Gerunds and infinitives in English
This chapter will discuss the gerunds that follow an infinitive in English.
English verbs followed by gerund (-ing form)
There are two situations in English in which the infinitive must be followed by a gerund.
- When putting together two verbs, the second verb must be in gerund.
- Sometimes between the infinitive and the gerund the preposition 'to' must be placed.
1) Infinitive followed by gerunds
|Infinitives that must be followed by gerunds||Example|
|Abhor||She abhors making homework.|
|Acknowledge||She acknowledges his studying hard for the exams.|
|Admit||I admit wasting money.|
|Advise||You advise saving money.|
|Allow||She allows using laptops in class.|
|Anticipate||She anticipates travelling to the United States next month.|
|Avoid||She avoids using the elevator.|
|Celebrate||She celebrates working at the company for 10 years.|
|Confess||He confesses stealing from the company.|
|Consider||Mike considers buying a new bike.|
|Defend||She defends buying a new bike, because her other bike got stolen.|
|Delay||She delays the meeting to next week.|
|Discontinue||She discontinued working with him.|
|Discuss||They discussed living together.|
|Encourage||I encourage travelling the world.|
|Enjoy||You enjoyed travelling through Asia.|
|Escape||We escaped running through the woods.|
|Fancy||I fancy walking on the beach.|
|Finish||We finished making homework and went home.|
|Forgive||They forgive running in the classroom.|
|Imagine||You imagined living in Spain.|
|Keep||They keep learning something everyday.|
|Like||They liked going there.|
|Love||He loved having her here.|
|Mention||We mentioned living in London before.|
|Mind||He doesn't mind smoking.|
|Miss||She misses spending time with her family.|
|Permit||They will permit fishing.|
|Picture||He pictures travelling to Asia.|
|Propose||They proposed living in Amsterdam.|
|Postpone||She postponed living in London for a year.|
|Practice||Practice playing soccer every day.|
|Prefer||I prefer running for an hour.|
|Recommend||They recommended running before dinner.|
|Resist||She resisted studying.|
|Resume||I resumed speaking when he left the room.|
|Stop||He stops smoking immediately.|
|Suggest||She suggested helping each other.|
|Support||We supported spending time with our grandmother.|
|Understand||She understands helping each other.|
|Urge||She urges spending time in homework.|
2) Infinitive and the gerund with the preposition 'to' in between
Some infinitives need the preposition 'to' when the gerund follows.
|Admit to||You admitted to saying something mean about her.|
|Be used to||I am getting used to waking up at 6 o'clock.|
|Commit to||She is committed to working hard.|
|Confess to||He confessed to being the one that left the door open.|
|Get used to||
I am getting used to waking up at 6 o'clock.
|Look forward to||He is looking forward to having you here.|
|Object to||She objected to admitting that it was her fault.|
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