• Dutch grammar
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  • 1 Dutch alphabet [0/2]
  • 2 Dutch pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Dutch sentence structure
  • 4 Dutch articles (de, het, een) [0/2]
  • 5 Dutch nouns [0/8]
  • 6 Dutch pronouns [0/12]
  • 7 Dutch prepositions [0/9]
  • 8 Dutch adjectives [0/6]
  • 9 Dutch adverbs [0/16]
  • 10 Dutch verbs [0/27]
  • 10.1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') [0/2]
  • 10.2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) [0/2]
  • 10.4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.5 Dutch modal verbs [0/2]
  • 10.6 Dutch reflexive verbs [0/2]
  • 10.7 Dutch auxiliary verbs [0/2]
  • 10.8 Active and passive voice in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.10 Present participle in Dutch [0/2]
  • 10.11 Past participle in Dutch [0/3]
  • 10.12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) [0/2]
  • 10.13 Dutch gerund [0/2]
  • 10.14 Dutch verb list
  • 11 Dutch verb conjugation and tenses [0/34]
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 1 (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise to practice Dutch verb conjugation and tenses 2 (Score -/-)Free
  • 11.1 Dutch present simple (onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.2 Dutch past simple (onvoltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.3 Dutch present perfect (voltooid tegenwoordige tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.4 Dutch past perfect (voltooid verleden tijd) [0/4]
  • 11.5 Dutch future simple [0/4]
  • 11.6 Dutch future perfect [0/4]
  • 11.7 Dutch conditional tense [0/4]
  • 11.8 Dutch conditional perfect [0/4]
  • What is a verb in Dutch?

    Verbs are used to describe someone, something that can be performed, or an event that is happening. Examples of Dutch verbs are:

    • 'lopen' (to walk)
    • 'koken' (to cook)
    • 'fietsen' (to cycle)

    The verbs in Dutch conjugate to the tense it is in and the subject the verb is related to.

    In the subchapters of this course you can learn about the conjugation of the verbs in different tenses, the Dutch modal verbs, the Dutch infinitives, regular and irregular verbs, the imperative in Dutch and at the end you will find a list of Dutch verbs. 

    Conjugation of Dutch verbs

    You will learn about the conjugation of Dutch verbs in the 8 different tenses.

    • Ik hoor je. (I hear you.)
    • Ik hoorde je. (I heard you.)
    • Ik heb je gehoord. (I have heard you.)

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    Modal verbs

    The Dutch modal verbs add a certain attitude towards another verb in the sentence. There are 6 modal verbs, which are always found in the beginning of the sentence. 

    • Ik moet je horen. (I must hear you.)
    • Ik kan je horen. (I am able to hear you.)

    The infinitive

    Most Dutch infinitives end in '-en'. Some infinitives are used with 'te' and some are used without 'te'.

    • Je bent te horen. (You can be heard.)
    • Ik wil je horen. (I want to hear you.)

    Regular verbs and their rules

    The Dutch regular verbs do not have a change in vowel in the stem when they are conjugated to the different tenses. 

    • Ik hoor. (I hear)
    • Ik hoorde. (I heard)

    Irregular verbs and their rules

    The Dutch irregular verbs usually differ in the past simple and past participle, and are conjugated differently.

    • Ik lees. (I read)
    • Ik las. (I read)
    • Ik heb gelezen. (I have read)

    The imperative

    The Dutch imperative is used to give an order or command. 

    • Doe dicht. (Close it.)
    • Niet openen. (Do not open.)

    The 100 most common Dutch verbs

    In the table you will find a list of 100 common used verbs in Dutch. 

    enlightenedIf you study these chapters, you will improve your Dutch speaking and writing skills. There are exercises in every chapter to practice what you have learned in that chapter. 

    Next lessons

    1 Dutch infinitive (verbs with and without 'te') Learn the Dutch infinitive with this grammar overview and exercises.
    2 Dutch regular verbs (weak verbs) Learn the Dutch regular verbs with this free grammar course.
    3 Dutch irregular verbs (strong verbs) Learn the Dutch irregular verbs with an overview of the grammar rules
    4 Dutch imperative (gebiedende wijs) Learn the Dutch imperative with an overview of the grammar rules.
    5 Dutch modal verbs Learn the Dutch modal verbs with an overview of the grammar rules
    6 Dutch reflexive verbs Learn all about the reflexive verbs.
    7 Dutch auxiliary verbs Learn all about the Dutch auxiliary verbs.
    8 Active and passive voice in Dutch Learn the Dutch active and passive voice with this overview.
    9 Separable and inseparable verbs in Dutch Learn the Dutch separable and inseparable verbs with this grammar course.
    10 Present participle in Dutch Learn the Dutch present participle.
    11 Past participle in Dutch Learn the Dutch past participle with this grammar course.
    12 Dutch subjunctive (aanvoegende wijs) Learn the Dutch subjunctive with this grammar overview.
    13 Dutch gerund Learn the Dutch gerund with this overview of the grammar
    14 Dutch verb list A list of the 100 common verbs in Dutch