Slovak modal verbs
Slovak modal words express the will and the desire to do something. Those are: chcieť, môcť, musieť, vedieť, mať, smieť. All of them can be declined. Let's have a look at their declension and how they are used in the sentences.
Conjugation of chcieť
This verb means "to want".
|1.||ja chcem||my chceme|
|2.||ty chceš||vy chcete|
|3.||on, ona, ono chce||oni, ony chcú|
- Chcem ísť von. (I want to go out.)
- Chceš jesť? (Do you want to eat?)
- Chceme nových kamarátov. (We want new friends.)
Conjugation of môcť
This verb means "to can" or "to be able to".
|1.||ja môžem||my môžeme|
|2.||ty môžeš||vy môžete|
|3.||on, ona, ono môže||oni, ony môžu|
- Môžeš ísť von? (Can you go out?)
- Môžete prísť o druhej. (You can come at two o´clock.)
- Nemôžem zostať do rána. ( I can´t stay until the morning.)
Conjugation of musieť
This verb means "to have to", "to must".
|1.||ja musím||my musíme|
|2.||ty musíš||vy musíte|
|3.||on, ona, ono musí||oni, ony musia|
- Musíš prísť. (You must come.)
- Nemusíš prísť. (You do not have to come.)
- Musíme piť viac vody. (We have to drink much water.)
Conjugation of vedieť
This verb means "to know".
|1.||ja viem||my vieme|
|2.||ty vieš||vy viete|
|3.||on, ona, ono vie||oni, ony vedia|
- Viem písať. (I know how to write.)
- Viete plávať? (Do you know how to swim?)
- Vieš čítať knihy. (You know how to read the books.)
Conjugation of mať
This verb means "to have" or "should". Here is the conjugation in the conditional.
|1.||ja by som mal||my by sme mali|
|2.||ty by si mal||vy by ste mali|
|3.||on, ona, ono by mal, mala, malo||oni, ony by mali|
The modal verb mať is used in the conditional form, otherwise it signifies "to have".
- Mali by sme odísť. (We should leave.)
- Mal by si sa umyť. (You should wash.)
- Mal by sa ostrihať. (You should get a haircut.)
Conjugation of smieť
This verb means "to can", "may".
|1.||ja smiem||my smieme|
|2.||ty smieš||vy smiete|
|3.||on, ona, ono smie||
oni, ony smú
The model verb smieť is very often used when asking for a permission.
- Smiem ísť do kina? (May I go to the cinema?)
- Smiem si to kúpiť? (May I buy it?)
- Smiem odísť? (May I leave?)
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