The definite article is used to introduce a noun or noun phrase. It is used to specify something that has already been discussed or is known by all the speakers and makes sense in the context. The only indefinite article is "the".
The definite article "the" is one of the most commonly used articles and is the only definite article. It can be used with countable and uncountable nouns as well as singular and plural ones. It is used to refer to concrete objects, names of oceans and seas, mountains and deserts.
|When to use definite articles||Examples|
|Use it with proper nouns such as mountains, rivers, islands.||I want to hike the Grand Canyon.|
|Use it with historical periods such as decades.||I truly miss the nineties.|
|Use it to refer to a group of people in general.||History is most dear to the Bulgarians.|
|Use it with the superlative form of adjectives.||Bram is the tallest person I know.|
|Use it with countries whose's name is plural, a republic or a kingdom.||My boyfriend is from the United Kingdom.|
|Use it when it is assumed only of the thing exists.||Where is the kitchen?|
|Use it with landmarks, museums, valuable historical pieces or art.||I have always wanted to see the Eiffel Tower.|
|Use it with family names.||The Gettys were one of the wealthiest families.|
|Use it with things or object that are specific or unique by themselves.||The creator of Reese's did something amazing.|
|Use it when something has already been mentioned.||I accidentally hurt myself. The pain is horrible.|
You must not use the definite article "the" when using the following type of nouns in your text or speech:
|Colors||Blue, yellow, purple|
|Means of transport||Plane, train, taxi, car|
|Hours||Three o'clock, half past eight|
|Airports, stations||Heathrow, Saint Peters station|
|Names of people or places||Michael, Jessica, New York, Tokyo|
|Sports||Football, volleyball, running|
|Days of the week||Monday, Friday, Sunday|
|Time expressions||Last week, next month, last year|
|Disciplines and subjects||Geography, literature, physics|
|Uncountable things||Oil, copper, rice|
|Countries (unless they are part of the exceptions)||France, Spain|
|Personal titles||Mrs, Ms, Miss|
|Languages||Bulgarian, Italian, Spanish|
|Correct use||Incorrect use|
|I like blue.||I like the blue.|
|Have you ever been to France?||Have you ever been to the France?|
|She loves Geography.||She loves the Geography.|
|I play football every chance I get.||I play the football every chance I get.|
|Our flight goes through Heathrow.||Our flight goes through the Heathrow.|
While the definite article is more commonly placed before a noun it is it not always the case. The definite article can be placed in front of an ajdective that provides more information in an enriching or restricting kind of way.
The major difference between an indefinite and definite article lies in exactly which noun they do refer to. With the indefinite article, you could be referring to anything of a certain type. However, with the definite article to you refer to exactly one specific thing of a certain type.
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Ciao Robbie, thanks a lot for your feedback. I'm very happy you like the classes together and I'll do my best to keep them as fun and interesting as possible :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
Thank you Dan for the great review! A student like you makes everything easier. I hope to continue like that!
Thanks so much. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Maria Grazia L.
Thanks a lot for the nice review. It is a real pleasure to be able to help you with German.
Very good class with Margaux, a young woman with a lot of knowledge and a lot of vocabulary :)
Hello everybody, I am Revan. I am a native Turkish speaker. I am an experienced Turkish instructor who has taught Turkish as a foreign language... in Turkey and the U.S.A. I hold a Master’s Degree in Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Currently, I am pursuing a Ph.D. in the same field. I hold both DELTA and TESOL certificates, both of which are world-known language teaching specialization trainings. I have been teaching English as a foreign language for more than ten years and teaching Turkish as a foreign language for over five years. As an English language teacher, I have worked with different age groups and specialized with teens and adults. I have been working for one of the top universities in Turkey as a language instructor. As for Turkish language teaching, I worked as a Fulbright Language Teaching Assistant and taught Turkish at Amherst College, UMass- Amherst, Smith College, and Mt. Holyoke College. In years, I have learned that there is no one specific teaching method as all methods are unique to the needs and abilities of the students. That's why I apply methods ranging from communicative language teaching to flipped-classroom based on the learners' needs. Read more
Hello dear students! My name is Maria Berroteran, I was born in Venezuela and now live in Germany. I am not here to offer you the typical... boring language classes, I am here to help you develop your skills, to make you feel comfortable when speaking and to learn the language in a fun and efficient way. Let's have fun together, it's the best way to learn! Don't worry if you need help, I'm here to guide you and answer all your questions without judging. I have experience teaching children, teenagers, and adults in Germany, so it doesn't matter if you are a beginner or advanced, I will adapt to your needs. Give me the opportunity and let's achieve one of your goals together! Read more
Hi everybody, My name is Barbara. I used to live in Ireland, in the UK, in Italy and at the moment in Spain. I have spent much time in the... USA and Scandinavia as well. I have been flying around the world as a flight attendant for approx. 13 years. I am also a qualified tour guide and a qualified ENGLISH TEACHER. I love teaching and I believe it is really important to learn foreign languages, to get to know different nations, cultures in order to have a better idea of the world. English can be a key to open a new world for you and eliminate the barriers you have at the moment. If you think you need English for your goals and dreams, get in touch and we can plan some lessons for you. TEFL/TESOL qualified English Teacher 168 hours Tefl Org, Scotland, UK 40 hours Tefl Online Teaching, Tefl Org, Scotland, UK 30 hours Tefl Online Teaching, Tefl Institution, Ireland TEFL/TESOL Online Teaching Practicum, Tefl Org., Scotland, UK I can teach you Conversational English, Business English, Prepare you for an exam or teach English to your kids. Hope to see you soon in class. Read more