• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • This chapter will discuss the future simple tense in English. This tense is used to refer to a time later than now, and can express facts.

    There are three ways of expressing the future in English:

    1. Using the verb 'to will'.
    2. Using the expression 'to be going to'.
    3. Using the present simple tense

    1) Using the verb 'to will' for the future simple tense

    How to form the future simple tense using will? 

    The future simple tense is formed with the auxiliary verb 'will' and an infinitive verb. 

    will + infinitive verb

    How the future simple tense is formed depends on whether the sentence is:

    1. Affirmative: expresses the truth of a certain assertion.
    2. Negative: expresses the falsity of a certain assertion. 
    3. Interrogative: expresses a question.

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    1. Affirmatives

    Structure: Subject + will + infinitive + rest of the sentence. 

    Examples:

    • I will call you tomorrow. 
    • The boss will send an email to her. 

    2. Negatives

    Structure: Subject + will not + infinitive + rest of the sentence.

    Examples:

    • I will not be home until 5 o'clock.
    • We will not eat at my favourite restaurant tonight. 

    3. Interrogatives

    Structure: Will + subject + infinitive + rest of the sentence + question mark

    Examples:

    • Will she come to the party tonight?
    • Will they fly to Barcelona or to Madrid?

    Usage of the future simple tense using 'will'

    The table below shows you the situations when to use the future simple tense. 

    Use Example
    Predictions
    • It will rain later today.
    • The road will be closed due to road works. 
    Future events
    • I will go to the supermarket tonight.
    • She will call her mother later today.
    Instant decisions
    • I will close the window.
    • They will go home now. 
    Promises
    • I will be on time.
    • I will be there tonight. 
    Offers or suggestions
    • I will help you cooking. 
    • They will help you with your homework. 

    2) Using 'to be going to' for the future simple tense

    How to form the future simple tense using 'to be going to' 

    The form 'to be going to' is another way to express the future. 

    How the future simple tense is formed depends on whether the sentence is:

    1. Affirmative: expresses the truth of a certain assertion.
    2. Negative: expresses the falsity of a certain assertion. 
    3. Interrogative: expresses a question.

    1. Affirmatives

    Structure: Subject + conjugation of 'to be' + going to + infinitive + rest of the sentence

    Subject 'to be' + going to
    I am going to
    You are going to
    He / she / it is going to
    We are going to
    You are going to
    They are going to

    Examples:

    • She is going to study for her exam at home.
    • They are visiting their grandma. 

    2. Negatives

    Structure: Subject + negative form of the verb 'to be' + going to + infinitive + rest of the sentence.

    Subject 'to be' + going to
    I am not going to 
    You are not going to
    He / she / it is not going to
    We  are not going to
    You are not going to
    They  are not going to

    Examples:

    • She is not going to study for her exam. 
    • They are not going to visit their grandma. 

    3. Interrogatives

    Structure: Conjugation of the verb 'to be' + subject + going to + infinitive + rest of the sentence + question mark

    Examples:

    • Are you going to cycle to the party?
    • Is she going to celebrate her birthday?

    Will and going to

    The verb 'will' and the expression 'to be going to' can both be used to express future actions. The difference is explained in the table below. 

    Verb / expression Use Example
    Will Used to express a prediction, to make a promise, a suggestion or to give orders or instructions.
    • I will be their at 9 o'clock tonight.
    • You will have 6 minutes to complete this task. 
    To be going to Used for actions with a high probability that they will happen. It is used for plans and intentions, or to make predictions based on current evidence, according to what we know about the current situation
    • We are going to the office at 8 o'clock in the morning.
    • I am going to fail this exam if I do not study harder.  

    3) The present simple as future simple tense

    The present simple tense can also be used to express actions that are going to happen in the near future.

    Examples:

    • The bus leaves in three minutes.
    • The supermarket closes at 9 o'clock.

    Train your skills by doing the exercises below!