• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • Infinitive verbs in English

    In this chapter you will learn about the infinitive verbs. What are infinitive verbs and how can you use them in English?

    What are infinitive verbs in English?

    Infinitives are the base forms of verbs with 'to' in front of them. Examples of infinitive verbs:

    • To cook - He likes to cook.
    • To live - We like to live in Germany.
    • To swim - My dog loves to swim in the sea.

    The negative form of the infinitive verbs is formed by adding 'not' before 'to':

    • Not to cook - I was asked not to cook tonight. 
    • Not to live - He was told not to live there. 
    • Not to swim - I told him not to swim there. 

    When to use infinitive verbs? 

    The table below shows the situations in which the infinitive verbs in English are used. 

    Situation Example
    The infinitive verb is a subject in a sentence.
    • To work as a designer is my dream. 
    • To write in Greek is difficult. 
    To indicate the reason why something happens.
    • They came to Spain to work at a company. 
    • I pay for the ticket to go to the concert. 
    In sentences with the structure it + verb 'to be' + adjective /noun the infinitive verb is used.
    • It is impossible to find a restaurant here. 
    • It is very nice to meet you. 
    After adjectives that express moods, the infinitive verbs are used. 
    • I am happy to see you again. 
    • He is very pleased to meet you. 
    Infinitive verbs are used as an object complement after certain verbs. 
    • I want to improve my English. 
    • She did not remember to bring my book. 

    List of the most common infinitive verbs in English

    The table below shows a list of common infinitive verbs in English and example phrases.

    Infinitives 

    Example
    To agree She did agree to go on a holiday with me in the end.
    To advise  I had to advise people about their insurances. 
    To afford They are not able to afford that car.
    To appear He manages to appear when something bad is about to happen. 
    To ask Are you afraid to ask her on a date?
    To attempt You can try to attempt to control him, but it's never going to work. 
    To be able to How can you be able to do something like this?
    To beg The girl has to beg in the streets of Barcelona. 
    To care He doesn't seem to care about other people.
    To choose It is sometimes difficult to choose an outfit. 
    To claim We planned to claim you. 
    To come Maria promised to come to my party. 
    To consent He had no choice but to consent to the plan. 
    To dare They only were there to dare him to do it. 
    To decide We have to decide what we are going to eat tonight. 
    To demand I don't like to demand things. 
    To deserve She has to deserve the prize. 
    To determine It is hard to determine whose fault the accident was. 
    To elect America is about to elect a president. 
    To expect What to expect when you are going to Indonesia?
    To fail Try not to fail your exams this semester. 
    To forget He asked her to forget about her problems. 
    To get We tried to get a bag of crisps, but the supermarket was closed. 
    To grow (up) Some people just don't want to grow up. 
    To guarantee We have to guarantee a great time. 
    To have It is nice to have a big group of friends. 
    To help It is a kind thing to help other people. 
    To hesitate He is always the one to hesitate the most. 
    To hope Sandra has to hope for the best when it comes to graduating this year. 
    To hurry We have to hurry, we are very late. 
    To invite They want to invite him to the party. 
    To learn She has to learn English. 
    To manage I don't know how to manage this. 
    To mean She has to mean it, before I believe it. 
    To need Children are likely to need their parents when growing up. 
    To neglect He was the one to neglect his tasks.
    To offer He was about to offer a big discount to us. 
    To order We want to order chinese food tonight. 
    To pay You have to pay at the counter. 
    To persuade You have to persuade happiness in life. 
    To plan They have to plan their holiday to Italy. 
    To prepare She was the first one to prepare her suitcases. 
    To promise You have to promise me that you will come home at twelve. 
    To prove I have nothing to prove to you. 
    To refuse She had to refuse the job offer. 
    To remain Nina had to remain at home, because she was sick. 
    To remember It is hard to remember things that happened a long time ago. 
    To request I had to request a special book at the library. 
    To resolve Hopefully they are going to resolve this peacefully. 
    To say We had to say something nice about her. 
    To seek You want to seek happiness. 
    To seem Carla used to seem shy, but she is actually very spontaneous. 
    To swear I had to swear I would not tell anyone his secret. 
    To tend She is likely to tend to talk too much when she is nervous. 
    To threaten The accident seemed to threaten Simone. 
    To try They would like to try fresh salmon today.
    To turn out This had to turn out the wrong way. 
    To venture They are not likely to venture. 
    To volunteer I went to Africa to volunteer. 
    To wait We had to wait for our food. 
    To want Toby is likely to want adventure. 
    To wish I want to wish you good luck on your exams. 
    To yearn He sat down to yearn over his dad's fate. 

    Test your knowledge of the infinitive in English by doing the exercises below.

    Exercises

    Practice the English infinitive verbs

    Exercise to practice the English infinitive verbs

    Choose the correct infinitive verbs in English