Reflexive pronouns in Slovak
Reflexive pronouns in Slovak language refer to "self". There are two groups of reflexive pronouns, making it together 3 reflexive pronouns.
The two groups are:
Basic reflexive pronouns
|Case||Long form||Short form|
"sa" is sometimes used with some of the verbs. It express somebody is doing action on himself. To understand better:
- nakresliť sa = to self draw (draw the picture where the person who draws it is on it)
- česať sa = to self comb (to comb the hair of the person who holds the comb= the same person)
- but also can be prechádzať sa = to have a walk (also with somebody, because word prechádať alone, can mean "to go" through something, to reach another level, or other meanings)
Possessive reflexive pronoun
It is declined according to the model môj. Here you can see the declension tables:
|Accusative||svoj or -ho||svoj-u||svoj-e|
and plural form:
We use svoj together with ownership of something. The thing belongs all the time to the person that we talk about. Here is an example:
- On má svoj kabát. ≠ On má jeho kabát.
- He has got his coat (he owns the coat) ≠ He has got his coat (he has a coat of another man).
- Mám rada svoju sestru. = I like my sister.
- Požičal mi svoj kabát. = He borrowed me his coat. (the coat belongs to him)
- Majú radi svoje psy. = They like their dogs. (the dogs are theirs)
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