• English grammar
    0%
  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • Genitive case (with 's and of) in English

    Exercises

    0%
    1. Practice the genitive in English with 's or of Score -/-
    2. Choose in the genitive with 's or of Score -/-
    3. Fill in the genitive with 's or of Score -/-

    In this chapter the genitive in English will be explained. The genitive is used to express possession, that something belongs to someone or some sort of relationship between elements in that sentence. 

    What is the genitive case in English?

    The genitive in English is used to indicate that something belongs to someone. It establishes a relationship between two elements in a sentence. 

    How is the genitive formed? 

    There are two options to form the genitive:

    Genitive Examples
    1. Genitive with '-'s' 
    • We are going to the beach with Lisa's car. 
    • That is my mother's dog. 
    2. Genitive with 'of' 
    • We are going to the beach with the car of Lisa. 
    • That is the dog of my mother. 

    Study this lesson together with a teacher

    Studying on your own is not effective since nobody guides you and you do not receive any feedback. Ask help from one of our professional teachers!

    Get a free trial lesson!
    View teachers

    1) Genitive case with 's

    The genitive with '-'s' is used to clarify that something belongs to persons or animals.

    Genitive with a singular noun

    To form this genitive '-'s' is added to the noun.

    Noun + apostrophe + s + thing possessed

    Examples:

    • Lucia's house is very big. 
    • My sister's bag is red. 
    • That is my mother's bag.

    enlightenedKeep in mind: 

    • If the possession is shared, '-'s' is added after the last word.
      Example: Peter and Julia's mom is pregnant. 
    • If the possession is not shared, an '-'s' is added to both words.
      Example: Peter's and Julia's mothers are young

    Genitive with a plural noun 

    If the noun that possesses something in the sentence is in plural, the genitive is formed by adding an apostrophe. 

    Noun + apostrophe + thing/things owned 

    Examples:

    • The boys' desks are big. 
    • The artists' works are beautiful. 
    • The girls' bags are pink. 

    enlightenedIf the plural is irregular, '-'s' is added:

    • Children's books are full of images. 
    • The women's husbands are proud of them. 
    • The men's bags are full of food. 

    Use of the '-'s' genitive in English 

    The table below shows the situations in which the '-'s' genitive is used in English.

    Use Example
    To belong to persons and animals
    • The cat's food is healthy.
    • The mother's jacket is blue.
    To specify a time measurement
    • 3 years' experience.
    • An hour's run.
    To describe places without a caregiver
    • At the doctor's
    • I went to the baker's.
    To talk about things referring to people
    • Italy's food is amazing. 
    • FC Bareclona's players are in Berlin.
    Without referencing to a word
    • You can borrow Anna's. (shirt)
    • It is at Jack's. (house)

    enlightenedIf time is plural, the genitive is used in plural. 

    2) Genitive with 'of' in English

    The genitive 'of' is used in English with abstract and inanimate things. 

    How to form the genitive 'of'

    The genitive 'of' is added to the noun, the noun could be singular or plural. 

    • The smell of the flower.
    • The smell of the flowers.

    Use of the genitive 'of' in English

    The table below shows the situations in which the 'of' genitive is used in English.

    Use Example
    In terms of property names
    • The top floor of the house. 
    • The name of the school. 
    For persons
    • The car of our workers stationed in Spain.
    • The house of our mother, who lives in London.

    3) Double genitive with 's and of in English

    When two genitive forms are combined, it is called the double genitive. This will happen in two cases, see the table below.

    Situation Example
    For persons with a partial relationship
    • A friend of Paula's.
    • A piece of Anna's. 
    After 'a', 'some', 'any', 'several'
    • Some of Anna's friends. 
    • Several of Kim's pants. 

    Train your skills by doing the exercises!