• Slovak grammar
  • 1 Slovak cases [0/3]
  • 2 Slovak sentence structure [0/2]
  • 3 Slovak nouns [0/5]
  • 4 Slovak adjectives [0/8]
  • 5 Slovak pronouns [0/11]
  • 6 Slovak numerals [0/3]
  • 7 Slovak verbs [0/17]
  • 8 Slovak prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Slovak adverbs [0/5]
  • Reflexive pronouns in Slovak language refer to "self". There are two groups of reflexive pronouns, making it together 3 reflexive pronouns. 

    The two groups are:

    1. basic
    2. possessive

    Basic reflexive pronouns

    • seba
    • sa
    Case Long form Short form
    Nominative - -
    Genitive seba -
    Dative sebe si
    Accusative seba sa
    Locative sebe -
    Instrumental sebou -

    "sa" is sometimes used with some of the verbs. It express somebody is doing action on himself. To understand better:

    • nakresliť sa = to self draw (draw the picture where the person who draws it is on it)
    • česať sa = to self comb (to comb the hair of the person who holds the comb= the same person)
    • but also can be prechádzať sa = to have a walk (also with somebody, because word prechádať alone, can mean "to go" through something, to reach another level, or other meanings)

    Possessive reflexive pronoun

    • svoj

    It is declined according to the model môj. Here you can see the declension tables:

    Case masculine feminine neutral
    Nominative svoj svoj-a svoj-e
    Genitive svoj-ho svoj-ej svoj-ho
    Dative svoj-mu svoj-ej svoj-mu
    Accusative svoj or -ho svoj-u svoj-e
    Locative svoj-om svoj-ej svoj-om
    Instrumental svoj-ím svoj-ou svoj-ím

    and plural form:

    Case masculine personal others
    Nominative svoj-i svoj-e
    Genitive svoj-ich svoj-ich
    Dative svoj-im svoj-im
    Accusative svoj-ich svoj-e
    Locative svoj-ich svoj-ich
    Instrumental svoj-imi svoj-imi

    We use svoj together with ownership of something. The thing belongs all the time to the person that we talk about. Here is an example:

    • On má svoj kabát. ≠ On má jeho kabát.
    • He has got his coat (he owns the coat) ≠ He has got his coat (he has a coat of another man).

    Other examples:

    • Mám rada svoju sestru. = I like my sister. 
    • Požičal mi svoj kabát. = He borrowed me his coat. (the coat belongs to him)
    • Majú radi svoje psy. = They like their dogs. (the dogs are theirs)


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