In this lesson you will learn what is the classification of the prepositions, you will learn the vocabulary of the most used prepositions and when to use them. We do not indicate the grammatical number, the gender or the declension of prepositions.
In Slovak language we differentiate between the two main groups:
Primary prepositions are further divided into two groups:
We included also the case in which is the noun when used with the preposition.
As you can see, all of the prepositions are connected with the case. G (genitive), D (dative), A (accusative), L (locative) or I (instrumental).
|English prepositions||Slovak prepostions||Case||Example|
|from||z, zo||G||zo záhrady (from the garden)|
|in, inside||v, vo||L||v kostole (in the church)|
|on, on top of||na||L||na stole (on the table)|
|with||s, so||I||so psom (with the dog)|
|in front of||pred||I||pred domom (in front of the house)|
|behind||za||I||za dverami (behind the door)|
|under||pod||I||pod oknom (under the window)|
|above||nad||I||nad tebou (above you)|
|opposite to||oproti||D||oproti obchodu (opposite to the shop)|
|into (something)||do||G||do krabice (into the box)|
|to (something, someone)||k, ku||D||k rodičom (to the parents)|
|next to||pri||L||pri škole (next to the school)|
There are many more prepositions. Here is the general list of the prepositions divided according to the cases they are used with.
|Genitive||bez, do, od, u, z, zo, spod, sponad, spomedzi...|
|Dative||k, ku, proti, naproti, voči, kvôli...|
|Accusative||cez, pre, na, nad...|
|Locative||pri, popri, o, v, na, po...|
|Instrumental||s, so, za, medzi, pod, pred, nad...|
Some of the prepositions can be connected with more than one case. For example:
You might notice that some prepositions are connected with -o or -u. This is called the vocalization.
Due to the pronunciation, the prepositions s, z, v and k connect with -o or -u,
It is mainly because of the fact, that the next word starts with a similar or the same letter. Here are the examples:
When does it happen? There are four cases:
Preposition v, vo are special, as they can appear also in their non-vocalized form, even if it follows the rules: v tvojom, v tvare, v tvári...
Pay attention to the Slovak "where". We differentiate between 3 types of where:
The question we ask is "Where is XY situated?" :
The question we ask is "Where does XY go?":
The question we ask is "From where does XY go?"
4.5/5 from 8 reviews
I am a qualified, experienced teacher of Slovak for foreigners. I have master´s degree in teaching and I´ve been teaching Slovak... both in person and online for 10 years. I prepare unique lessons for every student according to their level, needs, goals and preferences. I offer free trial lesson where we assess student´s level, discuss goals and make a plan of lessons. We also set our schedule and student gets a chance to see my teaching style and methods. . So, if you like to explore the beauty of my mother language, I will be pleased to assist you! Looking forward to meeting you soon online! Regards, Libi Read more
Hello! I am Juliana - an English teacher at a language school in Spain where I am currently teaching groups at various levels (from... 4-year old children up to the B2 level) and also preparing students for the first (FCE) and preliminary (PET) Cambridge exams. I have a master degree in English translation and interpreting. Besides teaching English, I also have experience with teaching Slovak (to children as well as adults) at schools in the United Kingdom. I offer personalised classes and will be more than happy to help you with any aspect of the English or Slovak language you are unclear about - whether you need to learn the basics, prepare yourself for an official exam, practise speaking or learn more about the grammar. I always try to do my best to make my lessons educating, but also fun : ) Don’t hesitate to contact me in case you are interested or have additional questions! : ) Read more
Learn one of the most interesting Slavic languages - Slovak. With experienced teacher, you can step by step unveil the beauty of this Central... European language, learn its grammar and intriguing phrases, and find similarities with other Slavic and non Slavic languages. The teaching includes pronunciation training and vocabulary learning with the help of semantic (mind) maps as well as conversations on preselected topics and grammatical explanations. The teaching materials include successful book by teachers of Studia Academica Slovaca Center (Center for Slovak as a foreign language in Bratislava). Read more