Questions?

Check our FAQs for the quickest support.

FAQ

Did not find your answer?
Contact us

Present perfect continuous tense in English

Our teachers

Looking for a language tutor? Contact one of our teachers!

Find a teacher

In this chapter the present perfect continuous will be explained. This tense is used for actions that have started in the past, but continue in the present.

Structure and rules of the present perfect continuous

To form the present perfect continuous the auxiliary verb 'to have' is used, followed by the participle of the verb 'to be' plus the present participle of the main verb. 

Examples:

  • We have been dating since 2015. 
  • I have been preparing my wedding since last year. 
  • My mom has been playing tennis since 1997. 

How the present perfect continuous is formed, depends on whether the sentence is:

  1. Affirmative: expresses the truth of a certain assertion.
  2. Negative: expresses the falsity of a certain assertion. 
  3. Interrogative: expresses a question.

Have a question?

Take online language lessons with a professional teacher

  1. Native & verified teachers
  2. Free trial lesson
  3. Learning materials included

1. Affirmatives 

Structure: subject / pronoun + form of the verb 'to have' + 'been' + present participle of the main verb + rest of the sentence

The table below shows the conjugation of the auxiliary verb 'to have' in combination with the participle of the verb 'to be'. 

SubjectConjugation of 'to have' + 'been'
Ihave been
Youhave been
He / she / ithas been
Wehave been
Youhave been
Theyhave been 

Examples:

  • I have been working on this assignment since last week.
  • He has been planning his trip to Spain since last year. 

2. Negatives 

Structure: subject / pronoun + negative form of the verb 'to have' (have not/ has not) + 'been' + present participle of the main verb + rest of the sentence 

The table below shows the conjugation of the verb 'to have' in combination with the participle of the verb 'to be' in the negative form. 

SubjectConjugation of 'to have'+ negation + 'been'
Ihave not been
Youhave not been
He / she / ithas not been
Wehave not been
Youhave not been
Theyhave not been

Examples:

  • I have not been waiting for you. I have just arrived.
  • She has not been cooking all morning, I just saw her at the pool. 

3. Interrogatives

Structure: form of the verb 'to have' + subject / pronoun + 'been' + present participle of the main verb + rest of the sentence + question mark

SubjectInterrogative
IHave I been ... ?
YouHave you been ... ?
He / she / itHas he / she / it been ... ?
WeHave we been ... ?
YouHave you been ... ?
TheyHave they been ... ? 

Examples:

  • Have you been crying? You look sad. 
  • Have you been shopping all morning?

Usage of the present perfect continuous 

The present perfect continuous is used to refer to an event or action that happened in the past and is still going on in the present or recently stopped. The table below shows the different situations in which the present perfect continuous is used. 

SituationExamples
You want to express the idea of an activity in progress until recently or until the time of speaking.
  • Have you been working all day? You look tired. 
  • She's been writing the book since 2015 and at last it's finished.
You want to talk about an event or action that started in the past, but is still going on. 
  • Martina has been waiting for over an hour. 
  • He has been working at the supermarket for four years. 

Difference between since and for

The present perfect continuous refers to a non-specific time period, so it is usually accompanied by the following signal words:

  • For: is used to define the duration of an action or event.
    Examples: for six years, for a week, for a month, for two hours.
     
  • Since: is used to define the starting point of an action or event. 
    Examples: since this morning, since 2015, since yesterday. 

Test your knowledge of the present perfect continuous with the exercises below!


Exercises

  1. Practice the English present perfect continuous
  2. Fill in the correct English present perfect continuous
  3. Write down the correct form of the English present perfect continuous
  4. Choose the English present perfect continuous that fits the sentence.

Practice the English present perfect continuous


Fill in the correct English present perfect continuous


Write down the correct form of the English present perfect continuous


Choose the English present perfect continuous that fits the sentence.


What our students say

Unlike in other platforms, all our teachers are manually verified by our professional team. Trust in the experiences of our students.
4.97/5

Hi everybody,

My name is Barbara.

I used to live in Ireland, in the UK, in Italy and at the moment in Spain. I have spent much time in the USA and Scandinavia as well. I have been flying around the world as a flight attendant for approx. 13 years.

I am also a qualified tour guide and a qualified ENGLISH TEACHER.

I love teaching and I believe it is really important to learn foreign languages, to get to know different nations, cultures in order to have a better idea of the world. English can be a key to open a new world for you and eliminate the barriers you have at the moment.

Oh! and I've almost forgotten to tell you:
I'm an ITALIAN TEACHER too

IN CASE your problem is not the English language, but you have a problem when you need to order a good PIZZA, CAPPUCCINO or some delicious SPAGHETTI during your stay in ITALY or you need to get ready for an internship or you want to learn ITALIAN for any other reason, I can teach you and help you improve your ITALIAN!

Are you still hungry and you want to keep filling your stomach in HUNGARY? I can also give you some HUNGARIAN LESSONS from beginner to advanced level! (of course if you like Goulash- Gulyàs, I can give you the original recipe!)

If you think you need ENGLISH, ITALIAN and/or HUNGARIAN for your goals and dreams, get in touch and we can plan some lessons for you.

TEFL/TESOL qualified English Teacher

168 hours Tefl Org, Scotland, UK

40 hours Tefl Online Teaching, Tefl Org, Scotland, UK

30 hours Tefl Online Teaching, Tefl Institution, Ireland

TEFL/TESOL Online Teaching Practicum, Tefl Org., Scotland, UK

I can teach you Conversational English, Business English, Prepare you for an exam or teach English to your kids. Or/and we can do all these in ITALIAN and HUNGARIAN too!

Hope to see you soon in class.

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
I’m very happy with my teacher! Barbara is so kind, helpful and she has a lot of knowledge to share. She is preparing me for some English exams, it is going quicker and better than I expected. Thank you so much!!!!!!!!
Barbara B. Barbara B.
Thanks so much for the kind words Em! It takes two. You really put your heart and mind to your goal. Very well done. Keep up the good work and you will see the results. See you in class :-)

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

Good day there...

My name is Teresa (Teacher Tess), and I live in South Africa

I manage an afterschool care centre called “The Lighthouse”
I care for 3 – 6 year old's in the afternoons
Having taught children of various ages over the years before this, I have decided that this is my favourite age group. They are so loving and not afraid to show how they feel.
I love having fun playing games with them, doing crafts and telling stories.
I have built meaningful relationships with many of them. I look forward to seeing them each day as they run up to say hello and give me a big hug.
I also love to see their smiling faces at the end of the day when they go home because then I know I’ve done a good job in keeping them happy.

I have spent most of my career studying education and tutoring children.
I volunteered in High school with SMILE Education to teach English to African pupils.
I worked for a number of years tutoring maths for KUMON Education. I tutored maths privately.
I worked for a time teaching high school maths.
So I have worked with many many children over the years.

My qualifications specific to the requirements of this position would be my National Certificate in Early Childhood Development as well as my Certificate in the Principles of Developmental Psychology, both of which I obtained through INTEC College.
I have also recently completed a 168 hour TEFL qualification.

My style of teaching is one where I try to keep the students motivated, to be sensitive to their needs and most importantly to observe and listen to them carefully to make sure they understand.

Methods i use include:
TPR (Total Physical Response) - this is using a lot of body language and gestures to emphasize meaning.
Colourful Props - to keep the child's attention.
Reward systems - to motivate participation.
Games and songs - to make the lesson fun

I absolutely love what I do and would love to meet you and embark on this exciting journey through the English language with your treasured child.

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Teresa was so polite, knowledgeable and well prepared. She made the lesson super fun for my son, and he learnt so much even though it was such a short time. Well done on recruiting such a gem!
Teresa C. Teresa C. ZA
It was such a pleasure giving a lesson to Ethan. I'm so glad it was thoroughly enjoyed.

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

Hi! My name is Elisabetta, I’m from Italy and I can provide professional Italian, Spanish and English language lessons for all levels. I am an open and friendly person, but also very rigorous with my job and I expect my students be the same, that is positive and committed. The language course I am offering will be tailored to your specific needs and we’ll together find the best way to reach your goal: learn a new language and enjoying while doing it!

 

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Elisabetta is a teacher who manages to convey love for her work. It follows you on your path of growth and strongly supports you. He follows different teaching methods according to the needs and priorities of the moment. Punctual, precise and super helpful. That's what I was looking for! Thanks
Translated by Google Translate
Elisabetta . Elisabetta .
Thank you very much dear, I send you a hug :)
Translated by Google Translate

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

Hi, welcome to my profile!
My name is Alessia and I currently live in Italy. I lived some years in America where I deepened my knowledge of English and American dialects. I am currently specializing in the Spanish and German. In all these years I have given private lessons of Italian, English, Spanish and Japanese, at the moment the most required language. Regarding Japanese, I had the opportunity to experience the teaching of the language in an American College with a native Japanese teacher, implementing the method that they themselves use to learn their language. I will help you in a simple way; conversation is really important to learn a language and even more a good method. No days spent on textbooks are needed, constancy and fun during lessons are the most important part for learning. You will see the results immediately! I am patient, flexible and I will adapt in all ways to your personal needs. I'll wait for you on my profile for the trial lesson and discover an easy and fun method to learn a language as soon as possible.

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
The teacher is always on time and uses perfect learning materials to learn the language. Very prepared in what she teaches and in the way she does it; very useful lessons!
Translated by Google Translate
Alessia T. Alessia T.
Thank you Hilary!

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

Hello, my name is Corinne and I am a qualified ESL English teacher from England. I have been teaching in classrooms and online for over 3 years and I have many satisfied students. My lessons generally consist of a mixture of conversation and set exercises to help to improve both vocabulary and grammar. I encourage a lot of talking from my students and I give instant written correction so that they are able to recognise any grammatical errors they are making. I take note of repeated mistakes and set exercises for following lessons to address these mistakes accordingly. You will quickly notice an increase in your confidence in speaking English from our lessons, your vocabulary will increase and your grammar and sentence structure will improve. Together, we will reach your goals.

Reviews

Teaching methodology

4.92/5

Communication

4.98/5

Punctuality

4.98/5

Internet connection

4.9/5

Learning materials

4.89/5
4.93/5
It is always a pleasure to have English lessons with Corinne. The lessons are always a lot of fun and extremely interesting concerning on current affairs and unfortunately the time always ends too early. Very recommended.
Corinne P. Corinne P.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

Hi! I've been teaching Dutch, Spanish and Italian for many years, in The Netherlands, for private institutes, for the integration of foreigners into society, and online from Italy, where I currently live.

I will help you, in a simple but effective way, to learn your favorite language(s). By focusing on conversation from the very beginning, I will help you in becoming confident with the language so that you will learn it faster.

Learning a foreign language is not a matter of doing much effort, but rather of being consistent, enjoying the lessons and allowing your intuition to work with you. You will book immediate results while having fun!

I offer you general language courses Italian (A1-C2), Dutch (A1-C1) and Spanish (A1-C1), as well as courses "Basisinburgering" "Inburgeringsexamen A1 and A2".

For English I offer ONLY pronunciation exercises. If you struggle with your pronunciation and you want to become more confident, I can help you achieve your goal. We will practice by reading texts together and you will see amazing results in a very short time.

So if you want to learn a language or improve the one you already speak, whether it is for work, to move abroad or just because you love languages, contact me for a free trial and let me know how I can help you.

I'm looking forward to meeting you!

Reviews

Teaching methodology

4.87/5

Communication

4.98/5

Punctuality

4.99/5

Internet connection

4.95/5

Learning materials

4.86/5
4.93/5
Serious and professional. Very clear in the explanation and very patient in explaining the uncertainties. Path taken constructive. I am very satisfied.
Elena P. Elena P. IT
Hi Vanessa and thank you for your feedback! I am happy to know that you are satisfied and to witness your progress, class after class. It's a pleasure to work with you!

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

I am a BELIEVER!. Each of you has something to share, give and communicate with others. It's my job to help you do just that!.
English shouldn't be scary. Let me help you become more fluid and spontaneous. Let's break those barriers you've built over time and git rid of those nasty limitations you've created.
Professionals, adults and young adults are my specialties. I've been teaching, coaching, motivating for more than 18 years in a number of different situations: small businesses, multinational companies, the Italian Army, private and public schools, associations, as well as with professionals and individuals. I've also trained teachers working specifically with children and bilingualism and worked many students preparing for traditional language exams and certifications. If you need a personalized program, that's not a problem either!
My own personal experience with learning Italian helps me understand the challenges linked with learning a new language.
I can't wait to meet you! :-)

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Marissa is a very professional teacher who can put the student at ease. It is precise, effective and oriented towards achieving the objectives: highly recommended.
Translated by Google Translate
Marissa F. Marissa F.
Thanks so much Paola!!! I LOVE working with you guys and have enjoyed every moment. Even after this brief period, we can already start to see some changes. :-)

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

After living and working in the UK and Germany for many years, I moved to Spain where I have been living for the past sixteen years. Certified in London, I taught for language schools in Frankfurt and worked freelance in Spain teaching all levels. I try to get my students to talk as much as possible because in my experience there is often so much emphasis on learning all language rules that being able to communicate disappears into the background. Depending on the student´s goal, I adjust my classes so that we can achieve that goal as much as possible!

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Very happy with teacher Eline! The lesson was very well prepared and a lot of fun. I recommend her to anyone who wants to learn the English language.
Translated by Google Translate
Eline E. Eline E. NL
Thank you for your feedback Noelle, I will continue to do my very best for you!
Translated by Google Translate

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

Hello my dear future student!
It doesn’t matter how old you are, what is your level of a foreign language and why you want to learn it. If you are already here, then you are ready to plunge into the world of other cultures and this is without any doubt a really cool thing.
I can offer you lessons for any taste and purpose of English, Spanish, French or Russian. I am a diplomated translator with working experience as a tutor (including via Skype) and as a language school teacher. In the course of my professional activity, I worked with children from 6 years old, teenagers and adults up to 65 years old.
I love languages and I want to make YOU loving them as much as I do.
Let's start this adventure together cause "there's no better time than now".
See you soon!

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Very good teacher. Listening to our expectations, give good explanations and always smiling. Very flexible in terms of schedules!
Translated by Google Translate
Krystyna K. Krystyna K. UA
Thank you Kelly! The pleasure is mine to work with you :)

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

Hi! My name is Consuelo and I am a professional teacher and translator. I live in Italy with my husband and my son on the East coast south of Ancona
I can help you learn English, Italian, and Spanish.
I have got a Bachelor degree and a master on Translation and I have been teaching for over 20 years students of all ages.
I can help you with the Language as a school subject or if you need to learn it for a trip or for a job. As a matter of fact I am very well acquainted with business companies and I can give you a few interesting tips.
My classes are usually one-to-one or in very small group so that it is possible to modulate them according to the student’s needs and specific situation.
Being married to a mental coach, I am highly specialized in motivating students and providing the best techniques to make learning more interesting and long-lasting.

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
I finally found my solution because of the many work commitments. Excellent material, patient and very helpful teacher
Translated by Google Translate
Consuelo C. Consuelo C. IT

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

I Offer English teaching, Phonics, word and sound pronunciation.
My lessons are aimed at children aged 2- 8.

I do general English conversation for older groups too.
Lets build a bright future and expand our knowledge.
If there is something I do not offer , please ket me know as we can try and do a specific lesson.

Stories, flash card, books and other items are used in lessons to make it fun.

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Inge was great with my daughter who is 5 . It was a fun lesson and I will definitely book again . Thank you for making my daughter have a good lesson .
Inge A. Inge A. ZA

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

Hello!
I believe learning should be fun and interactive!

I would love to help you in any way I can, to improve your knowledge of English.
I love making beginners feel comfortable, and developing conversations or grammar with those who are more experienced in English!
I am very used to teaching children whose second language is English.

I love teaching and watching children come alive with individual attention, and tailoring my teaching style to their personalities. I enjoy being animated with my students!
I am comfortable teaching children and adults.
I am a South African and have a Business degree. I worked in Finance and Marketing for 7 years for Volkswagen South Africa.
I am extroverted and I love people!
I have homeschooled my children from the 2nd grade through to the 7th grade.
I have taught Life Skills to 8 year olds at a Primary School for three years.
Currently, I tutor 1st and 2nd graders at a school where the children are learning in English as a SECOND language.
I believe my personality, teaching experience and work ethic make me a great teacher!
Best Regards
Christine Rafferty

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Cristina it's very funny and smilimg Person! Her english Is clear! Very good lesson with her! Thanks Cristina!!
Christine R. Christine R.

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Bilingual private lessons

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
Catherine is very professional, I found the class very helpful and would fully recommend her as a teacher Thanks Catherine !
Catherine D. Catherine D. US

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5

I am a certified TEFL teacher and have taught ESL for the past three years. I can help you become more confident in speaking the English language which I believe is one of the most important parts of learning a language. If you want to pass exams I can also help you prepare for them and create lessons focused on listening, writing, oral and reading. I love traveling and if you are interested we can talk about the difference in cultures or any known sites in that country. We can speak about any categories you choose from politics to nature, I can build a class on that. I will help you in any way you can from beginners to advance I want to help you learn English! 

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

4.56/5

Learning materials

5/5
4.91/5
I liked the conversion we had - teacher changed topic few time topic in the right direction and it help very much for speaking.
Amber A. Amber A.

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

4/5

Learning materials

5/5
4.8/5

I am very good with beginners and intermediate students. I help with pronunciation, learning new vocabulary and grammar. I always offer corrections and offer endless speaking opportunities.

I enjoy teaching and more than anything I enjoy teaching English, but as much as I teach I am always looking for an opportunity to learn. I allow myself to learn something from my students as many times as they are willing to teach. Together with my students, we create an atmosphere of on-going conversation around our class topic.

I have a Bachelor of English degree, as well as a 120-HOUR TEFL Certificate. I am mostly fluent in English, as it has the language medium throughout my entire life and school career.

Reviews

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5
My experience with teacher Comfort was excellent. She is patient, kind and explains in a way that is very easy to understand, giving you support tools for learning. I highly recommend her. Thank you so much Comfort.
Comfort A. Comfort A.

Review

Teaching methodology

5/5

Communication

5/5

Punctuality

5/5

Internet connection

5/5

Learning materials

5/5
5/5