Slovak language has 7 cases which are applied to nouns, pronouns, adjectives and numerals. Let's have a look at explanations when we use specific case and what are the questions related to each case in order to find the different forms of words.
Nominative is the basic and primary case. It is the infinitive form of the word, not changed at all, basically what you find in dictionary. The question we ask with this case is:
Examples: otec, mama, dieťa
Genitive is the second case. It usually refers to ownership. The help questions we ask are:
Examples: (od/bez) otca, mamy, dieťaťa
Dative is always the 3rd case. The questions we ask are:
or short-form "Komu? Čomu?" (To whom? To what?)
Examples: (dám) otcovi, mame, dieťaťu
The fourth case is always identified with these questions:
or Who do I see? What do I see?
Examples: (vidím) otca, mamu, dieťa
Accusative case is used very often, because it is usually connected with the verbs of action! For example vidieť (to see), robiť (to do), mať (to have), kresliť (to draw), stavať (to build)...
Locative is the 6th. The questions with this case are as follows:
Examples: (o) otcovi, mame, dieťati
Good thing to remember about Locative is that it always comes with prepositions!
The last 7th case is Instrumental. The questions we ask with this case are:
Examples: (s) otcom, mamou, dieťaťom
As you could find out, we gave jumped from 4th case to 6th without mentioning 5th one. It is because vocative is not used anymore.
It is similar to Nominative, as it represents some of the addressing of people. It is separated with comma(s).
For example: Otec, ako sa máš?
4.5/5 from 6 reviews
I am a qualified, experienced teacher of Slovak for foreigners. I have master´s degree in teaching and I´ve been teaching Slovak... both in person and online for 10 years. I prepare unique lessons for every student according to their level, needs, goals and preferences. I offer free trial lesson where we assess student´s level, discuss goals and make a plan of lessons. We also set our schedule and student gets a chance to see my teaching style and methods. . So, if you like to explore the beauty of my mother language, I will be pleased to assist you! Looking forward to meeting you soon online! Regards, Libi Read more
Hello! I am Juliana - an English teacher at a language school in Spain where I am currently teaching groups at various levels (from... 4-year old children up to the B2 level) and also preparing students for the first (FCE) and preliminary (PET) Cambridge exams. I have a master degree in English translation and interpreting. Besides teaching English, I also have experience with teaching Slovak (to children as well as adults) at schools in the United Kingdom. I offer personalised classes and will be more than happy to help you with any aspect of the English or Slovak language you are unclear about - whether you need to learn the basics, prepare yourself for an official exam, practise speaking or learn more about the grammar. I always try to do my best to make my lessons educating, but also fun : ) Don’t hesitate to contact me in case you are interested or have additional questions! : ) Read more
Learn one of the most interesting Slavic languages - Slovak. With experienced teacher, you can step by step unveil the beauty of this Central... European language, learn its grammar and intriguing phrases, and find similarities with other Slavic and non Slavic languages. The teaching includes pronunciation training and vocabulary learning with the help of semantic (mind) maps as well as conversations on preselected topics and grammatical explanations. The teaching materials include successful book by teachers of Studia Academica Slovaca Center (Center for Slovak as a foreign language in Bratislava). Read more