This chapter will discuss the past simple tense in English. This tense is used for describing a completed action that took place in the past.
How the past simple tense is formed, depends on whether the sentence is:
Structure: subject + conjugated verb + rest of the sentence
Structure: subject + negative auxiliary (did not) + infinitive verb + rest of the sentence.
The table below shows how the negative auxiliary is formed for every subject.
|You (singular)||did not|
|He / she / it||did not|
|You (plural)||did not|
Structure: Did + subject + infinitive verb + rest of the sentence + question mark
|Definite point in time||
|Indefinite point in time||
You can recognize the use of the past simple tense when the sentence contains words as:
The English verbs can be split up into regular and irregular verbs. These are both conjugated differently.
The simple past of the English regular verbs are formed by adding '-ed' to the infinitive of the verb.
Rule: infinitive verb + ed
|Subject||to watch||to walk|
|He / she / it||watched||walked|
The table below shows the conjugation of the past simple of irregular verbs 'to swim', 'to feel', 'to have' and 'to be'.
|Subject||to swim||to feel||to have||to be|
|He / she / it||swam||felt||had||was|
Train your skills by doing the exercises below.
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