• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • The present simple tense in English is used for routines, habits, general actions and feelings. 

    How to form the present simple tense?

    How the present simple tense is formed, depends on whether the sentence is:

    1. Affirmative: expresses the truth of a certain assertion.
    2. Negative: expresses the falsity of a certain assertion. 
    3. Interrogative: expresses a question.

    1. Affirmatives 

    Structure: subject / pronoun + conjugated verb + rest of the sentence

    Examples:

    • He is a doctor. 
    • We play tennis once a week. 
    • The table is round. 

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    2. Negatives 

    Structure: subject / pronoun + auxiliary (form of to do + not) + verb + rest of the sentence.

    The table below shows how the auxiliary is formed for every subject. 

    Subject Negative auxiliary
    I do not
    You (singular) do not
    He / she / it does not
    We do not
    You (plural) do not
    They do not

    enlightenedThe auxiliary forms are often contracted:

    • do not - don't
    • does not - doesn't 

    Examples: 

    • I do not eat fish.
    • They do not play football. 
    • He does not speak English. 

    3. Interrogatives

    Structure: auxiliary (form of to do) + subject / pronoun + infinitive verb + rest of the sentence + question mark 

    Examples:

    • Does she like meat? 
    • Do you know what to do?
    • Do they come to the party?

    Usage of the English present simple tense

    The table below shows you all the situations in which the English present simple tense is used.

    Situation Example
    You want to describe habits and routines. 
    • He drinks coffee after work.
    • I work at a supermarket twice a week. 
    You want to describe a general or scientific fact.
    • The earth is not flat.
    • The grass is green. 
    You want to describe an action that takes place, never takes place or is repeated constantly.
    • I cycle to school every day. 
    • He never cleans the house. 
    You want to describe an event that is probably happening in the future.
    • I eat at grandma's house tomorrow.
    • School starts in a week.
    You want to refer to a past event. (In newspaper headlines and captions to photographs.)
    • Demonstrators clash with police as violence increases.
    • Children play in the sand. 
    You want to give instructions or indications
    • Do your homework. 
    • Take a raincoat with you. 

    enlightenedYou can recognize the use of the present simple tense when the sentence contains words as:

    • Today
    • Usually
    • Always
    • Habitually 
    • Now 
    • Never 
    • On Mondays, Tuesdays etc. 
    • Every Monday, Tuesday etc.
    • Twice a week 
    • Once a month 
    • In general 
    • Every other day

    Conjugation of the English present simple tense 

    In the present simple the root is used to form the present simple. The third person singular (he, she, it) forms an exception: '-s', '-es' or '-ies' is added to the stem to form the present simple. Keep the following rules in mind when forming the third person singular of the present simple tense:

    Verbs that end in '-s', '-ss', '-sh', '-ch', '-x' or '-o' 

    Add '-es' to the root of the verb to form the third person singular.

    Subject To watch To rush
    I watch rush
    You (singular) watch rush
    He / she / it watches rushes
    We watch rush
    You (plural) watch rush
    They watch  rush

    Verbs that end in '-y' after a consonant

    For the third person singular the '-y' changes in '-i' and '-es' has to be added to the root. 

    Subject To study To cry
    I study cry
    You (singular) study cry
    He / she / it studies cries
    We study cry
    You (plural) study cry
    They study cry

    Other verbs

    To form the third person singular of the other verbs, '-s' has to be added to the root. The table below shows the conjugation of the regular verbs 'to work', 'to sleep', 'to rush' and 'to study' in the present simple.

    Subject To work To sleep
    I work sleep
    You (singular) work sleep
    He / she / it works sleeps
    We work sleep
    You (plural) work sleep
    They work sleep

    Irregular verbs in present simple

    The table below shows the conjugation of the irregular verbs 'to swim', 'to feel', 'to have' and 'to be'.

    Subject To swim To feel To have To be
    I swim feel have am
    You swim feel have are
    He / she / it swims feels has is
    We swim feel have are
    You (plural) swim feel have are
    They swim feel have are

    Practice your knowledge with the present simple exercises below!