• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • What are singular nouns?

    Singular nouns definition

    Singular nouns are used to refer or identify only one person, animal, quality, thing, place, or an idea. They provide the stem based on which a plural noun can be formed. Often the determiners "a", "an" or "the" are placed before them in a sentence.

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    Singular nouns examples

    • Rope
    • Climber
    • Sherpa

    What are plural nouns?

    Plural nouns are used to refer or identify more than one person, animal, quality, thing, place, or an idea. Through the use of the singular pronoun stem and several variations of suffixes, the plural nouns are formed. 

    How to form plural nouns

    The most common method to turn a singular noun into a plural noun is by adding an "-s" to them.

    Singular Plural
    Rope Ropes
    Climber Climbers
    Bag Bags

    enlightenedWarning: However, there are exceptions to the rule that we will show you below.

    Singular nouns ending with "f" or "fe"

    If the singular noun end with either "f" or "fe" they are exchanged by "ve" prior adding the plural "-s".

    Singular Plural Exceptions
    Wife Wives Chefs
    Knife Knives Beliefs
    Wolf Wolves Roofs

    Singular nouns ending with “s”, “ss”, “sh”, "z", "o" “ch”, “x”

    If the singular noun contains one of these endings there is an "-es" added after them to form their plural form.

    Singular Plural
    Bus Buses
    Glass Glasses
    Dish Dishes
    Blitz Blitzes
    Tomato Tomatoes
    Crutch Cruches
    Box Boxes

    Singular nouns ending with "y"

    If the singular noun ends with a "y" and the letter before it is a consonant it is replaced by "ies" to form the plural form. If the letter before it is a vowel you only need to add an "-s".

    Singular Plural
    Baby Babies
    Party Parties
    City Cities
    Kitty Kitties
    Boy Boys
    Toy Toys

    Singular nouns ending with "sis"

    If the singular noun ends with a "sis" it is replaced by "ses" to form the plural form.

    Singular Plural
    Crisis Crises
    Analysis Analyses
    Diagnosis Diagnoses

    Irregular plural nouns

    Irregular nouns don't follow the same formula previously explained. You need to memorize them to avoid making mistakes. In the tables below are the most commonly used ones. 

    Irregular plural nouns list

    Singular Plural
    Person People
    Man Men
    Woman Women
    Child Children
    Foot Feet
    Tooth Teeth
    Mouse Mice
    Datum Data
    Goose Geese

    Constant noun

    In this case, the same word is used to describe both a singular and a plural noun. It needs to be understood from the context. 

    Singular and plural
    Sheep
    Fish
    Deer
    Salmon
    Species 

    Nouns that are only plural

    In English, there are a few word exceptions that are only in plural form and have no singular form.

    Nouns
    Jeans
    Trousers
    Shorts
    Clothes
    Glasses
    Savings
    Stairs
    Scissors