• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • English definite articles

    What are definite articles?

    The definite article is used to introduce a noun or noun phrase. It is used to specify something that has already been discussed or is known by all the speakers and makes sense in the context. The only indefinite article is "the".

    Definite article "The"

    The definite article "the" is one of the most commonly used articles and is the only definite article. It can be used with countable and uncountable nouns as well as singular and plural ones. It is used to refer to concrete objects, names of oceans and seas, mountains and deserts

    Definite articles examples

    When to use definite articles Examples
    Use it with proper nouns such as mountains, rivers, islands. I want to hike the Grand Canyon.
    Use it with historical periods such as decades.  I truly miss the nineties.
    Use it to refer to a group of people in general.  History is most dear to the Bulgarians.
    Use it with the superlative form of adjectives. Bram is the tallest person I know. 
    Use it with countries whose's name is plural, a republic or a kingdom. My boyfriend is from the United Kingdom.
    Use it when it is assumed only of the thing exists. Where is the kitchen?
    Use it with landmarks, museums, valuable historical pieces or art. I have always wanted to see the Eiffel Tower.
    Use it with family names. The Gettys were one of the wealthiest families.
    Use it with things or object that are specific or unique by themselves. The creator of Reese's did something amazing.
    Use it when something has already been mentioned. I accidentally hurt myself. The pain is horrible.

    When not to use articles

    You must not use the definite article "the" when using the following type of nouns in your text or speech:

    Types Examples
    Colors Blue, yellow, purple
    Means of transport Plane, train, taxi, car
    Hours Three o'clock, half past eight
    Airports, stations Heathrow, Saint Peters station
    Names of people or places Michael, Jessica, New York, Tokyo
    Sports Football, volleyball, running 
    Days of the week Monday, Friday, Sunday
    Time expressions Last week, next month, last year 
    Disciplines and subjects Geography, literature, physics
    Uncountable things Oil, copper, rice
    Years 1994, 2004
    Countries (unless they are part of the exceptions) France, Spain
    Personal titles Mrs, Ms, Miss
    Languages Bulgarian, Italian, Spanish

    Examples:

    Correct use Incorrect use
    I like blue.  I like the blue.
    Have you ever been to France? Have you ever been to the France?
    She loves Geography. She loves the Geography.
    I play football every chance I get.  I play the football every chance I get.
    Our flight goes through Heathrow. Our flight goes through the Heathrow.

    Articles and adjectives

    While the definite article is more commonly placed before a noun it is it not always the case. The definite article can be placed in front of an ajdective that provides more information in an enriching or restricting kind of way. 

    Examples:

    • He's the tall boy in end of the hall. 
    • The Spanish are famous for their reputation for talking a lot.
    • It is the red apple.
    • It is the thick green cable in the drawer. 

    Difference between indefinite and definite articles

    The major difference between an indefinite and definite article lies in exactly which noun they do refer to. With the indefinite article, you could be referring to anything of a certain type. However, with the definite article to you refer to exactly one specific thing of a certain type. 

    Example:

    • I have to buy a new phone. - It could be any phone.
    • I have to buy the new iPhone. - The phone I buy must exactly be an iPhone.

    Exercises

    Definite article "the" exercise

    Definite articles exercises

    Definite articles worksheet