This section discusses all the English verbs, including the conjugation of the verbs in different tenses, modal verbs, infinitives, regular and irregular verbs and many more. This chapter will give you a general overview of the topics discussed in the subchapters of this course.
Verbs are words that describe what happens during an action and when (present, past or future) this action happened. A verb can also suggest something, express a possibility or obligation using modal verbs.
The English language consists of 12 tenses, all having a different conjugation. Take a look at the table below to see an overview of the 12 tenses.
|Simple||I study in Spain.||I lived in England.||I will come to the party.|
|Continuous||I am studying in Spain.||I was living in England.||I will be coming to the party.|
|Perfect||I have studied in Spain.||I had lived in England.||I will have come to the party.|
|Perfect continuous||I have been studying in Spain.||I had been living in England.||I will have been coming to the party.|
The English auxiliary verbs are used for the different verb tenses. The three auxiliary verbs are 'to be', 'to have', and 'to do'. The auxiliary verbs 'will' and 'would' are also modal verbs, and will be discussed in that chapter.
|Verb 'to be'||
|Verb 'to have'||
|Verb 'to do'||
The English participles are used for the different tenses. The present participle is used to show a continuous action. The past participle is used to form the present perfect, past perfect and future perfect.
I was talking to her.
|Present participle||She has played soccer.|
Modal verbs are used to give a certain attitude towards another verb in English. These modal verbs are not conjugated.
|Can||Ability, permission, possibility||She can come tonight.|
|Could||Ability, permission, possibility||They could help you later.|
|May||Permission, possibility||The customers may use the staff bathroom.|
|Might||Permission, possibility, probablity||It might snow next weekend.|
|Will||Prediction, promise, habits||I will finish the assignment.|
|Would||Wish, habits in the past||They wish you would study with them.|
|Shall||Suggestion||Shall I carry that for you?|
|Should||Advice, obligation||You should stop smoking.|
|Must||Obligation, prohibition||You must clean your room.|
The phrasal verbs are made up of a main verb and a proposition or an adverb. The English phrasal verbs have different meanings than the verb on its own.
The English regular verbs are all conjugated with the same structure for the present and past tense.
The English irregular verbs all have their own form in the present and past tense.
The gerund in English is a verb used as a noun. It looks the same as the present participle, but the function is different.
The infinitives in English are the base forms of the verbs, with 'to' in front of them.
The English imperative is used to give orders and instructions. The imperative is formed with the infinitive of the verb.
The reported speech in English is used to talk about what someone said in the past.
The English active and passive voice are not tenses, but are about the structure of the sentence and differ in who performs the action.
If you study these chapters, you will improve your English speaking and writing skills. There are exercises in every chapter to practice what you have learned in that chapter.
|1 Present tenses in English|
|2 Past tenses in English|
|3 Future tenses in English|
|4 Auxiliary verbs in English|
|5 Present participle in English|
|6 Past participle in English|
|7 Modal verbs in English|
|8 Phrasal verbs in English|
|9 Regular verbs in English|
|10 Irregular verbs in English|
|11 Gerund (-ing form) in English|
|12 Infinitive verbs in English|
|13 Imperative in English|
|14 Reported speech in English|
|15 Active and passive voice in English|
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