• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • Gerund (-ing form) in English

    This chapter discusses the gerund in English. The gerund is a verb used as a noun. 

    Definition and usage of the English gerund

    The gerund in English looks the same as the present participle. The gerund functions as a noun in the sentence. 

    The table below will show the situations when the gerund is used. 

    Situation Example
    The gerund as subject in the sentence.
    • Brushing your teeth is important. 
    • Cycling is not allowed on the highway. 
    The gerund as additional function of the verb 'to be'. 
    • The best thing is watching movies in bed. 
    • The hardest thing to do is waking up early.
    The gerund after prepositions. 
    • He is good at drawing. 
    • They arrived in London after driving all night.
    The gerund after phrasal verbs.
    • She has a reason for being late.
    • They can not help looking at her. 
    The gerund in compound nouns. 
    • There is a swimming pool on this floor. 
    • She wears running shoes. 
    The gerund after infinitive verbs. 
    • She enjoys travelling to Asia. 
    • He should stop smoking. 

    enlightenedTake a look at the following chapters for a detailed explanation about the gerund after infinitive verbs, the gerund after prepositions, and the gerund after phrases.

    Rules to form the gerund

    To form the gerund from English verbs the following rule is applied:

    verb + ing

    However, there are some extra rules to keep in mind for certain verbs. 

    Verb Rule Example
    Verbs with a single syllable. Where a vowel is between two consonants, the last consonant must be duplicated.
    • to run - running
    • to stop - stopping
    Verbs with two syllables. Which ends in a vowel followed by a consonant. If the last consonant is stressed, it must be duplicated. 
    • to begin - beginning
    • to cut - cutting
    Verbs ending in '-ie'. The '-ie' must be changed to '-y'.
    • to lie - lying
    • to die - dying
    Verbs ending in '-l', The '-l' must be duplicated. The '-l' has to sounds like 'el' to be able to duplicate it. 
    • to travel - travelling
    • to cancel - cancelling
    Verbs ending in '-e'. The '-e' must be changed to '-ing'. 
    • to live - living
    • to dance - dancing

    enlightenedVerbs ending in '-e' must be changed to '-ing'. Except for the verb 'to be', this will be 'being'. 

    Train your skills by doing the exercises below!

    Exercises

    Exercise to fill in the gerund in English

    Practice the gerund in English

    Choose the correct gerund in English

    Next lessons

    1 Gerunds and infinitives in English Learn all about the gerunds that follow a verb.
    2 Gerund after prepositions in English Learn all about when a gerund follows a preposition.
    3 Gerund phrases in English Learn all about how the gerund is used in sentences!