (to grab) : the I-form will be 'ik pak' instead of 'ik pakk'.
3. The stem cannot end in v or z.
The verb leven (to live): the I-form will be 'ik leef' instead of 'ik lev'.
This is an example of the long vowel stem and a stem ending on a v.
4. Infinitives that end in '-iën' have a stem that ends in '-ie'.
The verb ruziën (to argue) : the I-form will be 'ik ruzie' instead of 'ik ruzi'.
The table below shows you some of the common regular verbs and the conjugation of these verbs in different tenses.
|Verb||Translation||Present simple (I-form)||Past simple||Present perfect (I-form)||Past perfect (I-form)|
|antwoorden||to answer||ik antwoord||antwoordde(n)||ik heb geantwoord||ik had geantwoord|
|bedanken||to thank||ik bedank||bedankte(n)||ik heb bedankt||ik had bedankt|
|horen||to hear||ik hoor||hoorde(n)||ik heb gehoord||ik had gehoord|
|oefenen||to practice||ik oefen||oefende(n)||ik heb geoefend||ik had geoefend|
|luisteren||to listen||ik luister||luisterde(n)||ik heb geluisterd||ik had geluisterd|
|pakken||to grab||ik pak||pakte(n)||ik heb gepakt||ik had gepakt|
|reizen||to travel||ik reis||reisde(n)||ik heb gereisd||ik had gereisd|
|sturen||to send||ik stuur||stuurde(n)||ik heb gestuurd||ik had gestuurd|
|vertellen||to tell||ik vertel||vertelde(n)||ik heb verteld||ik had verteld|
|zwaaien||to wave||ik zwaai||zwaaide(n)||ik heb gezwaaid||ik had gezwaaid|
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