• English grammar
  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • English nouns

    What are nouns?

    Nouns are words used to refer or identify people, animals, qualities, things, places, and ideas. Majority of nouns have no gender with only a few easily detectable exceptions we will explore here. In this page, we will summarize the main noun rules, types, and ways to form them. 

    Nouns examples 

    Type Example
    People Inna bought this last night.
    Animal Cats are interesting creatures.
    Qualities This champagne is of the highest quality.
    Things Put it on the table.
    Places Let's go to New York soon!
    Ideas Breaking the rules is bad.

    Gender of nouns

    While in many other languages gender distinctions are obligatory for grammatical correctness for a majority of the English nouns there is no distinction between them. However, there are few exceptions of nouns that can only identify a male, female or neutral gender. 

    Gender of nouns list

    Masculine Feminine Neuter
    Man Woman Person
    Father Mother Parent
    Grandfather Grandmother Grandparent
    Son Daughter Child
    Brother Sister Relative
    Boy Girl Child
    Uncle Aunt -
    Husband Wife Spouse
    Nephew Niece Child of your brother/sister
    King Queen Royalty
    Prince Princess Royalty
    Actor Actress Artist
    Waiter Waitress Server

    Forming nouns

    Without prior practice or knowledge of the English language, it might be harder to identify nouns or form different versions of them.  Through the use of prefixes and suffixes, one can easily identify them in a text.


    Prefix Use Example
    Re- When something repeats Re-examination
    Anti- When something is against Antidote, antihero
    Pre- When something was in the past Prehistory, predetermination
    Mis- When something is wrong or there's a mistake Miscommunication, misuse
    Co- When there is a union between things Co-owner, cooperation
    Under- When something is not enough Undervalue, understatement
    Out- When something is more or higher than other Outperformance
    Inter- When something is between things Interface, interaction
    Over-  When something is too much Overbooking
    Trans- When something crosses or goes above Transatlantic, transparent

    enlightenedWhile these prefixes are very commonly used there are many more used to form nouns.


    Suffixes are also an extremely helpful way to form nouns to describe professions, people, emotions, states

    The ones used to determine professions are the suffixes "-er", "-or" and "-eer" .

    • Law: lawyer
    • Act: actor 
    • Engine: engineer

    The ones tused to specify or describe a type of person are the suffixes, - "ist", "-ster", and "-ee".

    • Column: columnist  
    • Mob: mobster
    • Refuge: refugee 
    Suffix Use Example
    -ism To talk about policies, doctrines Nationalism, totalitarianism
    -age To form abstract nouns, much variability Mileage, bondage, wreckage
    -ness To talk about a state or quality Happiness, darkness
    -hood To talk about a collective Motherhood, neighborhood 
    -ship To indicate a skill, state or rank Relationship, leadership
    -ry To turn a verb into a noun Robbery, bakery
    -ment To turn an action into noun Development, acknowledgment 

    Types of nouns

    1. Singular and plural nouns

    Singular nouns are used to refer or identify only one person, animal, quality, thing, place, or an idea. They provide the stem based on which a plural noun can be formed. Through the use of several prefixes and suffixes, most of the plural nouns are formed with the presence of few exceptions and irregular nouns. For the full list visit our lesson page. 


    Singular Plural Exception
    Wife Wives Chefs
    Datum Data Sheep
    Party Parties Species 
    Crutch Crutches Children

    2. Countable and uncountable nouns

    Countable nouns are used for words that can be counted. They can easily be identified by the determiners placed before them. Uncountable nouns are used for words that can't be counted through the use of numbers and generally are seen as a whole. Determiners and articles help us identify the type of measurement used for the noun. 


    • I have a tip for you.
    • There is nothing wrong with your computer
    • You need to add a pinch of salt to it. 
    • Do you need some help with that?

    3. Proper and common nouns

    Common nouns are non-capitalized generic nouns. The only time they are written with a capital letter is if they are at the beginning of the sentence. Proper nouns are used to refer to something very specific that can stand on it's own and are always capitalized

    • Do you want some coffee?
    • Have you ever been to a mountain?
    • Monday is my least favorite day of the week.
    • I went on a cruise on the Rhine river last year.


    English noun gender exercise

    Next lessons

    1 English singular and plural nouns Singular and plural nouns definition, categories, examples, exercises
    2 English countable and uncountable nouns English countable and uncountable nouns
    3 English proper and common nouns English proper and common nouns definition, categories, examples, exercises
    4 Genitive case (with 's and of) in English Study the genitive in English with this overview of the grammar rules.