• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • Second conditional in English

    In this chapter you will learn about the second conditional in English. This conditional is used to express a hypothetical situation.

    Definition and usage of the second conditional

    The second conditional refers to situation that is now or any time and is unreal. It is used to express a hypothetical condition and its possible result.

    Situation Example
    To express a hypothetical situation
    • If I were taller, I would not wear high heels.
    • If I did not have experience, I would not get this job.
    To expose wishes or dreams
    • If I won the lottery, I would buy a villa.
    • If I was the president, I would change the healthcare system. 
    To display warnings, advice or offer help
    • If I were you, I would give up smoking.
    • If they spoke English, we would understand them.

    enlightenedIn the second conditional, it is correct to use 'If I / he / she / it were' instead of 'If I / he / she / it was'. 

    Second conditional structure 

    The second conditional consists of two clauses, the 'if clause' and the 'main clause'. The structure of the second conditional begins with the word 'if' followed by a past simpe tense that establishes the condition, which is the 'if clause'. The 'if clause' is followed by the 'main clause' which describes the result with 'would + infinitive'. 

    Structure: If + past simple + would + infinitive.

    If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
    If you went to bed earlier, you would not be so tired. 
    If she spoke Spanish, she would be working in Spain.

    Modal verbs and conditional sentences

    Other modal verbs, such as 'could' or 'might' can be used instead of 'would' in the second conditional tense. These modal verbs change the possibility and meaning of the sentence.

    Examples:

    • I could travel with you if I had more money.
    • If I knew more about computers, I could fix your laptop.
    • I might buy a bigger house if I earned more money. 

    Train your skills by doing the exercises below!

    Exercises

    Fill in the second conditional in English

    Choose the correct second conditional in English

    Exercise second conditional in English

    Exercise to practice the English second conditional