• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • In this chapter the English alphabet will be explained. How many letters does the alphabet have? What does the alphabet look like? And how is the pronunciation of the different letters? 

    How many letters does the English alphabet have? 

    The English language uses the Latin alphabet in its core and consists of 26 letters. It is vital to learn the alphabet as foundation for the learning of any language. 

    The 26 letters of the English alphabet 

    The table below shows you a list of all the letters of the English alphabet in capital or small letters, their individual pronunciation and how they sound when used in a word. 

    Capital letters Small letters Letter pronunciation Pronunciation examples
    A a [ei] Apple
    B b [bi] Bus
    C c [si] Cut
    D d [di] Dinner
    E e [i] Enjoy 
    F f [ef] Fox
    G g [gi] Garden
    H h [eich] Hunter
    I i [ai] Irregular
    J j [jei] Jewerly 
    K k [kei] Kind 
    L l [el] Leprechaun
    M m [em] Mirror
    N n [en] New
    O o [ou] Old 
    P p [pi] Prison
    Q q [kiu] Quarterly
    R r [ar] Reason
    S s [es] Singular
    T t [ti] Traveler
    U u [yu] Usual
    V v [vi] Vegetarian
    W w [dobeliu] Wanted
    X x [ecs] Xenophobia 
    Y y [uái] Yellow 
    Z z [cet] Zero

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    Capitalization in English

    When do you use a capital letter in English? The following table shows an overview of the rules of capitalization in English. 

    Rule Example
    1. You write a capital letter at the beginning of the sentence. He likes to play soccer. 
    2. Capitalize the first word in quotations. She said, 'That is not fair.' 
    3. You write a capital letter for proper nouns: names of people, specific places, companies, and things.  I moved to Spain last January. 
    4. Titles of persons get a capital letter when they replace the use of a name or before a name. Sincerely,
    P
    rince Harry
    5. Capitalize directions that refer to specific regions. I live in Northern Spain. 

    6. Names of books, movies  and other publications get a capital letter.

    The Hunger Games
    7. Capitalize days, months and holidays. Her birthday is in July.
    8. Capitalize cities, nationalities, countries and languages.  They are German.
    9. Some time periods and events get a capital letter.  World War II was a dark period in the history.