• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • In this part of the course you will learn all about the English present tense. The English tense has the following present tenses:

    This chapter will show you an overview of when to use the different present tenses. For a more detailed explanation of the tenses you can take a look at the different chapters of this course, where you will also find exercises to practice the tenses.

    Usage of the English present verb tenses

    1) Present simple tense

    To be able to conjugate the English verbs in the present simple, the root of the verb is used. The third person singular (he, she, it) forms an exception: '-s', '-es' or '-ies' is added to the stem to form the present simple. 

    • He does not eat meat.
    • She plays tennis.
    • The table is round. 

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    2) Present continuous tense

    To form the present continuous tense the verb 'to be' is used together with the main verb + '-ing'. 

    • She is studying Spanish.
    • I am doing my homework.
    • They are writing an email to their teacher. 

    3) Present perfect tense

    For the present perfect the verbs 'to have' and 'to be' are used together with the past participle.

    • They have read the chapter.
    • She has walked to the supermarket.
    • I have worked on the project. 

    4) Present perfect continuous tense

    For the present perfect continuous the auxiliary verb 'to have' is used, followed by the participle of the verb 'to be' plus the main verb + '-ing'. 

    • She has been crying all night. 
    • I have been working all day.
    • He has been studying all morning. 

    The table below gives you an overview of the different present tenses in English. 

    Tense Usage Example
    Present simple  The present simple is used to describe habits and routines. 
     
    •  I go to tennis twice a week.
    • I do my homework after school.

    Present continuous

    The present continuous tense is used to describe an action or event that is taking place in that moment. 
    • He is walking to school. 
    • They are reading in the library. 
    Present perfect  The present perfect is used to describe an action or event that happened in the past and  continues in the present.
    • I have lived in Amsterdam for 5 years.
    • He has worked with her for two weeks. 
    Present perfect continuous The present perfect continuous is used for actions that have started in the past, but continue in the present.
    • She has been waiting for over an hour. 
    • He has been working at the supermarket for four years. 

    In addition, in this part of the course the difference between the present simple and present continuous, and the difference between the past simple and present perfect.

    Do the exercise to practice the different tenses!

    Next lessons

    1 Present simple tense in English Learn everything about the English present simple.
    2 Present continuous tense in English Learn everything about the English present continuous.
    3 Present simple vs present continuous in English Learn about the difference between the English present simple and present continuous.
    4 Present perfect tense in English Learn all about the present perfect in English.
    5 Present perfect continuous tense in English Study the English present perfect continuous with this overview of the grammar.
    6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English Learn about the difference between past simple and present perfect in English.