In this chapter the first conditional will be explained. This conditional refers to a real or possible situation.
The first conditional is used to refer to a real or possible situation. The first conditional is used to make warnings, to express facts or to make statements about reality and about particular situations.
The table below shows the usage of this conditional.
|You want to express probable events in the future.||
|You want to express warnings||
|You want to make statements about reality and about particular situations||
In the first conditional sentences a possible condition and the probable result are expressed.
Structure: If + present simple + future simple
The table below shows the structure of the first conditional sentences and the tenses that are used to form the sentences.
|If||Present simple||Future simple (will)||
As with all conditional sentences, the order of the two parts of the sentence are not fixed and can be modified without altering the meaning.
In the first conditional the verb 'will' can be replaced by modal verbs like: may, should or can to express an opinion or to change the probability of an event.
Test your knowledge of the first conditional with the exercises below.
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