• English grammar
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  • 1 English alphabet
  • 2 English pronunciation and phonetics [0/3]
  • 3 English articles [0/9]
  • 4 English pronouns [0/39]
  • 4.1 English personal pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.2 English impersonal pronouns (it, there, ...) [0/4]
  • 4.3 English object pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.4 English possessive pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.5 English reflexive pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.6 English reciprocal pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.7 English demonstrative pronouns [0/3]
  • 4.8 English relative pronouns [0/4]
  • 4.9 English indefinite pronouns [0/5]
  • 4.10 English interrogative pronouns [0/4]
  • 5 English nouns [0/16]
  • 6 English adjectives [0/38]
  • 6.1 Adjectives of quality in English [0/4]
  • 6.2 Demonstrative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.3 Possessive adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.4 Quantity adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.5 Interrogative adjectives in English [0/4]
  • 6.6 Numeral adjectives in English [0/8]
  • 6.7 Comparatives and superlatives [0/10]
  • 7 English adverbs [0/18]
  • 7.1 Position of adverbs in English [0/2]
  • 7.2 Adverbs of manner in English [0/2]
  • 7.3 Adverbs of place in English [0/2]
  • 7.4 Adverbs of time in English [0/2]
  • 7.5 Adverbs of quantity in English [0/2]
  • 7.6 Adverbs of frequency in English [0/2]
  • 7.7 Adverbs of degree in English [0/2]
  • 7.8 Adverbs of probability and certainty in English [0/2]
  • 7.9 Adverbs of opinion and observation in English [0/2]
  • 8 English prepositions [0/12]
  • 9 English verbs [0/122]
  • 9.1 Present tenses in English [0/29]
  • Fill in the correct present tense in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Exercise about all present tenses in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Mixed present tenses exercise in English (Score -/-)Free
  • Practice all the English present tenses (Score -/-)Free
  • 9.1.1 Present simple tense in English [0/5]
  • 9.1.2 Present continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.3 Present simple vs present continuous in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.4 Present perfect tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.5 Present perfect continuous tense in English [0/4]
  • 9.1.6 Difference past simple and present perfect in English [0/4]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in English [0/20]
  • 9.3 Future tenses in English [0/21]
  • 9.4 Auxiliary verbs in English [0/9]
  • 9.5 Present participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.6 Past participle in English [0/3]
  • 9.7 Modal verbs in English [0/11]
  • 9.8 Phrasal verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.9 Regular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.10 Irregular verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.11 Gerund (-ing form) in English [0/8]
  • 9.12 Infinitive verbs in English [0/3]
  • 9.13 Imperative in English [0/2]
  • 9.14 Reported speech in English [0/2]
  • 9.15 Active and passive voice in English [0/2]
  • 10 English conditionals [0/20]
  • In this chapter the English phrasal verbs will be explained. Phrasal verbs are made up of a main verb and a proposition or an adverb. The meaning of the phrasal verb is different from the original one. 

    Formation and use of English phrasal verbs 

    The table below shows what a phrasal verb can be. 

    What can a phrasal verb be? Example
    A combination of a verb and a preposition.
    • We broke up three months ago. 
    • agree with you on this subject.
    A combination of a verb and an adverb.
    • The colours of this shirt are fading away. 
    • She can not get away with this. 
    A combination of a verb, a preposition and an adverb. 
    • He looks down on his girlfriend.
    • Keep up with the news please. 

    Phrasal verbs have different meanings than the original verb. They are usually used in everyday speech. The phrasal verbs can be divided in:

    • Intransitive phrasal verbs: they have no object. 
    • Transitive phrasal verbs: they can have an object. 

    The transitive phrasal verbs can be divided in inseparable and seperable according to whether the particle can be separated from the verb or not. 

    enlightenedThe phrasal verbs can be used in all tenses by conjugating the verb part. 

    1) Intransitive phrasal verbs

    Intransitive phrasal verbs are not accompanied by an object complement. 

    Examples:

    • Prices have gone up remarkably over the last few months. 
    • I waited and waited but he did not turn up. 

    The table shows a list of intransitive phrasal verbs. 

    Phrasal verb Example
    break out He breaks out of the cage. 
    carry on They carried on with their life as if nothing has happened.
    get by After her divorce Fiona had just enough money to get by. 
    get up Kids get up to fighting when their parents are not home.
    go off The alarm went off in the middle of the night.
    hold on Hold on for a minute, I will be right there. 
    speak up He had to speak up, because he did not agree with the idea. 
    set in The rain's set in for the day, so we can not go to the beach. 
    show off He is always showing off with his big car. 

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    2) Transitive phrasal verbs - separable 

    The separable transitive phrasal verbs are accompanied by an object, which has a different position in the sentence depending on the function:

    1. If the object is a noun, it is either placed between the particle and the verb or after the particle.
    2. If the object is a pronoun, the object precedes the particle. 
    3. If the object is represented by a complex expression, it is place after the particle. 

    The table below shows the structure of the sentence for every function as discussed above.

    Object function Structure of the sentence Example
    Noun Verb + particle + object /
    Verb + object + particle
    • Turn off your mobile. 
    • Turn your mobile off.
    Pronoun Verb + object + particle
    • Turn it off
    Complex expression Verb + particle + object
    • We turned off the electrical applicances in the house. 

    The table shows a list of separable transitive phrasal verbs.

    Phrasal verb Example
    bring up He was brought up by his mother and father. 
    call off We have decided to call of the wedding.
    carry out The investigation was carried out by the police. 
    fill in Fill in the correct conjugation of the past simple. 
    find out Yesterday she found out that he was lying to her. 
    give up Last year I gave up drinking. 
    let down You have let me down again. 
    look up Paul is looking words up in the dictionary. 
    make up Apparently she made the whole story up. 
    pick up I have to pick up my sister after class. 
    think over We have to think over your request before we say yes. 
    try on Yasmin has tried on many shirts in the shop. 
    work out They have to work out their differences. 

    3) Transitive phrasal verbs - inseparable

    The inseparable transitive phrasal verbs always have the same structure, because the preposition or adverb can not be separated from the verb. 

    Structure: verb + particle + object

    The table below shows a list of inseparable transitive phrasal verbs.

    Phrasal verb Example
    ask after I met John and he was asking about you. 
    break into After the concert the audience broke into applause.
    call on He has to call on professional help after his accident.
    count on Can I count on you tonight?
    deal with Rebecca has to deal with a lot of issues at the moment. 
    do without I don't know what I would do without you. 
    get over He has to get over his relationship to feel happy again. 
    go over We always go over the essay to correct mistakes. 
    join in Sometimes you just don't feel like joining in the celebrations. 
    look after  The grandmother looked after her grandchildren yesterday. 
    run into I ran into an old friend last week. 
    stand for The letters WWW stand for World Wide Web. 
    take after  She takes after her mother. 

    Most common phrasal verbs in English

    The table below gives an overview of the most common phrasal verbs in English. 

    Phrasal Verb Type Example
    Answer back Intransitive Don't answer back to your mom!
    Ask out Transitive separable When we were young he asked me out.
    Ask over Transitive separable  I asked him over to have a drink.
    Back up Transitive separable   She always will back you up.
    Blow down Transitive inseparable   The machine blew down the building.
    Break down Intransitive She broke down when she received the sad news. 
    Break into Transitive separable He broke into our meeting without knocking the door.
    Break out Intransitive  The murderer broke out of jail.
    Break up Intransitive They broke up after four years.
    Bring up Transitive inseparable   We had brought up our wedding during the dinner.
    Call off Transitive  separable  

    The meeting got called off. 

    Call on Transitive separable   She knows she can always call on me when she is sad. 
    Calm down Intransitive Calm down! Everything is going to be okay. 
    Carry on Intransitive They carried on with the lecture in spite of the problem with the computer.
    Carry out Transitive  separable We carried the plan out as we had planned.
    Cheer up Transitive  separable  She cheered him up with a surprise.
    Clear up Transitive  separable   It was raining when I got up, but it cleared up during the morning. 
    Come back Intransitive She is abroad, but she is coming back next week.
    Come into Transitive inseparable He came into the room carefully to not make noise.
    Come upon Transitive  inseparable   We came upon your brother in the cinema.
    Count on Transitive inseparable  You can always count on me.
    Cross out Transitive  separable   I saw her crossing your name out from the list.
    Cut out Transitive  separable   They cut out his tattoo because he didn't want it anymore.
    Deal with Transitive inseparable  We dealt with the problem easily.
    Do up Transitive  separable  We have been doing  up our room to make it nicer.
    Drive off Intransitive After their argument, she drove off crying.
    Drop by / Drop in Intransitive I dropped by when the party was about to finish. 
    Drop off Intransitive  My mom drops me off at school after work.
    Drop out Intransitive The driver dropped out the car when it started to burn.
    Eat out Intransitive  We would eat out more if we had more money.
    Fall out Intransitive  They have fallen out of contact after college.
    Figure out Transitive  separable  How did you figure out the problem? 
    Fill in Transitive  separable   Fill in the form first, please.
    Find out Transitive separable  They found it out after studying the case deeply.
    Fix up Transitive  separable   We will fix up the new office.
    Get along Intransitive My mom and I get along very well.
    Get away Intransitive  The thief couldn't get away from the police.
    Get by Intransitive   I don't know how they get by without food. 
    Get in Intransitive    I got in very late yesterday night.
    Get on Intransitive    Get on, we have to finish the project today.
    Get up Intransitive    I get up at 7.30 every morning. 
    Get over Transitive  inseparable   It took me months to get over my breakup with James.
    Give away Transitive  separable  We have given our old clothes away, because we don't use it anymore. 
    Give up Transitive  separable  Don't give up on your dreams.
    Go on Transitive inseparable  Go on please, I want to listen to your version of the story.
    Go off Intransitive The fire alarm went off when it detected the smoke.

    Go out

    Intransitive We want to go out tonight. 
    Go over Intransitive She was going over what he told her for hours.
    Hold on Intransitive  Hold on, I pass the phone to my father.
    Hold up Transitive  separable   I can't hold up when he speaks a lot.
    Join in Intransitive You can join in whenever you want. 
    Keep away Transitive  separable  Keep away from this guy, he is a bad influence.
    Keep on Transitive  inseparable   Why does he keep on texting me? 
    Keep up Intransitive This subject is very difficult and I have some problems to keep up with the class. 
    Leave out Transitive  separable    They always leave me out in their plans. 
    Let down Transitive  separable   Don't let me down, I trust you.
    Look after Transitive separable or inseparable Could you look after my children on Friday night?
    Look into Transitive  inseparable  In this laboratory, they are looking into a new medicine.
    Look out Intransitive   Look out when you cross the street.
    Look up Intransitive  If you look up you will see all the stars. It's magical.
    Make up Transitive  separable  Don't trust him, he always makes stories up.
    Move in Intransitive It has been one year since I moved in with my sister.
    Pay back Transitive  separable  I have to pay my parents the money back that they lent me. 
    Pick up Transitive separable We are going to pick up my sister at the airport.
    Plug in Transitive  separable  You should plug in your phone because you don't have battery left.
    Point out Transitive separable  She pointed out the important parts of the research yesterday. 
    Put away Transitive  separable  The kids put their toys away. 
    Put off Transitive  separable   We had to put off the dinner because he was ill.
    Put on Transitive  separable   Put your jacket on, it's very cold outside. 
    Put out Transitive  separable  The firefighters put out the fire quickly.
    Put up Transitive  separable   I was glad to put my sister and her husband up at home when they came to visit me.
    Rip off Transitive  separable    A lot of restaurants rip off the tourists. 
    Run away Intransitive She ran away from her house when she was 18 years old.
    Run into Transitive  inseparable   We ran into your mom in the supermarket. What a coincidence.
    Run out Intransitive 

    I have run out of money, I have to find a job.

    See off Transitive  separable    He came with me to the train station to see me off.
    Set in Intransitive She set in a new town to start from zero.
    Set off Intransitive The plane sets off at 12 p.m. 
    Set out Intransitive They set out from Paris.
    Set up Transitive separable He always thinks we are trying to set him up.
    Show off Intransitive She was showing off about her new car.
    Sleep in Intransitive She doesn't work on Sundays so she can sleep in.
    Slow down Intransitive You are driving so fast! Slow down.
    Sort out Transitive separable  She wanted it perfect and that's why she sorted all the details out.
    Speak up Intransitive Speak up! There is a lot of noise.
    Split up Intransitive Can we split up the bill please? 
    Stand by Intransitive I will stand by if you phone me.
    Take after Transitive  separable  Many people say that my sister takes after me.
    Take down Transitive  separable   He took down all the details.
    Take in Transitive  separable  He is always taking in you. It's very funny.
    Take off Intransitive The plane took off just on time.
    Take on Transitive separable You don't need to worry. I will take on everything.
    Take out Transitive separable He took her out and she couldn't believe it.
    Tell off Transitive  separable My dad told me off a lot of times when I didn't search for a job.
    Think over Transitive  separable  You think over the offer and let me know your choice.
    Throw away Transitive  separable They want to throw these tables away because they don't use them anymore.
    Try on Transitive  separable  You should try the dress on before you buy it.
    Try out Transitive  separable  You should try the sushi out. I love it!
    Turn around Intransitive  Turn around carefully and check the table in front of us, is he your exboyfriend?
    Turn up Intransitive   Don't worry, I'm sure your wallet will turn up.
    Wear off Intransitive The effect of the anesthetic will wear off in a couple of hours.
    Work out Intransitive / transitive separable  We are going to work out today.

    Test your knowledge of the phrasal verbs by doing the exercises below.