• Slovak grammar
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  • 1 Slovak cases [0/3]
  • 2 Slovak sentence structure [0/2]
  • 3 Slovak nouns [0/5]
  • 4 Slovak adjectives [0/8]
  • 5 Slovak pronouns [0/11]
  • 6 Slovak numerals [0/3]
  • 7 Slovak verbs [0/17]
  • 8 Slovak prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Slovak adverbs [0/5]
  • Personal pronouns are the most used and basic pronouns from all of the groups. They indicate who are we talking about. Interesting fact is, that in Slovak language we have two forms of "they". Let's figure out how all of the personal pronouns look like.

    Classification of personal pronouns

    Personal pronouns are divided into 2 groups:

    1. basic
    2. possessive

    Here is the table of how they are written and pronounced:

    Singular   Plural  
    I ja we my
    you ty you vy
    he on they (masculine) oni, ony
    she ona they (feminine) ony
    it ono they (neutral) ony


    The two plurals change together with the noun they are referring to. 

    • oni = used with masculine, living nouns (people)
    • ony = used with masculine, non-living nouns (animals, things), feminine and neutral genders

    Basic personal pronouns

    In Slovak language, we differentiate short and long forms of personal pronouns, when declining ja, ty, on, ona, ono and oni, ony.

    Short forms are not used at the beginning of the sentences and are most often used with prepositions.

    You can check the declension here:

    Nominative ja ty on ona ono
    Genitive mňa, ma teba, ťa jeho, neho, ho, -ňho jej, nej jeho, neho, -ň
    Dative mne, mi tebe, ti jemu, nemu, mu jej, nej jemu, nemu, mu
    Accusative mňa, ma teba, ťa jeho, neho, ho, -ňho ju, ňu jeho, ho -ň
    Locative mne tebe ňom nej ňom
    Instrumental mnou tebou ním ňou ním


    and plural:

    Nominative my vy oni ony
    Genitive nás vás ich, nich ich, nich
    Dative nám vám im, nim im, nim
    Accusative nás vás ich, nich ich, ne
    Locative nás vás nich nich
    Instrumental nami vami nimi nimi


    Examples:

    • Vidím ťa (I see you).
    • Hovorím s tebou (I talk with you).
    • Dám ti darček (I will give a gift to you).

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    Possessive personal pronouns

    Môj, tvoj, náš, váš and svoj are all declined according to the model môj. On the other hand, jeho, jej, ich remain unchanged, and they are never declined!

    • Moja stará kniha. Jej stará kniha. (My old book. Her old book.)
    • O mojej starej knihe. O jej starej knihe. (About my old book. About her old book.)
    • S mojou starou knihou. S jej starou knihou. (With my old book. With her old book.)
    Case masculine feminine neutral
    Nominative môj moj-a moj-e
    Genitive môj-ho moj-ej môj-ho
    Dative môj-mu moj-ej môj-mu
    Accusative môj or -ho moj-u moj-e
    Locative moj-om moj-ej moj-om
    Instrumental moj-ím moj-ou moj-ím


    and plural form, again, as with adjective, is changing. For masculine personal nouns (people, living nouns) is one form and for feminine, neutral and masculine non-personal (non-living) nouns is another form:

    Case masculine personsl others
    Nominative moj-i moj-e
    Genitive moj-ich moj-ich
    Dative moj-im moj-im
    Accusative moj-ich moj-e
    Locative moj-ich moj-ich
    Instrumental moj-imi moj-imi


    Practice your new skills with the exercise!