This section discusses all the English verbs, including the conjugation of the verbs in different tenses, modal verbs, infinitives, regular and irregular verbs and many more. This chapter will give you a general overview of the topics discussed in the subchapters of this course.
- 1.The 12 verb tenses of the English language
- 1.1.Uses of verb tenses in English
- 2.Auxiliary verbs in English
- 3.English participles
- 4.Modal verbs
- 5.Phrasal verbs
- 6.English regular verbs
- 7.English irregular verbs
- 8.The gerund (-ing form)
- 9.English infinitives
- 10.English imperatives
- 11.Reported speech
- 12.Active and passive voice
The 12 verb tenses of the English language
Verbs are words that describe what happens during an action and when (present, past or future) this action happened. A verb can also suggest something, express a possibility or obligation using modal verbs.
The English language consists of 12 tenses, all having a different conjugation. Take a look at the table below to see an overview of the 12 tenses.
|Simple||I study in Spain.||I lived in England.||I will come to the party.|
|Continuous||I am studying in Spain.||I was living in England.||I will be coming to the party.|
|Perfect||I have studied in Spain.||I had lived in England.||I will have come to the party.|
|Perfect continuous||I have been studying in Spain.||I had been living in England.||I will have been coming to the party.|
Uses of verb tenses in English
- Present tense
- Present simple: to describe habits and routines.
- Present continuous: to describe an action or event that is taking place in that moment.
- Present perfect: to describe an action or event that happened in the past and continues in the present.
- Present perfect continuous: for actions that have started in the past, but continue in the present.
- Past tense
- Past simple: for describing a completed action that took place in the past.
- Past continuous: to describe actions starting in the past and are still continuing in the present.
- Past perfect: to indicate that an action in the past occurred before another action also in the past.
- Past perfect continuous: to describe actions that were going on in the past until another action in the past occurred.
- Future tense
- Future simple: to refer to a time later than now, and can express facts.
- Future continuous: to describe an action that will be happening in the future.
- Future perfect: to refer to an action that is completed in the future.
- Future perfect continuous: to refer to actions that are currently unfinished but will be finished in the future.
Auxiliary verbs in English
The English auxiliary verbs are used for the different verb tenses. The three auxiliary verbs are 'to be', 'to have', and 'to do'. The auxiliary verbs 'will' and 'would' are also modal verbs, and will be discussed in that chapter.
|Verb 'to be'|
|Verb 'to have'|
|Verb 'to do'|
The English participles are used for the different tenses. The present participle is used to show a continuous action. The past participle is used to form the present perfect, past perfect and future perfect.
I was talking to her.
|Present participle||She has played soccer.|
Modal verbs are used to give a certain attitude towards another verb in English. These modal verbs are not conjugated.
|Can||Ability, permission, possibility||She can come tonight.|
|Could||Ability, permission, possibility||They could help you later.|
|May||Permission, possibility||The customers may use the staff bathroom.|
|Might||Permission, possibility, probablity||It might snow next weekend.|
|Will||Prediction, promise, habits||I will finish the assignment.|
|Would||Wish, habits in the past||They wish you would study with them.|
|Shall||Suggestion||Shall I carry that for you?|
|Should||Advice, obligation||You should stop smoking.|
|Must||Obligation, prohibition||You must clean your room.|
The phrasal verbs are made up of a main verb and a proposition or an adverb. The English phrasal verbs have different meanings than the verb on its own.
- We broke up two months ago.
- He is always showing off with his grades.
English regular verbs
The English regular verbs are all conjugated with the same structure for the present and past tense.
- He plays the piano.
- He played the piano.
English irregular verbs
The English irregular verbs all have their own form in the present and past tense.
- He buys a new bike.
- He bought a new bike.
The gerund (-ing form)
The gerund in English is a verb used as a noun. It looks the same as the present participle, but the function is different.
- Brushing your teeth is important.
- He wears running shoes.
The infinitives in English are the base forms of the verbs, with 'to' in front of them.
- To work - He wants to work in a small company.
- To clean - He needs to clean the kitchen.
The English imperative is used to give orders and instructions. The imperative is formed with the infinitive of the verb.
- Sit down!
- Be quiet!
The reported speech in English is used to talk about what someone said in the past.
- He said that he read the book.
- I asked what time she would arrive.
Active and passive voice
The English active and passive voice are not tenses, but are about the structure of the sentence and differ in who performs the action.
- She reads a book. (Active)
- The book is read by her. (Passive)
If you study these chapters, you will improve your English speaking and writing skills. There are exercises in every chapter to practice what you have learned in that chapter.
What our students say
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My name is Barbara.
I used to live in Ireland, in the UK, in Italy and at the moment in Spain. I have spent much time in the USA and Scandinavia as well. I have been flying around the world as a flight attendant for approx. 13 years.
I am also a qualified tour guide and a qualified ENGLISH TEACHER.
I love teaching and I believe it is really important to learn foreign languages, to get to know different nations, cultures in order to have a better idea of the world. English can be a key to open a new world for you and eliminate the barriers you have at the moment.
Oh! and I've almost forgotten to tell you:
I'm an ITALIAN TEACHER too
IN CASE your problem is not the English language, but you have a problem when you need to order a good PIZZA, CAPPUCCINO or some delicious SPAGHETTI during your stay in ITALY or you need to get ready for an internship or you want to learn ITALIAN for any other reason, I can teach you and help you improve your ITALIAN!
Are you still hungry and you want to keep filling your stomach in HUNGARY? I can also give you some HUNGARIAN LESSONS from beginner to advanced level! (of course if you like Goulash- Gulyàs, I can give you the original recipe!)
If you think you need ENGLISH, ITALIAN and/or HUNGARIAN for your goals and dreams, get in touch and we can plan some lessons for you.
TEFL/TESOL qualified English Teacher
168 hours Tefl Org, Scotland, UK
40 hours Tefl Online Teaching, Tefl Org, Scotland, UK
30 hours Tefl Online Teaching, Tefl Institution, Ireland
TEFL/TESOL Online Teaching Practicum, Tefl Org., Scotland, UK
I can teach you Conversational English, Business English, Prepare you for an exam or teach English to your kids. Or/and we can do all these in ITALIAN and HUNGARIAN too!
Hope to see you soon in class.
I’m very happy with my teacher! Barbara is so kind, helpful and she has a lot of knowledge to share. She is preparing me for some English exams, it is going quicker and better than I expected. Thank you so much!!!!!!!!
Thanks so much for the kind words Em! It takes two. You really put your heart and mind to your goal. Very well done. Keep up the good work and you will see the results. See you in class :-)
I am Teacher Adan and I want you to speak and write English / Spanish. I have worked as an English teacher for more than 3 years with different groups and ages. I have also taught private classes, prepared students for international certifications and improved speaking in one to one lessons. The vast majority of my students succee when we work together as a team in the journey of learning a foreign language. As a result of my years of preparation and practice, I have got a university degree where I had the chance to teach subjects from my career in my senior year as well. I obtained a couple of certifications of trainings and seminars that I have been invited to and I recently obtained an international teaching certification (TEFL) and the English proficiency certificate in C2 level (advanced).
But let's focus on you and your interest in speaking a new language, I invite you to become part of my multiple students and finally be able to communicate in a different language even if your purpose is either for business, education or just for fun.
In my classes I involve my students with topics they are interested in, so that by the moment of speaking it is easy for them to discuss or give their point of view. I use technology to play games such as Kahoot, Google plataform, Charades, Quizizz and Kami. My students are always active producing and doing something so that the class is engaging and dinamic rather than only listening to the teacher. My methodology of work is based on having a learning environment where everyone can ask and participate in the language my students are learning. My main focus is to make everyone understand what I teach and how they can use in real life situations the content I give.
My learning materials are a book updated with the latest methods while learning a foreign language based on Person's content, the on-line tools I mentioned before so my students can develop interactive worksheets, speaking tasks, writings or vocabulary games and you (my student), who is the key to develop a well structured class with learning purposes.
I would love to receive an email from you in case of doubts or confirmation of the schedule for the class and get ready to become the next English / Spanish speaker.
Adan is a very profesional teacher. One of the things I like the most is that he is very flexible person and adapts to my ability. Im really pleased with him.
Thanks Nuria. You are such a really good student too and dedicated. See you back in class soon.
Good day there...
My name is Teresa (Teacher Tess), and I live in South Africa
I manage an afterschool care centre called “The Lighthouse”
I care for 3 – 6 year old's in the afternoons
Having taught children of various ages over the years before this, I have decided that this is my favourite age group. They are so loving and not afraid to show how they feel.
I love having fun playing games with them, doing crafts and telling stories.
I have built meaningful relationships with many of them. I look forward to seeing them each day as they run up to say hello and give me a big hug.
I also love to see their smiling faces at the end of the day when they go home because then I know I’ve done a good job in keeping them happy.
I have spent most of my career studying education and tutoring children.
I volunteered in High school with SMILE Education to teach English to African pupils.
I worked for a number of years tutoring maths for KUMON Education. I tutored maths privately.
I worked for a time teaching high school maths.
So I have worked with many many children over the years.
My qualifications specific to the requirements of this position would be my National Certificate in Early Childhood Development as well as my Certificate in the Principles of Developmental Psychology, both of which I obtained through INTEC College.
I have also recently completed a 168 hour TEFL qualification.
My style of teaching is one where I try to keep the students motivated, to be sensitive to their needs and most importantly to observe and listen to them carefully to make sure they understand.
Methods i use include:
TPR (Total Physical Response) - this is using a lot of body language and gestures to emphasize meaning.
Colourful Props - to keep the child's attention.
Reward systems - to motivate participation.
Games and songs - to make the lesson fun
I absolutely love what I do and would love to meet you and embark on this exciting journey through the English language with your treasured child.
Teresa was so polite, knowledgeable and well prepared. She made the lesson super fun for my son, and he learnt so much even though it was such a short time. Well done on recruiting such a gem!
It was such a pleasure giving a lesson to Ethan. I'm so glad it was thoroughly enjoyed.
Hi! My name is Elisabetta, I’m from Italy and I can provide professional Italian, Spanish and English language lessons for all levels. I am an open and friendly person, but also very rigorous with my job and I expect my students be the same, that is positive and committed. The language course I am offering will be tailored to your specific needs and we’ll together find the best way to reach your goal: learn a new language and enjoying while doing it!
Elisabetta is a teacher who manages to convey love for her work. It follows you on your path of growth and strongly supports you. He follows different teaching methods according to the needs and priorities of the moment. Punctual, precise and super helpful. That's what I was looking for! Thanks
Thank you very much dear, I send you a hug :)
Hi, welcome to my profile!
My name is Alessia and I currently live in Italy. I lived some years in America where I deepened my knowledge of English and American dialects. I am currently specializing in the Spanish and German. In all these years I have given private lessons of Italian, English, Spanish and Japanese, at the moment the most required language. Regarding Japanese, I had the opportunity to experience the teaching of the language in an American College with a native Japanese teacher, implementing the method that they themselves use to learn their language. I will help you in a simple way; conversation is really important to learn a language and even more a good method. No days spent on textbooks are needed, constancy and fun during lessons are the most important part for learning. You will see the results immediately! I am patient, flexible and I will adapt in all ways to your personal needs. I'll wait for you on my profile for the trial lesson and discover an easy and fun method to learn a language as soon as possible.
The teacher is always on time and uses perfect learning materials to learn the language. Very prepared in what she teaches and in the way she does it; very useful lessons!
Thank you Hilary!
Hello, my name is Corinne and I am a qualified ESL English teacher from England. I have been teaching in classrooms and online for over 3 years and I have many satisfied students. My lessons generally consist of a mixture of conversation and set exercises to help to improve both vocabulary and grammar. I encourage a lot of talking from my students and I give instant written correction so that they are able to recognise any grammatical errors they are making. I take note of repeated mistakes and set exercises for following lessons to address these mistakes accordingly. You will quickly notice an increase in your confidence in speaking English from our lessons, your vocabulary will increase and your grammar and sentence structure will improve. Together, we will reach your goals.
It is always a pleasure to have English lessons with Corinne. The lessons are always a lot of fun and extremely interesting concerning on current affairs and unfortunately the time always ends too early. Very recommended.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
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I will help you, in a simple but effective way, to learn your favorite language(s). By focusing on conversation from the very beginning, I will help you in becoming confident with the language so that you will learn it faster.
Learning a foreign language is not a matter of doing much effort, but rather of being consistent, enjoying the lessons and allowing your intuition to work with you. You will book immediate results while having fun!
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I'm looking forward to meeting you!
Serious and professional. Very clear in the explanation and very patient in explaining the uncertainties. Path taken constructive. I am very satisfied.
Hi Vanessa and thank you for your feedback! I am happy to know that you are satisfied and to witness your progress, class after class. It's a pleasure to work with you!
I am a BELIEVER!. Each of you has something to share, give and communicate with others. It's my job to help you do just that!.
English shouldn't be scary. Let me help you become more fluid and spontaneous. Let's break those barriers you've built over time and git rid of those nasty limitations you've created.
Professionals, adults and young adults are my specialties. I've been teaching, coaching, motivating for more than 18 years in a number of different situations: small businesses, multinational companies, the Italian Army, private and public schools, associations, as well as with professionals and individuals. I've also trained teachers working specifically with children and bilingualism and worked many students preparing for traditional language exams and certifications. If you need a personalized program, that's not a problem either!
My own personal experience with learning Italian helps me understand the challenges linked with learning a new language.
I can't wait to meet you! :-)
Marissa is a very professional teacher who can put the student at ease. It is precise, effective and oriented towards achieving the objectives: highly recommended.
Thanks so much Paola!!! I LOVE working with you guys and have enjoyed every moment. Even after this brief period, we can already start to see some changes. :-)
After living and working in the UK and Germany for many years, I moved to Spain where I have been living for the past sixteen years. Certified in London, I taught for language schools in Frankfurt and worked freelance in Spain teaching all levels. I try to get my students to talk as much as possible because in my experience there is often so much emphasis on learning all language rules that being able to communicate disappears into the background. Depending on the student´s goal, I adjust my classes so that we can achieve that goal as much as possible!
Very happy with teacher Eline! The lesson was very well prepared and a lot of fun. I recommend her to anyone who wants to learn the English language.
Thank you for your feedback Noelle, I will continue to do my very best for you!
Hello my dear future student!
It doesn’t matter how old you are, what is your level of a foreign language and why you want to learn it. If you are already here, then you are ready to plunge into the world of other cultures and this is without any doubt a really cool thing.
I can offer you lessons for any taste and purpose of English, Spanish, French or Russian. I am a diplomated translator with working experience as a tutor (including via Skype) and as a language school teacher. In the course of my professional activity, I worked with children from 6 years old, teenagers and adults up to 65 years old.
I love languages and I want to make YOU loving them as much as I do.
Let's start this adventure together cause "there's no better time than now".
See you soon!
Very good teacher. Listening to our expectations, give good explanations and always smiling. Very flexible in terms of schedules!
Thank you Kelly! The pleasure is mine to work with you :)
I am a certified TEFL teacher and have taught ESL for the past three years. I can help you become more confident in speaking the English language which I believe is one of the most important parts of learning a language. If you want to pass exams I can also help you prepare for them and create lessons focused on listening, writing, oral and reading. I love traveling and if you are interested we can talk about the difference in cultures or any known sites in that country. We can speak about any categories you choose from politics to nature, I can build a class on that. I will help you in any way you can from beginners to advance I want to help you learn English!
I liked the conversion we had - teacher changed topic few time topic in the right direction and it help very much for speaking.
I Offer English teaching, Phonics, word and sound pronunciation.
My lessons are aimed at children aged 2- 8.
I do general English conversation for older groups too.
Lets build a bright future and expand our knowledge.
If there is something I do not offer , please ket me know as we can try and do a specific lesson.
Stories, flash card, books and other items are used in lessons to make it fun.
Inge was great with my daughter who is 5 . It was a fun lesson and I will definitely book again . Thank you for making my daughter have a good lesson .
Hello, my name is Allison! I have been teaching German for four years and English for two. I work to fit my lessons my students' needs as well as trying to make them enjoyable.
In terms of special topics, I have experience giving lessons in German pronunciation. Also, in addition to my BA in German Studies, I also have an undergraduate degree in music.
Thank you for your time. I look forward to meeting you!
After nearly 100 lessons still interesting, lot of fun and many things I learned. I feel able to talk and follow conversations with others. Thanks a lot!
I believe learning should be fun and interactive!
I would love to help you in any way I can, to improve your knowledge of English.
I love making beginners feel comfortable, and developing conversations or grammar with those who are more experienced in English!
I am very used to teaching children whose second language is English.
I love teaching and watching children come alive with individual attention, and tailoring my teaching style to their personalities. I enjoy being animated with my students!
I am comfortable teaching children and adults.
I am a South African and have a Business degree. I worked in Finance and Marketing for 7 years for Volkswagen South Africa.
I am extroverted and I love people!
I have homeschooled my children from the 2nd grade through to the 7th grade.
I have taught Life Skills to 8 year olds at a Primary School for three years.
Currently, I tutor 1st and 2nd graders at a school where the children are learning in English as a SECOND language.
I believe my personality, teaching experience and work ethic make me a great teacher!
Cristina it's very funny and smilimg Person! Her english Is clear! Very good lesson with her! Thanks Cristina!!
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I am a med student, also I am an active Red Cross volunteer. I worked with both children and adults. If you need some help with reading, listening, writing or speaking in Serbian or English, feel free to contact me. I am looking forward to meeting you. :)