What are nouns?
Nouns are words used to refer or identify people, animals, qualities, things, places, and ideas. Majority of nouns have no gender with only a few easily detectable exceptions we will explore here. In this page, we will summarize the main noun rules, types, and ways to form them.
|People||Inna bought this last night.|
|Animal||Cats are interesting creatures.|
|Qualities||This champagne is of the highest quality.|
|Things||Put it on the table.|
|Places||Let's go to New York soon!|
|Ideas||Breaking the rules is bad.|
Gender of nouns
While in many other languages gender distinctions are obligatory for grammatical correctness for a majority of the English nouns there is no distinction between them. However, there are few exceptions of nouns that can only identify a male, female or neutral gender.
Gender of nouns list
|Nephew||Niece||Child of your brother/sister|
Without prior practice or knowledge of the English language, it might be harder to identify nouns or form different versions of them. Through the use of prefixes and suffixes, one can easily identify them in a text.
|Re-||When something repeats||Re-examination|
|Anti-||When something is against||Antidote, antihero|
|Pre-||When something was in the past||Prehistory, predetermination|
|Mis-||When something is wrong or there's a mistake||Miscommunication, misuse|
|Co-||When there is a union between things||Co-owner, cooperation|
|Under-||When something is not enough||Undervalue, understatement|
|Out-||When something is more or higher than other||Outperformance|
|Inter-||When something is between things||Interface, interaction|
|Over-||When something is too much||Overbooking|
|Trans-||When something crosses or goes above||Transatlantic, transparent|
While these prefixes are very commonly used there are many more used to form nouns.
Suffixes are also an extremely helpful way to form nouns to describe professions, people, emotions, states.
The ones used to determine professions are the suffixes "-er", "-or" and "-eer" .
- Law: lawyer
- Act: actor
- Engine: engineer
The ones tused to specify or describe a type of person are the suffixes, - "ist", "-ster", and "-ee".
- Column: columnist
- Mob: mobster
- Refuge: refugee
|-ism||To talk about policies, doctrines||Nationalism, totalitarianism|
|-age||To form abstract nouns, much variability||Mileage, bondage, wreckage|
|-ness||To talk about a state or quality||Happiness, darkness|
|-hood||To talk about a collective||Motherhood, neighborhood|
|-ship||To indicate a skill, state or rank||Relationship, leadership|
|-ry||To turn a verb into a noun||Robbery, bakery|
|-ment||To turn an action into noun||Development, acknowledgment|
Types of nouns
1. Singular and plural nouns
Singular nouns are used to refer or identify only one person, animal, quality, thing, place, or an idea. They provide the stem based on which a plural noun can be formed. Through the use of several prefixes and suffixes, most of the plural nouns are formed with the presence of few exceptions and irregular nouns. For the full list visit our lesson page.
2. Countable and uncountable nouns
Countable nouns are used for words that can be counted. They can easily be identified by the determiners placed before them. Uncountable nouns are used for words that can't be counted through the use of numbers and generally are seen as a whole. Determiners and articles help us identify the type of measurement used for the noun.
- I have a tip for you.
- There is nothing wrong with your computer.
- You need to add a pinch of salt to it.
- Do you need some help with that?
3. Proper and common nouns
Common nouns are non-capitalized generic nouns. The only time they are written with a capital letter is if they are at the beginning of the sentence. Proper nouns are used to refer to something very specific that can stand on it's own and are always capitalized.
- Do you want some coffee?
- Have you ever been to a mountain?
- Monday is my least favorite day of the week.
- I went on a cruise on the Rhine river last year.
What our students say
Unlike in other platforms, all our teachers are manually verified by our professional team. Trust in the experiences of our students.
My name is Barbara.
I used to live in Ireland, in the UK, in Italy and at the moment in Spain. I have spent much time in the USA and Scandinavia as well. I have been flying around the world as a flight attendant for approx. 13 years.
I am also a qualified tour guide and a qualified ENGLISH TEACHER.
I love teaching and I believe it is really important to learn foreign languages, to get to know different nations, cultures in order to have a better idea of the world. English can be a key to open a new world for you and eliminate the barriers you have at the moment.
Oh! and I've almost forgotten to tell you:
I'm an ITALIAN TEACHER too
IN CASE your problem is not the English language, but you have a problem when you need to order a good PIZZA, CAPPUCCINO or some delicious SPAGHETTI during your stay in ITALY or you need to get ready for an internship or you want to learn ITALIAN for any other reason, I can teach you and help you improve your ITALIAN!
Are you still hungry and you want to keep filling your stomach in HUNGARY? I can also give you some HUNGARIAN LESSONS from beginner to advanced level! (of course if you like Goulash- Gulyàs, I can give you the original recipe!)
If you think you need ENGLISH, ITALIAN and/or HUNGARIAN for your goals and dreams, get in touch and we can plan some lessons for you.
TEFL/TESOL qualified English Teacher
168 hours Tefl Org, Scotland, UK
40 hours Tefl Online Teaching, Tefl Org, Scotland, UK
30 hours Tefl Online Teaching, Tefl Institution, Ireland
TEFL/TESOL Online Teaching Practicum, Tefl Org., Scotland, UK
I can teach you Conversational English, Business English, Prepare you for an exam or teach English to your kids. Or/and we can do all these in ITALIAN and HUNGARIAN too!
Hope to see you soon in class.
I’m very happy with my teacher! Barbara is so kind, helpful and she has a lot of knowledge to share. She is preparing me for some English exams, it is going quicker and better than I expected. Thank you so much!!!!!!!!
Thanks so much for the kind words Em! It takes two. You really put your heart and mind to your goal. Very well done. Keep up the good work and you will see the results. See you in class :-)
I am Teacher Adan and I want you to speak and write English / Spanish. I have worked as an English teacher for more than 3 years with different groups and ages. I have also taught private classes, prepared students for international certifications and improved speaking in one to one lessons. The vast majority of my students succee when we work together as a team in the journey of learning a foreign language. As a result of my years of preparation and practice, I have got a university degree where I had the chance to teach subjects from my career in my senior year as well. I obtained a couple of certifications of trainings and seminars that I have been invited to and I recently obtained an international teaching certification (TEFL) and the English proficiency certificate in C2 level (advanced).
But let's focus on you and your interest in speaking a new language, I invite you to become part of my multiple students and finally be able to communicate in a different language even if your purpose is either for business, education or just for fun.
In my classes I involve my students with topics they are interested in, so that by the moment of speaking it is easy for them to discuss or give their point of view. I use technology to play games such as Kahoot, Google plataform, Charades, Quizizz and Kami. My students are always active producing and doing something so that the class is engaging and dinamic rather than only listening to the teacher. My methodology of work is based on having a learning environment where everyone can ask and participate in the language my students are learning. My main focus is to make everyone understand what I teach and how they can use in real life situations the content I give.
My learning materials are a book updated with the latest methods while learning a foreign language based on Person's content, the on-line tools I mentioned before so my students can develop interactive worksheets, speaking tasks, writings or vocabulary games and you (my student), who is the key to develop a well structured class with learning purposes.
I would love to receive an email from you in case of doubts or confirmation of the schedule for the class and get ready to become the next English / Spanish speaker.
Adan is a very profesional teacher. One of the things I like the most is that he is very flexible person and adapts to my ability. Im really pleased with him.
Thanks Nuria. You are such a really good student too and dedicated. See you back in class soon.
Good day there...
My name is Teresa (Teacher Tess), and I live in South Africa
I manage an afterschool care centre called “The Lighthouse”
I care for 3 – 6 year old's in the afternoons
Having taught children of various ages over the years before this, I have decided that this is my favourite age group. They are so loving and not afraid to show how they feel.
I love having fun playing games with them, doing crafts and telling stories.
I have built meaningful relationships with many of them. I look forward to seeing them each day as they run up to say hello and give me a big hug.
I also love to see their smiling faces at the end of the day when they go home because then I know I’ve done a good job in keeping them happy.
I have spent most of my career studying education and tutoring children.
I volunteered in High school with SMILE Education to teach English to African pupils.
I worked for a number of years tutoring maths for KUMON Education. I tutored maths privately.
I worked for a time teaching high school maths.
So I have worked with many many children over the years.
My qualifications specific to the requirements of this position would be my National Certificate in Early Childhood Development as well as my Certificate in the Principles of Developmental Psychology, both of which I obtained through INTEC College.
I have also recently completed a 168 hour TEFL qualification.
My style of teaching is one where I try to keep the students motivated, to be sensitive to their needs and most importantly to observe and listen to them carefully to make sure they understand.
Methods i use include:
TPR (Total Physical Response) - this is using a lot of body language and gestures to emphasize meaning.
Colourful Props - to keep the child's attention.
Reward systems - to motivate participation.
Games and songs - to make the lesson fun
I absolutely love what I do and would love to meet you and embark on this exciting journey through the English language with your treasured child.
Teresa was so polite, knowledgeable and well prepared. She made the lesson super fun for my son, and he learnt so much even though it was such a short time. Well done on recruiting such a gem!
It was such a pleasure giving a lesson to Ethan. I'm so glad it was thoroughly enjoyed.
Hi! My name is Elisabetta, I’m from Italy and I can provide professional Italian, Spanish and English language lessons for all levels. I am an open and friendly person, but also very rigorous with my job and I expect my students be the same, that is positive and committed. The language course I am offering will be tailored to your specific needs and we’ll together find the best way to reach your goal: learn a new language and enjoying while doing it!
Elisabetta is a teacher who manages to convey love for her work. It follows you on your path of growth and strongly supports you. He follows different teaching methods according to the needs and priorities of the moment. Punctual, precise and super helpful. That's what I was looking for! Thanks
Thank you very much dear, I send you a hug :)
Hi, welcome to my profile!
My name is Alessia and I currently live in Italy. I lived some years in America where I deepened my knowledge of English and American dialects. I am currently specializing in the Spanish and German. In all these years I have given private lessons of Italian, English, Spanish and Japanese, at the moment the most required language. Regarding Japanese, I had the opportunity to experience the teaching of the language in an American College with a native Japanese teacher, implementing the method that they themselves use to learn their language. I will help you in a simple way; conversation is really important to learn a language and even more a good method. No days spent on textbooks are needed, constancy and fun during lessons are the most important part for learning. You will see the results immediately! I am patient, flexible and I will adapt in all ways to your personal needs. I'll wait for you on my profile for the trial lesson and discover an easy and fun method to learn a language as soon as possible.
The teacher is always on time and uses perfect learning materials to learn the language. Very prepared in what she teaches and in the way she does it; very useful lessons!
Thank you Hilary!
Hello, my name is Corinne and I am a qualified ESL English teacher from England. I have been teaching in classrooms and online for over 3 years and I have many satisfied students. My lessons generally consist of a mixture of conversation and set exercises to help to improve both vocabulary and grammar. I encourage a lot of talking from my students and I give instant written correction so that they are able to recognise any grammatical errors they are making. I take note of repeated mistakes and set exercises for following lessons to address these mistakes accordingly. You will quickly notice an increase in your confidence in speaking English from our lessons, your vocabulary will increase and your grammar and sentence structure will improve. Together, we will reach your goals.
It is always a pleasure to have English lessons with Corinne. The lessons are always a lot of fun and extremely interesting concerning on current affairs and unfortunately the time always ends too early. Very recommended.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Hi! I've been teaching Dutch, Spanish and Italian for many years, in The Netherlands, for private institutes, for the integration of foreigners into society, and online from Italy, where I currently live.
I will help you, in a simple but effective way, to learn your favorite language(s). By focusing on conversation from the very beginning, I will help you in becoming confident with the language so that you will learn it faster.
Learning a foreign language is not a matter of doing much effort, but rather of being consistent, enjoying the lessons and allowing your intuition to work with you. You will book immediate results while having fun!
I offer you general language courses Italian (A1-C2), Dutch (A1-C1) and Spanish (A1-C1), as well as courses "Basisinburgering" "Inburgeringsexamen A1 and A2".
For English I offer ONLY pronunciation exercises. If you struggle with your pronunciation and you want to become more confident, I can help you achieve your goal. We will practice by reading texts together and you will see amazing results in a very short time.
So if you want to learn a language or improve the one you already speak, whether it is for work, to move abroad or just because you love languages, contact me for a free trial and let me know how I can help you.
I'm looking forward to meeting you!
Serious and professional. Very clear in the explanation and very patient in explaining the uncertainties. Path taken constructive. I am very satisfied.
Hi Vanessa and thank you for your feedback! I am happy to know that you are satisfied and to witness your progress, class after class. It's a pleasure to work with you!
I am a BELIEVER!. Each of you has something to share, give and communicate with others. It's my job to help you do just that!.
English shouldn't be scary. Let me help you become more fluid and spontaneous. Let's break those barriers you've built over time and git rid of those nasty limitations you've created.
Professionals, adults and young adults are my specialties. I've been teaching, coaching, motivating for more than 18 years in a number of different situations: small businesses, multinational companies, the Italian Army, private and public schools, associations, as well as with professionals and individuals. I've also trained teachers working specifically with children and bilingualism and worked many students preparing for traditional language exams and certifications. If you need a personalized program, that's not a problem either!
My own personal experience with learning Italian helps me understand the challenges linked with learning a new language.
I can't wait to meet you! :-)
Marissa is a very professional teacher who can put the student at ease. It is precise, effective and oriented towards achieving the objectives: highly recommended.
Thanks so much Paola!!! I LOVE working with you guys and have enjoyed every moment. Even after this brief period, we can already start to see some changes. :-)
After living and working in the UK and Germany for many years, I moved to Spain where I have been living for the past sixteen years. Certified in London, I taught for language schools in Frankfurt and worked freelance in Spain teaching all levels. I try to get my students to talk as much as possible because in my experience there is often so much emphasis on learning all language rules that being able to communicate disappears into the background. Depending on the student´s goal, I adjust my classes so that we can achieve that goal as much as possible!
Very happy with teacher Eline! The lesson was very well prepared and a lot of fun. I recommend her to anyone who wants to learn the English language.
Thank you for your feedback Noelle, I will continue to do my very best for you!
Hello my dear future student!
It doesn’t matter how old you are, what is your level of a foreign language and why you want to learn it. If you are already here, then you are ready to plunge into the world of other cultures and this is without any doubt a really cool thing.
I can offer you lessons for any taste and purpose of English, Spanish, French or Russian. I am a diplomated translator with working experience as a tutor (including via Skype) and as a language school teacher. In the course of my professional activity, I worked with children from 6 years old, teenagers and adults up to 65 years old.
I love languages and I want to make YOU loving them as much as I do.
Let's start this adventure together cause "there's no better time than now".
See you soon!
Very good teacher. Listening to our expectations, give good explanations and always smiling. Very flexible in terms of schedules!
Thank you Kelly! The pleasure is mine to work with you :)
I am a certified TEFL teacher and have taught ESL for the past three years. I can help you become more confident in speaking the English language which I believe is one of the most important parts of learning a language. If you want to pass exams I can also help you prepare for them and create lessons focused on listening, writing, oral and reading. I love traveling and if you are interested we can talk about the difference in cultures or any known sites in that country. We can speak about any categories you choose from politics to nature, I can build a class on that. I will help you in any way you can from beginners to advance I want to help you learn English!
I liked the conversion we had - teacher changed topic few time topic in the right direction and it help very much for speaking.
I Offer English teaching, Phonics, word and sound pronunciation.
My lessons are aimed at children aged 2- 8.
I do general English conversation for older groups too.
Lets build a bright future and expand our knowledge.
If there is something I do not offer , please ket me know as we can try and do a specific lesson.
Stories, flash card, books and other items are used in lessons to make it fun.
Inge was great with my daughter who is 5 . It was a fun lesson and I will definitely book again . Thank you for making my daughter have a good lesson .
Catherine is an excellent teacher and communicator. In our initial session, we had an extremely productive conversation about goals and expectations and what I was seeking with personal lessons in Spanish. This allowed her to tailor our first lesson to my needs. I learned so much! She helped substantially with pronunciation and verb conjugations. I look forward to our next sessions and continued learning. I highly recommend her to anyone who is looking to improve their language skills in Spanish and English, in particular.
Hello! My name is Ivana and I come from Serbia.
I am a med student, also I am an active Red Cross volunteer. I worked with both children and adults. If you need some help with reading, listening, writing or speaking in Serbian or English, feel free to contact me. I am looking forward to meeting you. :)
She is a kind girl , professional and will give you attention and everything you need . Was a great lesson.
I am very good with beginners and intermediate students. I help with pronunciation, learning new vocabulary and grammar. I always offer corrections and offer endless speaking opportunities.
I enjoy teaching and more than anything I enjoy teaching English, but as much as I teach I am always looking for an opportunity to learn. I allow myself to learn something from my students as many times as they are willing to teach. Together with my students, we create an atmosphere of on-going conversation around our class topic.
I have a Bachelor of English degree, as well as a 120-HOUR TEFL Certificate. I am mostly fluent in English, as it has the language medium throughout my entire life and school career.