• Slovak grammar
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  • 4 Slovak adjectives [0/8]
  • 5 Slovak pronouns [0/11]
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  • Slovak modal words express the will and the desire to do something. Those are: chcieť, môcť, musieť, vedieť, mať, smieť. All of them can be declined. Let's have a look at their declension and how they are used in the sentences.

    Conjugation of chcieť

    This verb means "to want".

    Person Singular Plural
    1. ja chcem my chceme
    2. ty chceš vy chcete
    3. on, ona, ono chce oni, ony chcú


    Examples:

    • Chcem ísť von. (I want to go out.)
    • Chceš jesť? (Do you want to eat?)
    • Chceme nových kamarátov. (We want new friends.)

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    Conjugation of môcť

    This verb means "to can" or "to be able to".

    Person Singular Plural
    1. ja môžem my môžeme
    2. ty môžeš vy môžete
    3. on, ona, ono môže oni, ony môžu

     

    Examples:

    • Môžeš ísť von? (Can you go out?)
    • Môžete prísť o druhej. (You can come at two o´clock.)
    • Nemôžem zostať do rána. ( I can´t stay until the morning.)


    Conjugation of musieť

    This verb means "to have to", "to must".

    Person Singular Plural
    1. ja musím my musíme
    2. ty musíš vy musíte
    3. on, ona, ono musí oni, ony musia


    Examples:

    • Musíš prísť. (You must come.)
    • Nemusíš prísť. (You do not have to come.)
    • Musíme piť viac vody. (We have to drink much water.)


    Conjugation of vedieť

    This verb means "to know".

    Person Singular Plural
    1. ja viem my vieme
    2. ty vieš vy viete
    3. on, ona, ono vie oni, ony vedia


    Examples:

    • Viem písať. (I know how to write.)
    • Viete plávať? (Do you know how to swim?)
    • Vieš čítať knihy. (You know how to read the books.)


    Conjugation of mať

    This verb means "to have" or "should". Here is the conjugation in the conditional.

    Person Singular Plural
    1. ja by som mal my by sme mali
    2. ty by si mal vy by ste mali
    3. on, ona, ono by mal, mala, malo oni, ony by mali


    The modal verb mať is used in the conditional form, otherwise it signifies "to have".

    Examples:

    • Mali by sme odísť. (We should leave.)
    • Mal by si sa umyť. (You should wash.)
    • Mal by sa ostrihať. (You should get a haircut.)

     

    Conjugation of smieť

    This verb means "to can", "may".

    Person Singular Plural
    1.  ja smiem my smieme
    2. ty smieš vy smiete
    3. on, ona, ono smie

    oni, ony smú


    The model verb smieť is very often used when asking for a permission.

    Examples:

    • Smiem ísť do kina? (May I go to the cinema?)
    • Smiem si to kúpiť? (May I buy it?)
    • Smiem odísť? (May I leave?)

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