• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • This chapter will discuss the English present participle. The present participle in English are formed from verbs. 

    Definition and usage of the present participle in English

    The present participle in English is used to show a continuous action. This form of verb can be used as an adjective or as a verb tense. 

    Situation Example
    Present participle as adjective
    • My brother sits next to the boy wearing the blue jumper. 
    • It's an interesting story. 
    Present participle as verb tense
    • I was talking to her. 
    • We have been watching television.

    Present participles as adjectives

    The present participle as an adjective is used when talking about a person, thing or situation that gave a certain feeling. The present participles can be used in the present and past form. 

    Present participle: base of the verb + ing

    • Present form: The television program is boring. 
    • Past form: I watched a boring television program. 

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    Present participle as verb tense

    The present participle as a verb tense shows a continuous action. The present participle comes after another verb, which is usually an auxiliary verb. 

    Present participle: base of the verb + ing

    Tense Example
    Present continuous tense
    • I am working on my project right now. 
    • He is playing soccer outside now. 
    Present perfect continuous tense
    • We have been living together since 2016. 
    • My father has been playing soccer since 1989. 
    Past continuous tense
    • He was cooking a meal for his family.
    • She was reading a book while her mother was watching television. 
    Past perfect continuous tense
    • I had been preparing my wedding since last year. 
    • They had been working together since last year. 
    Future continuous tense
    • This time tomorrow, I will be working at the new company. 
    • Next week, he will be studying in Berlin. 
    Future perfect continuous tense 
    • They will have been working together for 2 years. 
    • In one week I will have been working here for 6 years. 

    Difference between gerund and present participle

    Present participles and gerunds look similar. As discussed earlier, the present participles are used as part of a verb tense or as adjective. Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs, also ending in 'ing'. 

    Form Example
    Present participle He is walking the dog right now. 
    Gerund Hunting elephants is dangerous. 

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