• Slovak grammar
  • 1 Slovak cases [0/3]
  • 2 Slovak sentence structure [0/2]
  • 3 Slovak nouns [0/5]
  • 4 Slovak adjectives [0/8]
  • 5 Slovak pronouns [0/11]
  • 6 Slovak numerals [0/3]
  • 7 Slovak verbs [0/17]
  • 8 Slovak prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Slovak adverbs [0/5]
  • Interrogative and relative pronouns in Slovak

    Interrogative and relative pronouns may look the same at the first sight. The visible difference is that we write question mark together with interrogative pronouns and comma in front of relative pronouns. Let's have a look at the most used ones.

    Interrogative pronouns

    These pronouns are used with questions marks and we require an answer for those. Here is the list with the most used interrogative pronouns:

    Slovak English
    kto? who?
    čo? what?
    aký? what? (nice, polite, green...)
    ktorý? which one? (that one...)
    kde? where?
    kedy? when?
    prečo? why?
    ako? how?
    koľký? which one (in order)? (first one...)

    Case questions WHO, WHAT

    These pronouns are used in declension. We also call them "Case questions"!

    Case Slovak English
    Nominative kto? čo?
    Genitive koho? čoho?
    Dative komu? čomu?
    Accusative koho? čo?
    Locative kom? čom?
    Instrumental kým? čím?

    Relative pronouns

    The relative pronouns are the same as interrogative pronouns. The difference is we write commas in front of them.

    They are used in complex sentences:

    • I will go to the lake where we first met. = Pôjdem k tomu jazeru, kde sme sa prvýkrát stretli.
    • She is the one who told me about it. = To je ona, kto mi to povedala.
    • I like the things which are useful. = Mám rád veci, ktoré sú užitočné.

    We always write a comma in front of them.


    Now let´s practice with our exercises!


      Exercise about case questions

      Fill in the blanks exercise on interrogative pronouns