• Slovak grammar
  • 1 Slovak cases [0/3]
  • 2 Slovak sentence structure [0/2]
  • 3 Slovak nouns [0/5]
  • 4 Slovak adjectives [0/8]
  • 5 Slovak pronouns [0/11]
  • 6 Slovak numerals [0/3]
  • 7 Slovak verbs [0/17]
  • 8 Slovak prepositions [0/2]
  • 9 Slovak adverbs [0/5]
  • Reflexive pronouns in Slovak

    Reflexive pronouns in Slovak language refer to "self". There are two groups of reflexive pronouns, making it together 3 reflexive pronouns. 

    The two groups are:

    1. basic
    2. possessive

    Basic reflexive pronouns

    • seba
    • sa
    Case Long form Short form
    Nominative - -
    Genitive seba -
    Dative sebe si
    Accusative seba sa
    Locative sebe -
    Instrumental sebou -

    "sa" is sometimes used with some of the verbs. It express somebody is doing action on himself. To understand better:

    • nakresliť sa = to self draw (draw the picture where the person who draws it is on it)
    • česať sa = to self comb (to comb the hair of the person who holds the comb= the same person)
    • but also can be prechádzať sa = to have a walk (also with somebody, because word prechádať alone, can mean "to go" through something, to reach another level, or other meanings)

    Possessive reflexive pronoun

    • svoj

    It is declined according to the model môj. Here you can see the declension tables:

    Case masculine feminine neutral
    Nominative svoj svoj-a svoj-e
    Genitive svoj-ho svoj-ej svoj-ho
    Dative svoj-mu svoj-ej svoj-mu
    Accusative svoj or -ho svoj-u svoj-e
    Locative svoj-om svoj-ej svoj-om
    Instrumental svoj-ím svoj-ou svoj-ím

    and plural form:

    Case masculine personal others
    Nominative svoj-i svoj-e
    Genitive svoj-ich svoj-ich
    Dative svoj-im svoj-im
    Accusative svoj-ich svoj-e
    Locative svoj-ich svoj-ich
    Instrumental svoj-imi svoj-imi

    We use svoj together with ownership of something. The thing belongs all the time to the person that we talk about. Here is an example:

    • On má svoj kabát. ≠ On má jeho kabát.
    • He has got his coat (he owns the coat) ≠ He has got his coat (he has a coat of another man).

    Other examples:

    • Mám rada svoju sestru. = I like my sister. 
    • Požičal mi svoj kabát. = He borrowed me his coat. (the coat belongs to him)
    • Majú radi svoje psy. = They like their dogs. (the dogs are theirs)


    Now you can train your skills with our exercises


    Drag the text exercise on reflexive pronoun "svoj"

    Fill in the blanks exercise on reflexive pronouns "si, sa, seba, sebe"