The present simple tense in English is used for routines, habits, general actions and feelings.
How the present simple tense is formed, depends on whether the sentence is:
Structure: subject / pronoun + conjugated verb + rest of the sentence
Structure: subject / pronoun + auxiliary (form of to do + not) + verb + rest of the sentence.
The table below shows how the auxiliary is formed for every subject.
|You (singular)||do not|
|He / she / it||does not|
|You (plural)||do not|
The auxiliary forms are often contracted:
Structure: auxiliary (form of to do) + subject / pronoun + infinitive verb + rest of the sentence + question mark
The table below shows you all the situations in which the English present simple tense is used.
|You want to describe habits and routines.||
|You want to describe a general or scientific fact.||
|You want to describe an action that takes place, never takes place or is repeated constantly.||
|You want to describe an event that is probably happening in the future.||
|You want to refer to a past event. (In newspaper headlines and captions to photographs.)||
|You want to give instructions or indications||
You can recognize the use of the present simple tense when the sentence contains words as:
In the present simple the root is used to form the present simple. The third person singular (he, she, it) forms an exception: '-s', '-es' or '-ies' is added to the stem to form the present simple. Keep the following rules in mind when forming the third person singular of the present simple tense:
Add '-es' to the root of the verb to form the third person singular.
|Subject||To watch||To rush|
|He / she / it||watches||rushes|
For the third person singular the '-y' changes in '-i' and '-es' has to be added to the root.
|Subject||To study||To cry|
|He / she / it||studies||cries|
To form the third person singular of the other verbs, '-s' has to be added to the root. The table below shows the conjugation of the regular verbs 'to work', 'to sleep', 'to rush' and 'to study' in the present simple.
|Subject||To work||To sleep|
|He / she / it||works||sleeps|
The table below shows the conjugation of the irregular verbs 'to swim', 'to feel', 'to have' and 'to be'.
|Subject||To swim||To feel||To have||To be|
|He / she / it||swims||feels||has||is|
Practice your knowledge with the present simple exercises below!
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