In this chapter the present perfect continuous will be explained. This tense is used for actions that have started in the past, but continue in the present.
To form the present perfect continuous the auxiliary verb 'to have' is used, followed by the participle of the verb 'to be' plus the present participle of the main verb.
How the present perfect continuous is formed, depends on whether the sentence is:
Structure: subject / pronoun + form of the verb 'to have' + 'been' + present participle of the main verb + rest of the sentence
The table below shows the conjugation of the auxiliary verb 'to have' in combination with the participle of the verb 'to be'.
|Subject||Conjugation of 'to have' + 'been'|
|He / she / it||has been|
Structure: subject / pronoun + negative form of the verb 'to have' (have not/ has not) + 'been' + present participle of the main verb + rest of the sentence
The table below shows the conjugation of the verb 'to have' in combination with the participle of the verb 'to be' in the negative form.
|Subject||Conjugation of 'to have'+ negation + 'been'|
|I||have not been|
|You||have not been|
|He / she / it||has not been|
|We||have not been|
|You||have not been|
|They||have not been|
Structure: form of the verb 'to have' + subject / pronoun + 'been' + present participle of the main verb + rest of the sentence + question mark
|I||Have I been ... ?|
|You||Have you been ... ?|
|He / she / it||Has he / she / it been ... ?|
|We||Have we been ... ?|
|You||Have you been ... ?|
|They||Have they been ... ?|
The present perfect continuous is used to refer to an event or action that happened in the past and is still going on in the present or recently stopped. The table below shows the different situations in which the present perfect continuous is used.
|You want to express the idea of an activity in progress until recently or until the time of speaking.||
|You want to talk about an event or action that started in the past, but is still going on.||
The present perfect continuous refers to a non-specific time period, so it is usually accompanied by the following signal words:
Test your knowledge of the present perfect continuous with the exercises below!
4.6/5 from 2 reviews
Me as a Teacher I am a Serbian native speaker and a language teacher. I have been teaching online for 5 years. I live in Belgrade. I've been... teaching online for 5 years (officially). I love teaching because it's a dynamic and an interesting job. You can teach your students and you can learn from them as well. The happiness and joy of the student + their progresses with their target language = my biggest prize (so my students are the ones who motivate me to work better)and I try to combine: a bit of reading, a bit of writing, a bit of conversation, a bit of grammar and a bit of listening by using different resources. About Me My favorite topics are: 1. Travelling , 2. Foreign languages, 3. TV programs, 4. Films and TV series, 5. Culture, 6. sport, 7. IT, 8. Science My hobbies are: learning foreign languages, horse- riding, reading, travelling, ... I am open-minded, flexible and very positive. If you come up with something interesting to talk about, please, don't hesitate to suggest me and I'll gladly discuss with you about that. I visited: Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Slovakia and Slovenia. My Lessons & Teaching Style Firstly, I test the level of the target language... I have two parts: 1) Conversational part (here I check their vocabulary and their fluency + I find out their language goals and their needs) 2) Writing part (with that I focus much more on grammar and spelling) For each part, I take notes (I have my notebook for that). Secondly, I personalize my lessons to their goals and needs. I can cover a lot of topics: business, travelling, culture, etc. My Teaching Material Text Documents Audio Recordings Images and Visuals Video News Articles and Magazines Quizzes Example Test Templates Graphs and Charts Homework Assignments PowerPoint Presentations Read more
Hi there, I am glad to meet you. First of all, let me congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. In your case this is... Bulgarian. My country, Bulgaria, is a beautiful country with nice and hospitable people. It is an ancient land with a great history and rich culture. Having learned our language you will be able to get in touch freely with our good people and country. I come from the town of Vidin, Bulgaria. I am a qualified English and Bulgarian teacher. I graduated back in 1972 from Sofia University with an MA in English Philology and Bulgarian Philology as a second subject. Since then I have spent most of my professional career teaching Bulgarian students. First of all, we will have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice! Cannot wait to meet you and help you on your journey to learn Bulgarian. Read more
Hello, my name is Corinne and I am a qualified ESL English teacher from England. I have been teaching in classrooms and online for over 2 years... and I have many satisfied students. My lessons generally consist of a mixture of conversation and set exercises to help to improve both vocabulary and grammar. I encourage a lot of talking from my students and I give instant written correction so that they are able to recognize any grammatical errors they are making. I take note of repeated mistakes and set exercises for following lessons to address these mistakes accordingly. You will quickly notice an increase in your confidence in speaking English from our lessons, your vocabulary will increase and your grammar and sentence structure will improve. Together, we will reach your goals. Read more