• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • Reflexive pronouns definition

    Reflexive pronouns are most widely used when the object and the subject of a sentence are the same. They are also used to refer back to the subject and put an emphasis on what or who is being referred to in the expression or who is performing the action.

    Formulation: Reflexive pronouns are formed by adding the ending -self to the singular form pronouns and -selves for the plural forms. The primary stem varies from being subject and object pronoun, therefore, they need to be learned by heart from the table below to avoid any mistakes.

    Reflexive pronouns list

    Subject pronouns Reflexive pronouns Reflexive pronouns examples
    I Myself = My + self  challenged myself to run faster.
    You Yourself = Your + self Did you remove yourself from the list?
    He Himself Him + self He couldn't carry it himself.
    She Herself = Her + self  She sent me this letter herself.
    It Itself = It + self The dog barely saw it itself. 
    We Ourselves Our + selves We tried doing it ourselves but we failed.
    You Yourselves Your + selves  You can help yourselves to a drink.
    They Themselves = Them + selves They made the plan themselves last night. 

    enlightenedWarning: Be mindful as with reflexive pronouns the "You" form differs for singular and plural form. 

    English reflexive pronouns list: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

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    Reflexive pronouns and transitive verbs

    Reflexive pronouns and transitive verbs are often used together. The most commonly applied ones with reflexive pronouns are: blame, cut, enjoy, help, hurt, dry, introduce, prepare, teach.

    Transitive verbs examples:

    • He blames himself for what happened.
    • I taught myself how to play guitar.
    • She cut herself while moving the boxes.
    • He introduced it himself.

    Reflexive pronouns and "By"

    "By" accompanied by a reflexive pronoun is used to emphasize that an action has already been carried out and to indicate that the action is done by the person/s alone rather than by anyone else.

    Examples:

    • I live by myself again.
    • He is climbing by himself.
    • She cooked the paella herself.
    • They built this by themselves.