• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • In this chapter the English past participle will be explained. The past participle is used to form many tenses. 

    How to form the English past participle?

    The past participles in English are formed from verbs. How the past participle is formed, depends on whether the verb is regular or irregular. 

    1) Past participle of regular verbs 

    To form the past participle of regular verbs, you have to add '-d' or '-ed' to the stem of the verb. 

    Stem of the verb + '-d' / '-ed' 

    Examples:

    • to wait - waited 
    • to book - booked 
    • to learn - learned 

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    2) Past participle of irregular verbs 

    The past participles of irregular verbs do not follow a certain pattern. These forms have to be memorized. 

    Examples:

    • to eat - eaten
    • to have - had
    • to win - won 

    Usage of the English past participle 

    The past participle of English verbs is used in tenses. For example to form the present perfect tense, the past perfect tense and the future perfect tense. Besides that past participles can be used as adjectives in participle phrases. 

    Situation Example
    The formation of the present perfect tense. 
    • I have walked home alone. 
    • Laura has played soccer. 
    The formation of the past perfect tense.
    • We had eaten our breakfast when we left home. 
    • She was very tired because she had not slept well. 
    The formation of the future perfect tense. 
    • They will have worked at the same company for five years next week. 
    • I will have prepared dinner before you come home. 
    The past participle as an adjective in participle phrases. These participle phrases describes something in the main clause. 
    • The boy taken to prison has been released. 
    • The burned toast tasted awful. 

    List of English past participles 

    The table below shows some examples of the regular and irregular past participles in English. 

    Verb  Past participle Example
    to eat eaten

    I had eaten salad before I went to the party. 

    to work worked You have worked at a pharmacy. 
    to become become She has become a doctor. 
    to break broken The broken window got fixed yesterday. 
    to buy bought I have bought fresh flowers at the market this morning. 
    to finish finished We will have finished the project before he comes back. 
    to catch caught Martina caught the ball during the game. 
    to freeze frozen He will be frozen when he gets home from playing in the snow. 
    to study studied Axel had already studied the Dutch language when he came to the Netherlands.
    to grow grown She is a grown woman now. 
    to burn burned The burned food tasted horrible. 
    to play played He has played the piano yesterday. 
    to hide hid/hidden They have hid the treasure in the woods. 
    to pay paid We will have paid our debts by the end of this month. 
    to speak spoken She had spoken about him, before he entered the room.