Demonstrative pronouns are used to point to something and determine their location in time and space (distance). As with other pronouns, they replace the noun and stand on their own, therefore, generally it is necessary that the noun they replace has already been discussed or the context is understandable by the listener or reader.
There are only four demonstrative pronouns - this, that, these, those. They only differ whether they are used to refer to a singular or plural noun and based on whether they are close or far in time and space. The rules from the table below are applicable in all cases:
Demonstrative pronouns list: this, that, these, those
Demonstrative pronouns and demonstrative adjectives use the same words we already showed you in this lesson. However, they are used to express different things as you can see in the table below:
|Pronoun||It can stand alone and the context is known. It replaces the noun.||This is delicious.|
|Adjective||It qualifies a noun and is placed right before it in a sentence.||This cake is delicious.|
1. We use "This" to present animals, things, places, and people.
2. We use "That" to refer to something in the past:
3. We previously told you that the context generally needs to be known by the listener. However, in some more rare cases "This" is used to refer to a situation that might not be known by the listener but by the speaker.
4. To identify yourself and others on a phone call we use "this" and "that". It is the appropriate phone conversation etiquette.
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