The present simple tense in English is used for routines, habits, general actions and feelings.
How the present simple tense is formed, depends on whether the sentence is:
Structure: subject / pronoun + conjugated verb + rest of the sentence
Structure: subject / pronoun + auxiliary (form of to do + not) + verb + rest of the sentence.
The table below shows how the auxiliary is formed for every subject.
|You (singular)||do not|
|He / she / it||does not|
|You (plural)||do not|
The auxiliary forms are often contracted:
Structure: auxiliary (form of to do) + subject / pronoun + infinitive verb + rest of the sentence + question mark
The table below shows you all the situations in which the English present simple tense is used.
|You want to describe habits and routines.|
|You want to describe a general or scientific fact.|
|You want to describe an action that takes place, never takes place or is repeated constantly.|
|You want to describe an event that is probably happening in the future.|
|You want to refer to a past event. (In newspaper headlines and captions to photographs.)|
|You want to give instructions or indications|
You can recognize the use of the present simple tense when the sentence contains words as:
In the present simple the root is used to form the present simple. The third person singular (he, she, it) forms an exception: '-s', '-es' or '-ies' is added to the stem to form the present simple. Keep the following rules in mind when forming the third person singular of the present simple tense:
Add '-es' to the root of the verb to form the third person singular.
|Subject||To watch||To rush|
|He / she / it||watches||rushes|
For the third person singular the '-y' changes in '-i' and '-es' has to be added to the root.
|Subject||To study||To cry|
|He / she / it||studies||cries|
To form the third person singular of the other verbs, '-s' has to be added to the root. The table below shows the conjugation of the regular verbs 'to work', 'to sleep', 'to rush' and 'to study' in the present simple.
|Subject||To work||To sleep|
|He / she / it||works||sleeps|
The table below shows the conjugation of the irregular verbs 'to swim', 'to feel', 'to have' and 'to be'.
|Subject||To swim||To feel||To have||To be|
|He / she / it||swims||feels||has||is|
Practice your knowledge with the present simple exercises below!
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
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Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Ciao Robbie, thanks a lot for your feedback. I'm very happy you like the classes together and I'll do my best to keep them as fun and interesting as possible :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
Thank you Dan for the great review! A student like you makes everything easier. I hope to continue like that!
Thanks so much. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Maria Grazia L.
Thanks a lot for the nice review. It is a real pleasure to be able to help you with German.
Very good class with Margaux, a young woman with a lot of knowledge and a lot of vocabulary :)
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