• English grammar
  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • This section discusses all the English verbs, including the conjugation of the verbs in different tenses, modal verbs, infinitives, regular and irregular verbs and many more. This chapter will give you a general overview of the topics discussed in the subchapters of this course. 

    The 12 verb tenses of the English language

    Verbs are words that describe what happens during an action and when (present, past or future) this action happened. A verb can also suggest something, express a possibility or obligation using modal verbs.

    The English language consists of 12 tenses, all having a different conjugation. Take a look at the table below to see an overview of the 12 tenses.

      Present Past Future
    Simple I study in Spain. I lived in England. I will come to the party.
    Continuous I am studying in Spain. I was living in England. I will be coming to the party.
    Perfect I have studied in Spain. I had lived in England. I will have come to the party.
    Perfect continuous I have been studying in Spain. I had been living in England. I will have been coming to the party.

    Uses of verb tenses in English

    1. Present tense
    2. Past tense
      • Past simple: for describing a completed action that took place in the past.
      • Past continuous: to describe actions starting in the past and are still continuing in the present. 
      • Past perfect: to indicate that an action in the past occurred before another action also in the past. 
      • Past perfect continuous: to describe actions that were going on in the past until another action in the past occurred. 
    3. Future tense

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    Auxiliary verbs in English

    The English auxiliary verbs are used for the different verb tenses. The three auxiliary verbs are 'to be', 'to have', and 'to do'. The auxiliary verbs 'will' and 'would' are also modal verbs, and will be discussed in that chapter. 

      Affirmatives Negatives Interrogatives Example
    Verb 'to be'
    • am / is / are
    • was / were
    • am not / is not / are not
    • was not / were not
    • Am / Is / Are
    • Was / Were
    • She is a doctor.
    • Was she a doctor?
    Verb 'to have'
    • have / has
    • had
    • have not / has not
    • had not
    • Have / Has
    • Had
    • I have a book.
    • They had a cat. 
    Verb 'to do'
    • do / does
    • did
    • do not / does not
    • did not
    • Do / Does
    • Did
    • Do you want to go to the cinema?
    • Did you go to the cinema?

    English participles

    The English participles are used for the different tenses. The present participle is used to show a continuous action. The past participle is used to form the present perfect, past perfect and future perfect. 

    Participle Example
    Present participle

    I was talking to her. 

    Present participle She has played soccer. 

    Modal verbs

    Modal verbs are used to give a certain attitude towards another verb in English. These modal verbs are not conjugated. 

    Modal verb Use Example
    Can Ability, permission, possibility She can come tonight.
    Could Ability, permission, possibility They could help you later. 
    May Permission, possibility The customers may use the staff bathroom. 
    Might Permission, possibility, probablity It might snow next weekend. 
    Will Prediction, promise, habits I will finish the assignment.
    Would Wish, habits in the past They wish you would study with them.
    Shall Suggestion Shall I carry that for you?
    Should Advice, obligation You should stop smoking.
    Must Obligation, prohibition You must clean your room. 

    Phrasal verbs

    The phrasal verbs are made up of a main verb and a proposition or an adverb. The English phrasal verbs have different meanings than the verb on its own. 

    • We broke up two months ago. 
    • He is always showing off with his grades. 

    English regular verbs

    The English regular verbs are all conjugated with the same structure for the present and past tense. 

    • He plays the piano.
    • He played the piano.

    English irregular verbs

    The English irregular verbs all have their own form in the present and past tense.

    • He buys a new bike.
    • He bought a new bike.

    The gerund (-ing form)

    The gerund in English is a verb used as a noun. It looks the same as the present participle, but the function is different.

    • Brushing your teeth is important.
    • He wears running shoes. 

    English infinitives 

    The infinitives in English are the base forms of the verbs, with 'to' in front of them. 

    • To work - He wants to work in a small company.
    • To clean - He needs to clean the kitchen.

    English imperatives

    The English imperative is used to give orders and instructions. The imperative is formed with the infinitive of the verb. 

    • Sit down!
    • Be quiet!

    Reported speech

    The reported speech in English is used to talk about what someone said in the past.

    • He said that he read the book.
    • I asked what time she would arrive.

    Active and passive voice

    The English active and passive voice are not tenses, but are about the structure of the sentence and differ in who performs the action.

    • She reads a book. (Active)
    • The book is read by her. (Passive)

    enlightenedIf you study these chapters, you will improve your English speaking and writing skills. There are exercises in every chapter to practice what you have learned in that chapter. 

    Next lessons

    1 Present tenses in English Learn the English present tenses with this overview of the grammar.
    2 Past tenses in English Learn everything about the English past tenses with this overview of the rules.
    3 Future tenses in English Study the English future tenses with this overview of the grammar.
    4 Auxiliary verbs in English Learn all about the auxiliary verbs in English
    5 Present participle in English Learn all about the present participle in English.
    6 Past participle in English Learn the English past participle with this overview of the rules and exceptions.
    7 Modal verbs in English Learn all about the English modal verbs.
    8 Phrasal verbs in English Study the English phrasal verbs with this overview of the grammar.
    9 Regular verbs in English Learn all about the English regular verbs.
    10 Irregular verbs in English Learn all about the English irregular verbs.
    11 Gerund (-ing form) in English Learn all about the gerund in English.
    12 Infinitive verbs in English Study the infinitive verbs in English with this overview of the grammar.
    13 Imperative in English Learn all about the English imperatives.
    14 Reported speech in English Learn the directed speech in English with this overview of the rules.
    15 Active and passive voice in English Learn all about the active and passive voice in English.