In this chapter you will learn about the infinitive verbs. What are infinitive verbs and how can you use them in English?
Infinitives are the base forms of verbs with 'to' in front of them. Examples of infinitive verbs:
The negative form of the infinitive verbs is formed by adding 'not' before 'to':
The table below shows the situations in which the infinitive verbs in English are used.
|The infinitive verb is a subject in a sentence.|
|To indicate the reason why something happens.|
|In sentences with the structure it + verb 'to be' + adjective /noun the infinitive verb is used.|
|After adjectives that express moods, the infinitive verbs are used.|
|Infinitive verbs are used as an object complement after certain verbs.|
The table below shows a list of common infinitive verbs in English and example phrases.
|To agree||She did agree to go on a holiday with me in the end.|
|To advise||I had to advise people about their insurances.|
|To afford||They are not able to afford that car.|
|To appear||He manages to appear when something bad is about to happen.|
|To ask||Are you afraid to ask her on a date?|
|To attempt||You can try to attempt to control him, but it's never going to work.|
|To be able to||How can you be able to do something like this?|
|To beg||The girl has to beg in the streets of Barcelona.|
|To care||He doesn't seem to care about other people.|
|To choose||It is sometimes difficult to choose an outfit.|
|To claim||We planned to claim you.|
|To come||Maria promised to come to my party.|
|To consent||He had no choice but to consent to the plan.|
|To dare||They only were there to dare him to do it.|
|To decide||We have to decide what we are going to eat tonight.|
|To demand||I don't like to demand things.|
|To deserve||She has to deserve the prize.|
|To determine||It is hard to determine whose fault the accident was.|
|To elect||America is about to elect a president.|
|To expect||What to expect when you are going to Indonesia?|
|To fail||Try not to fail your exams this semester.|
|To forget||He asked her to forget about her problems.|
|To get||We tried to get a bag of crisps, but the supermarket was closed.|
|To grow (up)||Some people just don't want to grow up.|
|To guarantee||We have to guarantee a great time.|
|To have||It is nice to have a big group of friends.|
|To help||It is a kind thing to help other people.|
|To hesitate||He is always the one to hesitate the most.|
|To hope||Sandra has to hope for the best when it comes to graduating this year.|
|To hurry||We have to hurry, we are very late.|
|To invite||They want to invite him to the party.|
|To learn||She has to learn English.|
|To manage||I don't know how to manage this.|
|To mean||She has to mean it, before I believe it.|
|To need||Children are likely to need their parents when growing up.|
|To neglect||He was the one to neglect his tasks.|
|To offer||He was about to offer a big discount to us.|
|To order||We want to order chinese food tonight.|
|To pay||You have to pay at the counter.|
|To persuade||You have to persuade happiness in life.|
|To plan||They have to plan their holiday to Italy.|
|To prepare||She was the first one to prepare her suitcases.|
|To promise||You have to promise me that you will come home at twelve.|
|To prove||I have nothing to prove to you.|
|To refuse||She had to refuse the job offer.|
|To remain||Nina had to remain at home, because she was sick.|
|To remember||It is hard to remember things that happened a long time ago.|
|To request||I had to request a special book at the library.|
|To resolve||Hopefully they are going to resolve this peacefully.|
|To say||We had to say something nice about her.|
|To seek||You want to seek happiness.|
|To seem||Carla used to seem shy, but she is actually very spontaneous.|
|To swear||I had to swear I would not tell anyone his secret.|
|To tend||She is likely to tend to talk too much when she is nervous.|
|To threaten||The accident seemed to threaten Simone.|
|To try||They would like to try fresh salmon today.|
|To turn out||This had to turn out the wrong way.|
|To venture||They are not likely to venture.|
|To volunteer||I went to Africa to volunteer.|
|To wait||We had to wait for our food.|
|To want||Toby is likely to want adventure.|
|To wish||I want to wish you good luck on your exams.|
|To yearn||He sat down to yearn over his dad's fate.|
Test your knowledge of the infinitive in English by doing the exercises below.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Ciao Robbie, thanks a lot for your feedback. I'm very happy you like the classes together and I'll do my best to keep them as fun and interesting as possible :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
Thank you Dan for the great review! A student like you makes everything easier. I hope to continue like that!
Thanks so much. It is understood that for any difficulty and / or misunderstanding I am at your disposal.Rina
Maria Grazia L.
Thanks a lot for the nice review. It is a real pleasure to be able to help you with German.
Very good class with Margaux, a young woman with a lot of knowledge and a lot of vocabulary :)
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