• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • Present perfect tense in English

    In this chapter the present perfect will be explained. The present perfect talks about an action that happened in the past and continues in the present. When the action took place is not specified. 

    Structure and rules of the present perfect

    The present perfect is formed with the present simple of the auxiliary verb 'to have' and the past participle:

    to have + past participle

    The verb 'to have' has to be conjugated according to the subject of the sentence.

    The past participle of regular verbs is formed by adding '-ed' to the infinitive of the verb.

    • to talk - talked
    • to want - wanted
    • to listen - listened

    The irregular verbs have different endings. 

    • to eat - eaten
    • to drink - drunk
    • to run - run

    How the present perfect tense is formed depends on whether the sentence is:

    1. Affirmative: expresses the truth of a certain assertion.
    2. Negative: expresses the falsity of a certain assertion. 
    3. Interrogative: expresses a question.

    1. Affirmatives

    Structure: Subject + auxiliary verb 'to have' + past participle + rest of the sentence.

    Take a look at the table below to see the conjugation of the verb 'to have' in present simple tense. 

    Subject Verb 'to have'
    I have
    You have
    He / she / it has
    We have
    You have
    They  have

    Examples:

    • I have walked home.
    • She has played soccer.
    • We have run to the park.

    2. Negatives

    Structure: Subject + negative form of auxiliary verb 'to have' (have not / has not) + past participle + rest of the sentence.

    The table below will show you the conjugation of the negative form of the verb 'to have'.

    Subject Negative form of 'to have'
    I have not
    You have not
    He / she / it has not
    We have not
    You have not
    They have not

    Examples:

    • You have not read a book.
    • They have not walked to the store.
    • She has not been outside today.

    3. Interrogatives

    Structure: Auxiliary verb 'to have' + subject + past participle + rest of the sentence + question mark.

    Examples:

    • Have you lived in Amsterdam?
    • Has she drunk enough water?
    • Have they seen my sister?

    Usage of the present perfect tense

    The table below shows you the situations when to use the present perfect tense. 

    Situation Example

    Actions initiated in the past and continuing in the present

    • I have lived in Amsterdam for 5 years.
    • He has worked with her for two weeks. 

    When reference is made to an unfinished time period

    • I have not cycled to school this month.
    • I have seen my sister twice today. 

    Repeated action in a nonspecific period located between the past and the present

    • We have eaten at this restaurant many times. 
    • They have showed me their holiday pictures several times. 

    Actions concluded in a very recent past

    • I have just paid for our lunch. 
    • Have you already answered my email?

    When the temporal dimension is not relevant or known

    • I have studied Spanish and English.
    • Have you been to London?

    Present perfect signal words

    The use of the present simple tense can be recognized when the sentence contains one of the signal words in the table below. 

    Signal words Function Example
    For

    For + period of time: Means "during", indicating its duration to define a period of time before the present time.

    • My grandpa has worked there for 20 years.
    • They have been married for 6 months. 
    Since

    Since + concrete moment: Means "from", indicating the beginning of a period of time that is still going on.

    • Since this morning I have not eaten anything.
    • My grandma has lived here since 2010.
    Already

    To express an action that has happened earlier or sooner than expected.

    • I have already seen that movie.
    • We have already finished that series. 
    Ever

    It is used above all in questions, to explain if it has happened.

    • Have you ever slept outside?
    • Have they ever lived in another country?
    Never Used with actions that have not happened any time prior to the present.
    • I have never swam with sharks. 
    • She has never been out of Europe.
    Just

    Actions that happened in a very recent past.

    • I have just called my father. 
    • She has just arrived at the location. 
    Still

    For actions that have not happened or have not ended.

    • I still have not finished the assignment.
    • They still have not prepared the presentation. 
    Yet

    For actions that we hoped would have already happened but have not happened. It is used in negative phrases.

    • I have not had lunch yet.
    • We have not gone outside yet. 

    Train your skills by doing the exercises below!

     

    Exercises

    Fill in the present perfect tense in English

    Fill in the English conjugation of 'to have'

    Fill in the past participle in English

    Fill in the English present perfect tense