Singular nouns are used to refer or identify only one person, animal, quality, thing, place, or an idea. They provide the stem based on which a plural noun can be formed. Often the determiners "a", "an" or "the" are placed before them in a sentence.
Plural nouns are used to refer or identify more than one person, animal, quality, thing, place, or an idea. Through the use of the singular pronoun stem and several variations of suffixes, the plural nouns are formed.
The most common method to turn a singular noun into a plural noun is by adding an "-s" to them.
Warning: However, there are exceptions to the rule that we will show you below.
If the singular noun end with either "f" or "fe" they are exchanged by "ve" prior adding the plural "-s".
If the singular noun contains one of these endings there is an "-es" added after them to form their plural form.
If the singular noun ends with a "y" and the letter before it is a consonant it is replaced by "ies" to form the plural form. If the letter before it is a vowel you only need to add an "-s".
If the singular noun ends with a "sis" it is replaced by "ses" to form the plural form.
Irregular nouns don't follow the same formula previously explained. You need to memorize them to avoid making mistakes. In the tables below are the most commonly used ones.
In this case, the same word is used to describe both a singular and a plural noun. It needs to be understood from the context.
|Singular and plural|
In English, there are a few word exceptions that are only in plural form and have no singular form.
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